Last modified: 2021-07-17 by valentin poposki
Keywords: law | governor |
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This site was designed by Yu. Rocich. He wanted to make a big site on
flags and arms. Many people helped to Yuri (and me too). But now Yuri is
very busy, and the work on site is stopped until unknown date. The
information of this site is not complete, of course.
Victor Lomantsov, 09 Dec 2001
I think they took their images from FOTW or other famous flag-sites.
Some are now outdated.
Victor Lomantsov, 18 Apr 2001
That is Ilya Morozov’s site. It shows a peculiar selection of flags.
Most of them (98 out of 100) come either from Pascal’s
site or from FOTW — some were taken from our site, some directly from
our mailing list. Most of the older images were meanwhile replaced on
FOTW-ws with better ones. (I’d also call your attention to the strange
translation options: oblasth being not translated and kraĭ
being anglicized as "region" — usually it is "territory", while "region" is
preferred for oblasth.)
António Martins, 29 Nov 2002
All Russian Federation subdivisions are entitled to have flags,
but subjects other than republics were allowed to adopt flags only
shortly before (or in early) 1994.
António Martins, 20 Dec 1999 and 11 Mar 2000
In an only partly related article in
Moscow Times, it is said that the national government now claims a
right to allow or disallow subdivision flags.
John Ayer, 12 Dec 2002
Russian subdivisions flag laws are quite similar and actually they follow
each other almost word by word and in turn were based on the current Russian
constitution (article about the flag, coat-of-arms, anthem and capital) and
flag laws — which in turn was taken with minor differences from the
soviet constitution of 1980, or possibly earlier.
António Martins, 20 Jan 2000
Unstrict enforcement of flag laws (regarding design) is not
uncommon — Adygeia flies a medium green
flag and its law says dark aquamarine, Yakutia
flies a medium blue flag and its laws says light blue,
Chuvashia flies a medium red flag and its law
says dark red, and probably more.
António Martins, 19 Apr 2000
Four 1st level Russian subdivisions use dark red as a major color of its
flags: Moscow City, Mordovia,
Chuvashia and Mariy El.
António Martins, 08 Dec 2006
Russia has very complicated system of administrative-territorial divisions
mixed with municipal and non-municipal subdivisions , and several
intra-governmental territorial units.
In first level, there are 83 federal subjects of several types - 21 republics, 2 federal cities, 9 krays, 46 oblasts, 1 autonomous oblast and 4 autonomous okrugs. Yet, three of autonomous okrugs are territorially part of other entities, although not governmentally.
In the next level, all these federal entities are subdivided in rayons and independent cities. However, that is from the territorial aspect, but from the aspect of the municipal point of view sometimes territorial rayons don't match with the municipal rayons. For example - Chukotskiy AOk has 8 territorial rayons, but just 6 municipal rayons.
Of course there are even special cases. The federal cities - Moskva and Sankt Peterburg each have its own structure of territorial units which are subdivided into municipal entities. Also, there are few Okrugs with special status which remain after the few former autonomous okrugs were dissolved.
Furthermore, rayons are subdivided into smaller municipal entities - towns, urban settlements, rural settlements, and several other types of subdivisions. Also, the big independent cities have their own administrative-territorial units - inner city rayons or inner city okrugs, which have no municipal status. So, there are about 2000 municipal entities in the second level - rayons and independent cities, and about 10 times more in the third level.
Valentin Poposki, 22 October 2019
The design of many current, post-soviet Russian subnational flags includes
an unmistakable soviet element — the vertical
bar at the hoist.
António Martins, 12 Jan 2003
In Russia any flag of any color a vertical strip at a staff reminds the
flag of RSFSR.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 06 Oct 2005
Some of these are:
One of the requests of the Russian
federal constitutional law About the State Flag of Russian Federation,
prohibits as a fundamentals for flags
of the subjects of federation to utilize a State Flag of
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 29 Jan 2003
This already caused the change of the Khakassian
republic flag, in 2003. Changes are to be expected also in the flags of
Chukotka and Orenburg city,
to name but two subnational flags.
António Martins, 29 Dec 2003
An exception is made in the case of flags pre-dating the legislation
forbidding use of the National Flag on any regional
Christopher Southworth, 29 Sep 2003
It seems that the standard ratio for (territorial?) flags in Russia
shall be 2:3 like the Federal Russian flag. The MPs adopted amendments
in the Law about the State symbolic of
Bashkortostan. Can we expect all the flags of Republic, regions, etc.
be also 2:3 in ratio?
Pascal Vagnat, 30 Jan 2003
Yes, it’s the prevailing tendency: as since 1993 the State flag of
the Russian Federation has a ratio of width by the
length as 2:3. But some regions and some municipalities have flags with ratio
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 12 Aug 2005
A federal law imposing 2:3 ratio to all subnational flags does not exist.
There is only an recommendation of Heraldic Council at the President of the
Russian Federation about desirability of ratio 2:3 at adopting of flags of
municipalities. This recommendation is considered at the decision of a
question on registration flags of regions and municipalities in the State
Heraldic Register of the Russian Federation.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 16 Aug 2005
In some Russian regions (e.g., V. Novgorod) we have detected a pattern that the regional coat of arms
is the same as the capital city coat of arms (which in turn is
identical to the pre-1917 coat of arms), but with the traditional
achievements (imperial crown and oak wreath with band), while
the current city coat of arms shows only a civic crown.
António Martins, 04 Jan 2000
In Russian heraldry (rules of 1857):
All major cities were granted arms during the Tsarist era — these exist
today at least as traditional, unofficial coat of arms. In many cities,
these have been officially (re)approved as official. And note that some even
have had different coats of arms throughout time, incl. in the soviet era,
António Martins, 02 Jul 2001
We have seen that in most cases the adopted arms are identical to
the pre-1917 version, if not in detail, at least blazoned in the same
way. This is true for most division capital cities, for many non-capital
cities and even for the regions and territories themselves (though
excluding most republics and a few of the other divisions).
António Martins, 08 Apr 2000
Construction of civic arms divided per fess (with arms of provincial centre
in upper part) is used in Russia since 1780ths. But in fact shields without
provincial arms in upper part are used (since 1850ths) very often. The shield
with prov. arms looks “old fashioned”.
Victor Lomantsov, 30 Mar 2000
All municipal flags advised by the Heraldic Council of the President of the
Russian Federation (now about 5000 flags) are "the banners of arms".
Flags with "various heraldic designs based on and often including logos" are unofficial.
Victor Lomantsov, 15 January 2016
Known to, and covered by, FotW:
Most of these flags are squarish (about 11:12), rigid and fringed
variants of the region (Governors) or Republic (Presidents) flags
with the regional emblem over all. (Like the Russian Federation
presidential standard itself.)
António Martins, 02 Oct 2005
Standard are accepted at a legislative level in many Republics both some Oblasts and Autonomous Regions (In laws of Republic Sakha (Yakutia) such symbols are named auxiliary state symbols). Also there are the symbols combining symbolic of the arms and a flag, but thus, the documents regulating their use are not known. Such are a flag in studies of presidents of Republics Karelia and Altai, the governor of the Saratov Oblast.
The simplest variants of standards are accepted in Republics. This imposing of the arms on a national flag. Such symbols have heads of Republics Bashkiria, Tatarstan, Maria El. Except for Republics on this way send authorities of the Rostov and Ryazan Oblasts. More difficultly a composition of heads standards of Chuvashia. Personal flags of governors of the Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Region have the original figures. It is remarkable, that the standard of the governor of the Perm area was accepted long before acceptance of a flag of the Region.
At the end of 1990 acceptance of standard the governor was extended. Such standards were accepted in the Novgorod, Nizhniy Novgorod, Saratov, Kemerovo, Vladimir areas.
Sergey Filatov, 10 Oct 2005
Republics have almost always a president
prezident) while other subdivisions
latter have a governor
António Martins, 04 Apr 2000