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Dictionary of Vexillology: B (Banner Roll - Barry Wavy)

Last modified: 2014-06-21 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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BANNER ROLL
An 18th Century corruption, now obsolete, of the also obsolete term bannerole (see 'bannerole').

Please note, it is suggested that this term could also apply to a roll or scroll depicting banners.


BANNER TOP
See ‘finial’ (also supplementary note)

Please note that the Editors consider this term to be both contradictory and confusing, and suggest therefore, considerable caution before use.


BANNERET
1) A term sometimes used to describe a miniature banner; this is often (but not invariably) straight-sided and swallow-tailed, is designed to be displayed vertically and usually shows emblems of both national and local significance (see also ‘bannerette’, ‘emblem, general’ and ‘swallow-tail(ed)’).
2) A medieval term, now obsolete, for a knight entitled to lead men into battle – a knight banneret – whose armigerous and whose lance pennon was square-ended, or for the group of knights so lead – a banneretus (see also ‘armigerous’, ‘banderium’, ‘lance pennon 1)’ and ‘pennoncier’).

[banneret]
Lance Pennon of Sir Robert Knolles. Knight Banneret c1360, England


BANNERETTE (or BANERETTE)
1) A small ceremonial banner decorating a set of bagpipes, a drum or a trumpet – a drum banner, pipe banner or a trumpet banner or tabard (see also ‘war banner’).
2) See ‘banner 3’.

[bannerette]
7th Duke of Edinburgh’s Own Gurkha Rifles, UK (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


BANNERETUS
A medieval term, now obsolete, for a banneret (see ‘banneret 2)’).

BANNERHAUPT
See ‘bannerhead’.

Ludwigshafen, Germany
Banner of Ludwigshafen, Germany (fotw)


BANNERHEAD
The term - and a direct translation of the German term "bannerhaupt" used in German language vexillology - to describe the usually (but not invariably) white area of field that may appear at the head of a hanging flag or a banner and usually bearing a civic or regional coat of arms (see also ‘banner 2)’, ‘hanging flag’ and ‘hoisted flag’).

Bad Westernkotten, Germany Main, Germany
Banner of Bad Westernkotten, Germany (fotw); Hanging Flag of Frankfurt am Main, Germany (fotw)


BANNERMAN
1) In largely Scottish usage a term, now obsolete, for one who bears a standard.
2) An originally 17th century term, now obsolete, for a Chinese soldier belonging to one of the eight “banners” (or divisions) of the Manchu army (see also ‘banner 7)’).

BANNEROLE (or BANNEROL)
The term, now obsolete, for a small flag (usually three feet - 91 cm - square) that displayed a single quartering from a deceased person’s coat of arms for use at that person’s funeral – a banner roll (see also ‘achievement of arms 2)‘, ‘badge banner’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘canton 3)’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘great banner’, ‘grumphion’ and ‘quartering’).

Main, Germany
Bannerole (or single quartering) from the Arms of the 4th Duke of Buccleuch d1687

Please note - not be confused with banderole (see ‘banderole’).


BAR
1) The heraldic term for a horizontal stripe that is rarely borne singly, and which in strict heraldic practice should occupy about one-fifth the width of a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof – but see ‘Appendix VI’ and compare with ‘fess’ (also ‘barrulet’, ‘barry’, ‘filet’ and ‘quartering 1)’).
2) In vexillology see ‘stripe(s)’.
3) In UK military usage and in some others, the metal clasp which is added to a medal ribbon to indicate a second award of that same medal, or the battle, campaign or reason for its award.

bar bar bar
Examples; Flag of Chicago, US (fotw)

Notes
a) In vexillology a fess and a bar are regarded as almost synonymous.
b) With regard to 1), in strict heraldic usage there is a size difference between the two (as listed herein), and that a fess should be confined to the centreline of the field whereas a bar or bars need not.


BARBED
A heraldic term used when describing the leaves of a rose or the metal point of an arrow or of a spear, particularly when these are of a different tincture - but see note below ‘seeded’ and ‘shafted’ (also ‘garnished’, ‘hafted’, ‘hilted’, ‘rogacina’ and ‘tincture’).

Ceský Krumlov, Czech Republic Dalecarlia, Sweden Spytkowicem, Poland
Flag of Ceský Krumlov, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Dalecarlia, Sweden (fotw); Flag of Spytkowicem, Poland (Jarig Bakker)

Please note that this term is sometimes also applied to the thorns found on the stem of a rose.


BAR CROSS
An accurate but seldom used translation (balken meaning a “balk, “bar” or “beam” of wood) of the German term balkenkreuz - see ‘balkenkreuz’.

Balkenkreuz


BARGE FLAG
In UK usage, one of a number of varying flags (usually a banner of arms) which are flown from the ceremonial barges of London’s livery companies (see also ‘banner of arms’, and ‘boat flag 3)’).

Barge flag
Barge Flag/Banner of Arms of The Worshipful Company of Fletchers, London UK

Please note that in British RN and some other usage, the small boat carrying a vessel’s commander, or a flag officer, is called the captain’s, commodore’s or admiral’s “barge”, but that any rank flag or ensign flown from it is invariably called a “boat” flag as referenced above.


BARGEMAN’S ASSOCIATION DISPLAY MAST
See ‘sailor's mast’.

BARRULET  (BARRELET, BARRULY or BARRULLY)
The heraldic term for a narrow horizontal stripe that is rarely bourn singly, which is often to be seen as a barrulet wavy and which in strict heraldic practice should occupy one-quarter the width of a bar or about one-twentieth the width of a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof – a barrelet, barrully or bracelet (see also ‘Appendix VI’, ‘bar’, ‘barry’, ‘filet’ and ‘wavy’).

bar
Example


BARRULET (BARRELET, BARRULY or BRACELET) WAVY
See ‘barrulet’.

bar
Flag of Kreis Rheinwald, Switzerland (fotw)


BARRY
The heraldic term for the division of a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof, into four or more usually (but not invariably) equal horizontal stripes in alternating tinctures – but see ‘Appendix VI’ ‘barry wavy’ and ‘multi-stripe’ (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘bar’, ‘barrulet’, ‘bar’, ‘quartering 1)’ and ‘tincture’).

bar bar bar
Example; Civil Ensign of Luxembourg (fotw); Arms of Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Croatia (fotw)


BARRY WAVY
The heraldic term used to describe a series of wavy stripes, often (but not invariably) in azure and argent to represent running water – but see ‘barry’ and ‘wavy’ (also ‘appendix VI’).

barry barry barry
Arms and Flag of Trogir, Croatia (fotw); Flag of St Paul’s Bay, Malta (fotw)


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