- ASCENDING DIAGONAL
- 1) The term for a diagonal stripe that runs from the lower hoist corner to
the upper fly corner, and which centres on the corners of the flag – a bend
sinister, rising diagonal, fly-diagonal, left diagonal or left diagonal bar - but see
and ‘Appendix IX’ (also
and ‘west-south diagonal’).
- 2) The term may also be used to describe the division line on a bicolour divided
diagonally as shown below – but see
‘per bend sinister 1)’
(also ‘bicolour 1)’ and
National Flag of Tanzania (fotw); Flag of Acre, Brazil (fotw)
- ASHOKA CHAKRA (or CHAKKRA)
- See ‘chakra’.
Buddhist Flag, Thailand (fotw)
- See ‘staff of asclepius’.
Flag and Emblem of the 52nd Field Ambulance, Canada (fotw)
- ASPECT RATIO
- See ‘proportions’.
- ASYMMETRIC LEFT (or DEXTER) STEPPED
- See ‘stepped gonfalon’.
- ASYMMETRIC RIGHT (or DEXTER) STEPPED
- See ‘stepped gonfalon’.
- ASTRAL CROWN
- In UK and some other usage, a coronet based on the naval model, but composed
of wings and stars, and representative of the military air service (see also
UK Pattern Astral Crown (Martin Grieve); Officers Commanding in Chief RAF, UK (fotw);
Officers of Air Rank Commanding a Base RAAF, Australia (fotw)
- ATHLETICS' (or ATHLETIC) CROSS
- See ‘cross of athletics’
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
- AT THE DIP
- See ‘dip, at the’
- AT THE LEACH
- AT THE PEAK (or AT THE PEAK OF THE GAFF)
- See ‘peak 1)’
- AT THE MASTHEAD
‘masthead, at the’).
- The heraldic term for an antler (or a pair or group of antlers) from a stag, when shown separately -
but see ‘attired’ below.
Arms and Ceremonial Flag of Trzebiel, Poland (Jarig Bakker);
Royal Standard of Württemberg 1894–1918, Germany (fotw);
Flag and Arms of Srní, Czech Republic (fotw)
- The heraldic term used when the antlers of a stag, or the horns of some other animal –
for example a goat – are shown in a different tincture from that of its body –
accorné – see ‘attire’ above (also
Flag of Oland, Sweden (fotw); Flag of Seleute, Switzerland (fotw)
- ATTRIBUTED ARMS
- The heraldic term for that coat of arms which was assigned to a person whose lifetime
predated the introduction of heraldic symbolism, or for whom there is no evidence that any
such arms were either granted or assumed (see also ‘attributed flag’).
Banner of the Attributed Arms of King Edward the Confessor 1042 – 1066, England (fotw)
- ATTRIBUTED FLAG
- The term for a flag, or the illustration of such a flag, that is attributed to a particular
historical person or entity, but for which no real evidence of actual use exists (see also
Attributed Flag of Macedonia 1921 – 1923 (Macedonian Documents)
- AUGMENTATION OF HONOUR/HONOR (AUGMENTATIONS or AUGMENTED)
- A heraldically derived term for the charge added to a flag or coat of arms
to indicate special recognition for some – not necessarily military – service,
with an example being the George Cross that was added to the arms of Malta and
now appears on their current national flag and naval jack - an honorary distinction, addition of
honour, augmentations or augmented (see also
From left: Government Ensign and Arms of Malta 1943–64 (fotw);
National Flag of Malta (fotw), Naval Jack of Malta (fotw)
Please note that this is in comparison to a battle
honour which is almost invariably related to combat, and is entirely military
- See 'ancient 2)'.
An Auncient/Ancient, English c1590
- See ‘oriflamme’.
One interpretation of the Auriflamma/Oriflamme (fotw)
- A colloquial term for one of the several designs suggested (over a period of several years)
as alternatives to the current Australian national flag.(see also
‘flag design competition’ and
National Flag of Australia (fotw); Four examples of an
from 1993 – 2013 (fotw)
Please note that Ausflag Ltd is an organization committed to the
promotion of a new Australian national flag
- See ‘outrigger flag’.
- AUTOMOBILE FLAG
- See ‘car flag’.
National flag of Automobile/Car Flag,
Prime Minister and the President of the State Parliament, Saar, Germany (fotw)
- AUTOMOBILE PLATE
- See ‘rank plate’.
Automobile/rank plate, General Army and Marine Corps US
- AUXILIARY COLOURS
- See ‘mixed tinctures’ in ‘appendix III’.
From left: Brunatre and Tenne
- AUXILIARY ENSIGN
- See ‘government ensign’ under
Ensign for Auxiliary Ships, Ukraine (fotw)
- In heraldry the term sometimes used to describe two animals or other charges that are placed back to back
but see addorsed 2) and
Flag of Sugnens, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of
Orbe, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that this word has a different meaning in Modern English, however, its etymology would suggest that it would have been correct usage at an earlier date.
- AVIS CROSS
- A symbol of the Portuguese branch of the Order of Calatrava – the Avis Order – but see
‘cross fleury’ in
(also ‘cross of Calatrava’).
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Alandroal, Portugal (ICH & fotw)
- AWARD FLAG (or AWARD PENNANT)
- A flag or pennant signifying that the organization displaying it has received
the citation, commendation or other award usualllyrepresented by the flag;'s design -
honour banner or
touring flag (see also
‘battle efficiency pennant’,
‘E pennant 2)’ and
The Queen’s Award for Export Achievement, UK (Graham Bartram);
Naval Energy Conservation Award, US (fotw);
Beach Quality Award Flag, Portugal (fotw);
Environmental Protection Award Pennant, US (fotw)
Please note that such awards (and their accompanying flags) are often only held for a limited
- AWARD STREAMER
- In largely US usage, a streamer attached to the flag of a military unit to
signify the award of an order, citation, decoration, or similar collective honour
(see also ‘streamer 1)’).
Valorous Unit Award Streamer, US
- A heraldic term for the colour blue (see also
‘Appendix III’ and
‘rule of tincture’).