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Dictionary of Vexillology: Q (Quarantine Flag - Quinterfoil)

Last modified: 2014-08-09 by rob raeside
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QUARANTINE FLAG
In current usage, a plain yellow flag (‘Q’ Quebec in the International Code of Signal Flags) that is flown by a vessel arriving in port stating that it is healthy and requires medical clearance or free pratique – a pratique flag but see note below (also ‘International Code of Signal Flags’).

[Quebec signal flag]
Signal Flag Quebec (CS)

Please note, it has been suggested that this flag (but flown to indicate the presence on board of infections disease) has its origins in the late medieval period, however, in British usage it was established with its present meaning (by Act of Parliament) in 1825.


QUARTER
1) A heraldic term for a rectangular panel occupying the upper dexter quarter of a shield or banner of arms but see ‘pointed’ (also also ‘banner of arms’, ‘canton’, ‘dexter’, ‘grand quarter’, ‘quartering’ and ‘quarterly’).
2) A heraldic term for one of the rectangles formed on a shield or banner of arms by the process of quartering (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘canton 3)’, ‘grand quarter’, 'quartering’, 'quartered 1)', ‘quarterly’ and ‘shield 1)’).
3) See ‘quarter the arms’.

[quartered arms]
Arms of Brodnica, Poland (fotw)


QUARTERED
1) In strict (English) heraldic usage the term for where a shield or banner of arms is divided into four or more quarters but which are taken from two or more previously unconnected sets of arms is in, for example, the royal standard of England 1340 – 1605 or France and England quartered - but compare with ‘quarter the arms’ (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘quarter’, ‘quartering’, ‘quarterly’ and ‘shield 1)’)
2) See ‘quarterly’.

[quartered example]  [quartered example]
Royal Standard of England c1399 – 1603); Standard of HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, UK (Graham Bartram)


QUARTERED DIAGONALLY
In vexillology, a phrase that may be used in place of the heraldic term per saltire - see ‘per saltire 1)’.

[quartered diagonally example] [quartered diagonally example]
Jack of the Federated Malay States, 1939 (fotw); Flag of Forquetinha, Brazil (fotw)


QUARTER-FIELD CANTON
A term that may be used when the canton of a flag is of a different design or colour from its field, and which occupies exactly one-quarter of that field (see also ‘canton 2)’).

Samoa Taiwan New Zealand ensign
National Flag of Samoa (fotw); National Flag of Taiwan (fotw); Civil Ensign of New Zealand (fotw)

Please note that this term has been introduced by the Editors as no established existing term could be found.


QUARTERING
1) A heraldic term for the the marshalling (or placing) of two or more coats of arms on a shield or banner of arms in order to form a single escutcheon with four or more divisions, usually by drawing horizontal and vertical lines across it - but see ‘point-in-point’, ‘impale’, ‘inescutcheon’, (also ‘Appendix IV’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘marshalling’, ‘quarter’, 'quartered 1)', ‘quarterly’ and ‘shield 1)’).
2) (v) The act of creating divisions as described above (see also ‘quarter 2)’).

[New Zealand Royal Standard]  [Arms - Košice, Slovakia]  [Flag - Košice, Slovakia]  [Grand Ducal standard - Mecklenburg, Germany]  [Oostrozebecke, Belgium]
Royal Standard, New Zealand (fotw); The Arms and Presidential Flag of Košice, Slovakia (fotw); Grand Ducal Royal Standard Mecklenburg, Germany c1897–1918 (fotw); Flag of Oostrozebecke, Belgium (fotw)

Please note that whilst quarterings are generally (but not exclusively) restricted to four in flags, there is no actual limit to the number that may be employed  (see also ‘canton’).


QUARTERLY
A heraldic term for when the field of a shield, flag or banner of arms is divided horizontally and vertically into four quarters - but see ‘quartered 1)’ (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘canton 3)’, ‘quarter’, ‘quarter the arms’, ‘quartering’ and ‘shield 1)’).

[Maryland]  [Ammerland County] [Ammerland County]
Flag of Maryland, US (fotw)); Arms and Flag of Ammerland County, Germany (fotw)


QUARTER-MOON
See ‘crescent 1)’.

[Antongil, Madagascar]
Flag of Antongil, 1774 – 1786 (fotw)


QUARTER THE ARMS
(v) The heraldic phrase used when a shield or banner of arms, which was formerly impaled, is divided into four, with the previously impaled arms displayed in opposing quarters – see ‘impaled’ and compare with ‘quartered 1)’.

[Castile and Leon] [Castile and Leon]
Arms of Castile and Leon impaled (CS and fotw); Flag of Castile and Leon, Spain with those Arms displayed quarterly (fotw)

Please note that in English heraldic usage the two separate coats of arms of a couple are generally impaled upon marriage, and that these same arms are then displayed quarterly by any children of that union - see ‘quarterly’).

QUATREFOIL
1) In vexillology the term for a charge in the form of a stylized flower or plant with four petals or leaves (see also ‘cinquefoil’ and ‘trefoil’).
2) In heraldry as above, but the charge is almost invariably pierced – a caterfoil (see also ‘pierced 2)’).

quatrefoil example Kilchberg Switzerland Misery-Courtion Switzerland Giffers Switzerland
From left: Quatrefoil example; The Flags of Kilchberg, Misery-Courtion and Giffers, Switzerland (fotw)


QUEEN’S COLOUR (or COLOR)
See ‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.

RAF Queens Colour RAAF Queens Colour
Queen’s Colours of the RAF, UK, and RAAF, Australia


QUEUE FOURCHΙ (or FOURCHΙE)
See ‘double queued’.

Vνtonice, Czech Republic
Flag of Vνtonice, Czech Republic (fotw)


QUEUED
The heraldic term used when the tail of a heraldic beast is shown in a different tincture to the body, or is placed in a position other than bending over its back – cowed - but see ‘coward’ in ‘appendix V’ and ‘double queued’.

QUINAS
The Portuguese term for the five plates or discs with which the five blue escutcheons on the national arms of Portugal are charged (see also ‘disc’ and ‘plates’).

Royal Banner of Portugal 1984 National arms of Portugal National arms of Portugal
Royal Banner of Portugal 1484 (fotw); National Arms of Portugal (fotw)


QUINCUNX
Strictly speaking the arrangement of five objects within a square (or rectangle) – one in the centre and one in each corner - the term is, however, occasionally used to describe a 3-2-3-2-3 arrangement of the stars as sometimes seen on the original pattern of the stars and stripes – but see ‘Betsy Ross flag’ (also ‘continental colours’, ‘eagle standard’, ‘Franklin flag’, ‘great star flags’, ‘old glory’, ‘star-spangled banner’ and ‘stars and stripes’).

[Quincunx flags] [Quincunx flags]
Stars and Stripes 1777 - 1795 (fotw); National Flag of the Solomon Islands (fotw)


QUINTERFOIL (or QUINTEFEUILLE)
See ‘cinquefoil’.

[Quinterfoil example]
Flag of Brno-Komνn, Czech Republic


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