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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Scallop Shell - Scythian Cap)
Last modified: 2020-11-28 by rob raeside
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In heraldry see ‘escallop’.
and Arms of
Morissen, Switzerland (fotw &
1) (adj) Where the edges of a flag are cut into repeated semi-circular shapes
- an indented edge.
2) (adj) The term may also be used when the top edge of a shield is seen with two (or more) semi-circular cut-outs
(see also ‘shield’).
Example; Two Merchant Flags, Portugal 16th/17th Century (fotw)
Please note however, that a division line within
a flag or shield is not scalloped, but is more correctly described as either engrailed
or invected (see ‘engrailed’ and
A cross with arms of equal width, whose horizontal arm runs along the centre
of the flag, but whose vertical arm is off-centred towards the hoist – a Nordic,
or off-centred Cross.
National Flag of
Denmark (fotw); National Flag of Norway
(fotw); National Flag of Iceland (fotw); Flag of the Shetland Islands,
Please note that this term should only be used for those flags which are
from, or have a connection with the Scandinavian region (such as that of the Shetland Islands as illustrated above), otherwise see
‘off-centred cross 2)’
SCANDINAVIAN-TYPE (or SCANDINAVIAN-STYLE) CROSS
See ‘off-centred cross 2)’.
Flag of Stavropol, Russia (fotw)
SCARF (or SCARVES)
The heraldic term for a (or the) small ecclesiastical banner (or banners) fixed to the top of a bishop’s crosier (see
also ‘banderole’), ‘crozier’ and ’stringed’).
Arms of Biberach, Germany (ICH);
Flag and Arms of Opatovice, Czechia (fotw & Wikipedia);
Flag and Arms of Světlá , Czechia (fotw)
SCEPTRE (or SCEPTER)
An ornamental rod or wand, and originally symbolic of a monarch’s temporal power (see also ‘crown’ and
Engelberg, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Montenegro
See 'tugh 1)’ and its following note.
Source: National Music Museum, used with permission
See ‘cross pattée’ and
1) A type of flag, now obsolete, which shows a strip along its top edge
that extends beyond the fly to become a tongue (see also ‘engrailed fly’,
‘stepped fly’ and
2) A form of flag where a triangular tongue extends from the upper fly corner of the flag – but see note a) below.
3) The tail or tongue as described above.
Flag of Zurich c1400, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Tetouan, Morocco 1968 - 1976 (fotw);
Flag of Beni Mellal, Morocco 1968 – 1976 (fotw)
a) With regard to 2), the Editors suggest that the term “tongue”(as referenced above) should be used where this projection forms an integral part of the flag as referenced above and illustrated below.
b) Definition 3) is based upon the original German this term refers only to the tail.
Flag of Wloclawek City, Poland (fotw)
The term for an oriental sword with a single-edged curved blade and plain cross guard, whose blade is often seen widening from hilt to tip – but see ‘sabre’ and its following note.
State Arms of Finland (fotw); Flag and
Virovitica, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of Bengal, India c1865 (fotw);
Charneca, Portugal (fotw)
A term for the representation of an animal or engine-driven device for the lifting of water from one level to another (see also ‘waterwheel’ and ‘windmill).
Flag of Santa Comba, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Friúmes e Paradela, Portugal (ICH & fotw);
Arms and flag of Bensafrim, Portugal (ICH & fotw)
See ‘St Andrew's Cross 2)’.
National flag of Scotland (fotw)
A usually narrow ribbon of varying length and elaboration; it is normally
(but not exclusively) placed below the shield in a set of armorial bearings or
an emblem, and is inscribed with a motto or the name of a state or other
entity – a ribbon – but see ‘ribbon scroll 2)’
(also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
The National Flag and Emblem of
Brunei (fotw); The Flag and Arms of The State of
New Jersey, US (fotw)
See ‘cap of liberty’.
Flag of Pereira, Chile (io9.com)
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