- CROSS OF ANJOU
- See ‘cross of Lorraine’
and its following note.
Flag of Merzig, Germany (fotw)
- CROSS OF ATHLETICS
- The term, and a colloquial translation of the German “turnerkreuz”, which may be used
to describe a cross formed from four capital letter F's and is thus voided – an athletics'
or athletic cross
(see also ‘cross 1)’,
‘cross-voided’ and ‘voided’).
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany
(fotw); Flag of the
Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844, Germany
- CROSS OF AVIS
- See ‘avis cross’.
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Benavente, Portugal (fotw)
- CROSS OF BURGUNDY
- See ‘ragged cross’.
Spanish Infantry Colour c1600 (fotw)
- CROSS OF CALATRAVA
- A symbol of the Spanish Order of Calatrava and a particularly Hispanic form of the cross fleury - an Iberian cross – see
‘cross fleury’ (also ‘avis cross’).
Flag and Arms of Almagro, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag of the Order at
Alcaudete, Spain (fotw); Arms of
Malagón, Spain (fotw &
- CROSS OF CALVARY (or CROSS OF CRUCIFIXION)
- The alternative heraldic terms for a (normally but not exclusively) Latin cross that does not usually (although it may) extend to the edges of a shield, flag, panel or flag, but which is mounted on three steps – a cross of crucifixion,
Calvary cross or Calvary
- see ‘Latin cross’.
Flag of Atalaia e Alto Estanqueiro-Jardia,
Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Madalena, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Alreiro, Portugal (Antonio Martins)
- CROSS OF EIGHT POINTS
- 1) See ‘Maltese cross’
2) A cross which has eight outward facing points, but the sides of whose arms are parallel –
see ‘cross fourche’.
Flag of Portel, Portugal (fotw);
Arms of Pontével, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Mozhginsky District, Russia
- CROSS OF JERUSALEM
- 1) A term occasionally used to describe a cross potent – see ‘cross potent’
2) See ‘Jerusalem cross’.
Flag of the Scouts of San Jordi, France (Ivan Sache);
Arms and Flag of the Kingdom of Jerusalem 1162 – 1191 (Wikipedia
- CROSS OF LORRAINE
- A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently
seen on the arms and alternative national flag of Hungary, the arms and
national flag of Slovakia plus the arms and state flag of Lithuania – a cross
patriarchal, patriarchal cross, archiepiscopal cross or cross of Anjou, a
double or double-armed cross, Jagiellonian cross – but see
‘Vytis cross’ (also
‘national flag 1)’
‘one-and-a-half armed cross’,
‘two-and-a-half armed cross’ and
‘state flag 1)’).
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Arms
and Flag of
Please note that the terms cross of Lorraine, cross of Anjou, cross
patriarchal and archiepiscopal cross are now considered interchangeable, however, in strict usage
the crosses of Lorraine and Anjou (unlike the others) should both have horizontal arms of equal
length. see supplemental note
Cross of Lorraine and of Anjou according to strict usage
- CROSS OF PISA
- A variation of the cross clechee, and (as far as can be discovered) unique to Pisa, which has a white (or argent), twelve-pointed cross with a roundel of the same colour placed at each of those points – compare with
‘occitan cross’ (see also ‘cross 2)’,
‘cross clechée’ and ‘roundel 2)’).
Flag of Pisa, Italy (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST ANDREW
- See ‘St Andrew’s Cross’
National Flag of Scotland (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST ANTHONY
- In heraldry see ‘cross tau’
(also ‘acorn cross’)
Arms and Flag of St. Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland (Wikipedia
- CROSS OF ST GEORGE
- See ‘St George’s Cross’
Flag of England (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST JAMES
- See ‘cross of Santiago’.
Flag and Arms of Algorfa, Spain (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST PATRICK
- See ‘St Patrick’s Cross’
- CROSS OF SANTIAGO
- The sword-like cross of the Spanish/Portuguese Order of St James – a cross fleury fitchy
– see ‘cross fitchy’ and ‘cross fleury’.
Flag and Arms of
Quinta do Conde, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Ferreira do Alentejo, Portugal (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST JAMES
- See ‘Cross of Santiago’
Flag and Arms of Santiago, Portugal (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF SANTO DOMINGO (or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST DOMINIC)
- See ‘Dominican cross’.
Putative Dominican Banner of Arms (fotw); Flag of
Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS OF CHRIST (CROSS OF THE ORDER
OF CHRIST'S KNIGHTS or OF CHRIST)
- A red cross pattée surmounted by a white Greek Cross being the former symbol of the medieval
Iberian Order of the Knights of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Cristo) which now forms the air
force roundel of Portugal, and is often seen on the sub-national flags of both Portugal and Spain
– a Cross of the Order of Christ, a Cross of the Order of Christ's
Knights or a Christ’s Knight’s Cross - but see note below (also ‘cross pattée’,
‘Greek Cross 2)’,
‘roundel 1)’, ‘surmounted by’
Madeira, Portugal (fotw); Arms of
Ladoeiro, Portugal (fotw); Flag of
Lourosa, Portugal (fotw); Air Force Roundel, Portugal
a) This not a voided cross, but is properly described in heraldic terms as “a cross pattée Gules surmounted by a
cross-couped Argent” - as described and referenced above.
b) Later variants may be based upon a Latin rather that a Greek Cross as
in the examples shown below (see ‘Latin cross’).
Cross and Star of the Brazilian Order of Christ (Wiki);
Arms of Guetim, Portugal (Sergio Horta); Flag of
Săo Paulo, Brazil (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
- See ‘templar cross’.
A Templar Cross (Wikipedia)
- CROSS OF (THE ORDER OF) ST JOHN OF JERUSALEM
- See ‘Maltese cross’.
Flag of St John's Ambulance Brigade, (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Ivanec, Croatia (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE PORTUGUESE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
- See ‘rounded cross’.
Putative Banner of the Portuguese Knights Templar (fotw); Arms and Flag of Outeiro Major, Portugal (Sérgio Horta)
- CROSS OF TOULOUSE
- See ‘Occitan cross’.
Flag and Arms of Languedoc, France (fotw &
- CROSS OF VICTORY
- In Spanish, particularly Asturian, usage, a form of the cross bottony (most often a Latin cross bottony)
– see ‘cross botonny’ and
Flag and Arms of Asturias, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag of
Gozón, Spain (fotw)