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Efeler (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2020-09-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: efeler | çeştepe | dalama | ovaeymir | tepecik | umurlu |
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[Flag]

Flag of Efeler - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 27 November 2019


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Flag of Efeler

The district municipality of Efeler was previously known as the district municipality of Aydın.
The flag of Efeler (photo, photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey". "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

The emblem was unveiled on 4 November 2019.
The upper part of the logo represents the symbolic value of Turkish culture.
The lower part represents the ruins of the ancient town of Tralles.
The lyre, an ancient Greek music instrument, symbolizes the Seikilos epitaph.
[Municipal website]

The "cultural symbol" represent the raised arms of a zeybek dancer. Such a dancer is featured on the former emblem of Efeler and on the emblem of Tavas.
Efeler is the plural form of efe, a synonym of zeybek, who were, originally, outlaws hiding in the mountains and struggling against the Ottoman administration. During the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922), they organized several guerillas against the Greek forces and were progressively incorporated in the new Turkish army. Their main leaders were rewarded with pensions and considered as heroes of the independence.

The Zeybek practices were a continuation of a long tradition of wrighting the wrongs. The Zeybeks wore distinctive clothing to make certain that they were easily identifiable. That, too, was part of the code of conduct of the Zeybeks. It was necessary for the general population to know, with certainty, that the Zeybeks were involved in meting out justice. That, in turn, ensured that the Zeybeks received help from the same populace when needed. The term, perhaps, is traceable to the 13th century. When a Turkish polity arrived in the western reaches of Asia Minor, they were referenced by the Byzantine sources in a fashion, as the lords of the seashore.
There were numerous "justice" movements in the Eastern parts of the landmass, between the 13th and 19th centuries. It was not until the 19th century that the western reaches caught fire. There were a long list of reasons and culprits against to rail. And the Zeybeks did just that. But while the movement and the groups collectively were known as Zeybek, the head of a group of Zeybeks had a special name: Efe. This word could not be contradicted, as the Efe bore the responsibility in enforcing the Zeybek rules.
[H.B. Paskoy. 2005. Views of the "outlaw concept" in comparative perspective. Pp. 54-60 in Lectures on Central Asia]

The emblem features the ruins of the bath-gymnasium of Tralles.
Tralles was founded, it is said, by the Argians and Thracians, and is situated on one of the slopes of Mount Messogis in the valley of the Meander; it was one of the most populous and richest cities of Lydia. King Attalus had a splendid palace there.
Tralles was destroyed by an earthquake but was rebuilt by Augustus and took the name of Caesarea. Christianity was introduced at a very early date. In his famous letter to the Church at Tralles, St. Ignatius of Antioch says that their bishop, Polybius, visited him at Smyrna, and he puts them on their guard against Docetism.
Towards 1270 Andronicus, son of Michael VIII Palaeologus, rebuilt and repeopled the city; it then numbered 36,000 inhabitants, but it was not long before it was retaken and demolished by the Turks. The emir Aydin then gave it the name which it still bears.
[ Catholic Encyclopedia]

The Seikilos epitaph is an epitaph of the 2nd century BC or later inscribed on stone for the wife of one Seikilos and discovered in Tralles. It includes one of the few surviving examples of the music of ancient Greece.
[The Harvard Dictionary of Music]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 2 August 2020


Former flag of Efeler

[Flag]

Flag of Efeler - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 25 February 2015

The former flag of Efeler was white with the municipality's former emblem. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey". "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 25 February 2015


Former district municipality of Aydın

[Flag]

Flag of Aydın - Image by Jens Pattke, 15 October 2012

The flag of Aydın was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 16 October 2012


Former municipalities

Çeştepe

[Flag]

Flag of Çeştepe - Image by Jens Pattke, 29 September 2013

The flag of Çeştepe was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 20 August 2013


Dalama

[Flag]

Flag of Dalama - Image by Jens Pattke, 29 September 2013

The flag of Dalama (photo) was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 20 August 2013


Ovaeymir

[Flag]

Flag of Ovaeymir - Image by Jens Pattke, 29 September 2013

The flag of Ovaeymir (photo) was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 20 August 2013


Tepecik

[Flag]

Flag of Tepecik - Image by Jens Pattke, 29 September 2013

The former municipality of Tepecik (3,714 inhabitants in 2012) is located south-east of Aydın.

The flag of Tepecik was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem features a brickyard and a plane taking off.

Brick and tile kilns were established by Rom families living in the town until the Turkish War of Independence. At the time, 100 million of Tepecik bricks were produced every year. The modernization of building technology caused the decline of brick industry, which has survived via the traditional production of bricks sold for decorative purpose.
The Aydın-Çıldır airport was inaugurated in 1993. Turkish Airlines was transferred the operation of the airport in 2012 by the State Airports Authority.

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 25 March 2016


Umurlu

[Flag]

Flag of Umurlu - Image by Jens Pattke, 29 September 2013

The flag of Umurlu was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 20 August 2013