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Brittany (France): Associative movements

Last modified: 2013-12-19 by ivan sache
Keywords: bleimor | cross: scandinavian (black) | cross: celtic | circle (yellow) | breizh positive | ermines: 11 (black) | gwenn-ha-du | homo atao | kanabreizh | cannabis | ermines: 7 (black) | rainbow flag |
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Bleimor (Seadog)

[Bleimor]         [Other Bleimor flag]

Flags of Bleimor - Images by Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

Founded on 9 January 1946 by P. Géraud-Keraod on the model of Urz Goanag Breiz, the scout movement Belimor it merged in 1962 with the the Federation of European Scouting.
According to P. Rault (Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]), the flag of Bleimor is green with a yellow circle and an off-centred black cross fimbriated white, the whole representing a Celtic cross. Rectangular as well as triangular flags were used.
The movement also used a white flag with a black cross voided through and seven black ermine spots in canton. The ermine spots had an unusual art déco pattern (a triangle, one vertical and two horizontal dashes).

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

Breizh Positive

[Breizh Positive]

Flag of Breizh Positive - Image by Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

The youth movement Breizh Positive was founded in 1996 to promote a "free, egalitarian and fraternal Brittany". The movement's motto is "Colouring the Gwenn-ha-Du".
According to P. Rault (Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]), they use the Raga Breizh, originally designed by the students' syndicate Dazont (Future). The horizontal stripes of the flag are, from top to bottom:
- yellow, to represent the richness of Breton language and culture;
- red, to represent the social struggle and solidarity;
- purple, to represent equality between men and women;
- blue, to represent democracy and Europe;
- green, to represent ecology.

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

Homo Atao

[Homo Atao]         [Homo Atao]

Homo Atao, two versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 30 October 2008

The Homo Atao flag, representing the Breton gays and lesbians, was designed in February 1997 by Jacaues Ars, on the model of the Rainbow Flag. It has six horizontal stripes, from top to bottom, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple. A white canton is charged with the eleven ermine spots of the Gwenn-ha-Du, which are coloured according to the neighbouring stripe. The flag indeed exists in two versions, with the canton either white or black. The version of the flag with the white canton was seen in 1997 during the Gay Pride parade in Paris, according to P. Rault (Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]).
Homo Atao is a registered trademark of the bar La Bernique Hurlante, located at Rennes and owned by J. Ars.
Jacques Ars wrote on 19 August 2004 that he got the idea of the design during a meting of the Lesbian and Gay Pride Collective at Rennes. Homo Atao means in Breton "Gay forever". Ars was originally worried by a possible confusion with Breizh Atao (Breizh forever), the name of reviews edited by the Breton nationalists before and during the Second World War, often associated with collaboration with the German occupant; however, it seems that Breizh Atao is no longer associated with these historical movements.

Ivan Sache, 30 October 2008



Kanabreizh - Image by Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

According to P. Rault (Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]), the Kanabreizh flag was used by Breton partisans of liberalization of cannabis use, seen during a demonstration on 1 March 1998 in Nantes. It is a Gwenn-ha-Du with the ermine spots replaced by black cannabis leaves.

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999