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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Invected - Italian Shield)
Last modified: 2022-04-02 by rob raeside
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- INVECTED (INVECKED or INVECQUED)
- (adj) The alternative heraldic terms used when a division in the field of a banner of arms or
shield, or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of projecting curves or half
circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing outward and the points
inward - invecked, envecked, or invecqued - see ‘engrailed’
(also ‘armorial bearings’,
‘banner of arms’,
‘coat of arms’,
Flag of Oberhof, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and
Flag of Vestre Slidre, Norway (fotw)
- 1) On flags a term which may be used when a charge or charges, that are (or that
may be) orientated vertically, are shown as being turned upside down (see also
- 2) In heraldry see ‘reversed 2)’.
Flag and Arms of Cirkulane, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Knjaževac, Serbia (fotw)
- INVERTED CHEVRON
- See ‘chevron 1)’ and
Flag of Birżebbuġa, Malta (fotw)
- INVERTED PALL
- See ‘pall 1)’.
Flag of Kråkerøy, Norway (fotw)
- INVERTED PILE
- See ‘pile 1)’.
Flag of Šárovcova Lhota, Czechia (fotw)
- INVERTED TRIANGLE
- See ‘triangle 2)’.
A Gay Triangle Flag (fotw)
- IRISH SALTIRE
- See ‘St. Patrick's Cross’ and its following note..
- IRON CROSS
- The term (derived from an originally Prussian later German military decoration)
that describes a distinctly Germanic form of the cross pattee – see
‘cross pattée’ and
‘Teutonic cross’ (also
Naval Jack 1903–1919 (fotw);
Iron Cross 1813, Prussia (Wikipedia);
Flag of the Defense Minister 1933-1935, Germany (fotw)
a) The above term should only be used when the cross
pattée being described is black, carries a white or silver border and/or is of Germanic origin.
b) Although based upon a military decoration this cross was ultimately derived from the symbol of the Medieval Teutonic Order as referenced above.
- ISSUANT (or ISSANT)
- The alternative heraldic terms used when a charge emerges out of the base of a field or a chief, from an ordinary
or from the upper edge of a fess, or from a coronet. – issant – but see note below and ‘naissant 1)’ (also
‘coronet 1)’ and
Flag of Gempenach, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms of Santiago, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Langnau im Emmental, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that in modern heraldry the term for a charge or figure
emerging from the side of a shield, banner of arms or a flag is naissant - see
- ITALIAN PROVINCIAL CROWN
- See ‘provincial crown 1)’.
Flag and Arms of Alessandria, Italy (fotw and
- ITALIAN SHIELD
- The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below -
a horse-head shield (also ‘heart-shaped shield
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.
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