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San Martín Department, Corrientes Province, Argentina

Last modified: 2021-12-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: san martín department | corrientes province | argentina |
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[municipal flag] image by Ivan Sache, 7 May 2017

The municipality of Yapeyú (2,126 inhabitants in 2010) is located on river Uruguay, here the border with Brazil, 400 km south-east of Corrientes.

Yapeyú was established on 4 February 1627 by the Jesuit fathers Pedro Romero and Nicolás Mastrilli Durán, as a mission named Nuestra Señora de los Santos Reyes Magos de Yapeyú / Nuestra Señora de los Tres Reyes de Yapeyú. The mission counted up to 7,000 Guarani inhabitants.
Yapeyú is the birth place of General José Francisco de San Martín (1778-1850), the Liberator of Argentina and the Founder of the Republic of Peru (1821).

The flag of Yapeyú is vertically divided celestial blue-white-ochre yellow with the municipal coat of arms in the middle.

The flag of Yapeyú was unveiled on 28 June 2011 in the Yellow Room of the Government Palace. Selected among 112 proposals, the flag refers to General San Martín, to the Society of Jesus and to the French colonists.
Celestial blue and white are the national colours, bequeathed by Manuel Belgrano.
Ochre yellow represents the colonial style at the time of the independence, proudly exemplified by the Buenos Aires Cabildo [the site of the administration during the colonial period] and the Casa de Tucumán [the site of the Argentine declaration of independence], and mostly, the name given to the place by the Guarani since the beginning of their history. In Guarani, "yapeyú" means "the place near the yellow river".

The coat of arms is divided in four quarters fimbriated in yellow.
The first quarter features on a white field the coat of arms of Nuestra Señora de los Santos Reyes de Yapeyú (Our Lady of the Holy Kings of Yapeyú), the original name given to the place by its Jesuit founders.
The second quarter is made of the French flag (vertically divided blue-white-red) with a golden yellow cog wheel and wheat spike, recalling the contribution of the French colonists to the progress of the town.
The third quarter shows a carpet with a Tupi-Guarani "guarda" and the silhouette of a native warrior holding a bow and arrow in the right hand.
The fourth quarter shows the emblem of the Society of Jesus on a "baroque claret" background.
The shield is surmounted by a golden rising sun with straight and curved rays and surrounded by laurel boughs, standing on a wooden baroque Guarani sculpture. Beneath the shield is a scroll horizontally divided celestial blue-white-celestial blue.
The shape and colours of the shield, as well as the sun and the laurel boughs, recall the national coat of arms, highlighting the belonging of Yapeyú to Argentina.

Ivan Sache, 7 May 2017