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Moss, Østfold (Norway)

Last modified: 2015-10-30 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: moss | norway | ostfold |
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[Flag of Moss]
image by Tomislav Šipek, 21 October 2015

See also:

The Flag

Here is flag of Moss.
Tomislav Šipek, 20 October 2015

I corrected flag and coat of arms of Moss.
(Note: but I still see a black eye on the flag regardless of the rules: )
Tomislav Šipek, 21 October 2015

Coat of Arms

[COA of Moss]
image by Tomislav Šipek, 21 October 2015

Based on [c2j87]:
The Norwegian blazon is: En gull kråke på rød bunn, that would be: Gules a crow or.
The coat of arms and the flag were approved by the royal resolution of 2 April 1954 after a drawing by Chr. Stenersen. (According to the Big Norwegian Lexicon, Christian Stenersen 1899-1984, born in Moss, was set designer, painter and graphical artist, known for painting old buildings in Moss)
The city got its first seal in 1786, following the independence from the neighbouring Fredrikstad - depicting a cityscape in an oval field. In the first half of the 19th century a new seal added birds around the church tower of the cityscape, and eventually this was stared to  be used in a red shield, depicting a blue oval with the city and birds.
In 1930's a proper coat of arms was started to be considered, and the traditional seal was looked for inspiration. The characteristic was the birds - although they were originally considered to be pigeons, and that was not to the citizen's liking. The crow design from the local theatre (where Sternsen was the set designer) were found to be appropriate - since a traditional nickname for the Moss citizens was "Mossekråker" - the Moss crows.
BTW, cf. at
The 1820's city seal
The ca. 1930's city arms based on the seal
And also BTW, here is the Stavanger city seal, that I was writing in the last message.
Finally, a minor, nitpicking, point about the drawing - the black eye of the crow should, IMHO, in this representation be red. The coat of arms/flag here, like in many other Norwegian examples, might have black outlines around the charges or they may be omitted (and for the flag, it would be logical that they are omitted indeed) - but in that case, there is no need for introduction of a third colour.
Željko Heimer, 20 October 2015