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Kadazan Dusun, Malaysia

Last modified: 2023-06-03 by zachary harden
Keywords: malaysia | sabah | kdca | upko |
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[Kadazan Dusun, Malaysia] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 14 April 2009

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Description of the flag

The largest ethnic group in the Malaysian state of Sabah (northern Borneo) constituting about 54 % of the total population and numbering @ 755 000. Some Dusuns live also in Brunei Darussalam. Ethnically, the combined collection of closely related ethnic and linguistic groups known as Kadazandutsun are related to the Moros of the southern Philippines, but historically and religiously they are distinct. Majority of Kadazandusuns are Christian with smaller numbers of Muslims and animists. There is a serious conflict between the government of Malaysia and Kadazandusuns about the policy of preferences for Muslims, immigration, altering the ethnic composition of the  state, and unfulfilled promises for greater autonomy for the natives.
More on them at:

James B.Minahan (Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations - Ethnic and National Groups Around the World - volume II) shows and describes the flag as "The Kadazan flag, the flag of the national movement, is a vertical tricolor of blue, white and red."
Just like France. I couldn't find any other evidence to corroborate this claim.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 14 April 2009

Kadazandusun and Murut political party - UPKO

[Kadazandusun and Murut political party - UPKO, Malaysia] image by Valentin Poposki, March 25, 2007

"The United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) is a political party based in Sabah, east Malaysia. It is an ethnically-based party striving to voice the rights and advance the development of Kadazan-Dusun and Murut population of Sabah. The party started as "Parti Demokrat Sabah" (PDS), which was founded by Bernard Giluk Dompok and other leaders who branched out from Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) soon after the State Election in 1994. Later it was renamed UPKO. This new UPKO has no relation with the original United Pasok Momogun Kadazan Organization (also known by the acronym UPKO), which was formed in May 1964, by a combination of the Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Kadazan Bersatu (United Kadazan National Organisation - UNKO, originally founded by the first Chief Minister of Sabah, Dato Donald Stephans in August 1961), and the Pertubuhan Pasok Momogun Bersatu (United Pasok Momogun Organisation, formed in January 1962 by Orang Kaya Kaya Datuk G. S. Sundang). UPKO is one of the component parties in the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. The name of the new UPKO includes the words "Kadazandusun" and "Murut", and the logo is no longer a water buffalo but a silhouette of Mount Kinabalu. It is also believed by many political observers that the "Kadazandusun nationalism" which was apparent in the old UPKO is not really present in the new UPKO." Wikipedia

Mount Kinabalu (4,095 m) is the tallest mountain in Malaysia and the third tallest in Southeast Asia. It is also shown on the state flag of Sabah.
Ivan Sache, 25 March 2007

Kadazandusun Cultural Association Sabah - KDCA

[Kadazandusun Cultural Association Sabah - KDCA, Malaysia] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 14 April 2009

The largest Kadazandusun organization - KDCA - (Kadazandusun Cultural Association Sabah) whose chairman, Huguan Siou Datuk Joseph Pairin Kitingan, is considered the Paramount Leader of the Kadazandusun Nation (buguan siou) has a flag of its own, which I managed to reconstruct. It is yellow with the association's shield shifted toward the hoist.
KDCA website is at
Chrystian Kretowicz, 14 April 2009