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Liguria Republic (1797-1814) (Italy)

Last modified: 2020-07-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: italy | liguria | liguria republic |
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by António Martins, 23 February 2002

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Liguria Republic existed from 14 June 1797 to May 1800, From 24 June 1800 to June 1805 and from 28 April 1814 to December 1814. It used the same flag as Genoa Republic (white with red saint George cross) as it is quoted in the constitution of 26 June 1802 and in the laws of 28 July 1814, but it is not quoted in the Constitution of 2 December 1798 (but exist a quotation to "the old banner").
Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

Roberto Breschi, in his presantation: "Flags in Italy under Napoleon's pressure" at ICV 20 in Stockholm, reported about the Republic of Liguria: It replaced the Republic of Genoa in 1797 but kept its flag of red St. George cross on white.
Dov Gutterman, 4 August 2003

Other Reported Flags

I know about two flags:

by Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

White flag with arms (white border decorate oval with red cross, supported by two griffin) reported by Zigiotto, in use c. 1797.

by Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

Green flag with red triangle at hoist pointed to the fly (witout touch the top and botton flag) reported by Louis Loynes and dated 1797-1805.
Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

by Marc Pasquin, 9 May 2005

In the book "Chronicle of the french revolution" (p. 569) can be seen an image with the caption "proclamation of the ligurian republic in genoa on june 14th" (a period illustration). Behind the people dancing can be seen, tied to a tree, 2 crossed flags: on the left a plain red flag although by blowing it up I saw some writing that looks like: "Libertat, Equagliunqa, fratellanqa", appear to be "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" in the local dialect. Below soemthing winding with "1797" (probably the date).   The one on the right is white with, occupying most of the field, 2 red hippogryphs rampant facing one another with an elongated red cross patty between them. Basicaly, the Coat of Arms with the crown and shield removed and the cross enlarged to fit between the 2 supporters. If it realy existed (and wasn't simply an invention of the illustrator) This would have allowed the genoese to keep their traditional symbols whitout looking too royalist. Its obviously related to the first reported flag of Jaume Ollé.
Marc Pasquin, 9 May 2005