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Florence - Historical Flags (Italy)


Last modified: 2020-07-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: italy | florence | firenze | tuscany | toscana | florence republic |
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Pre-1251 Flag

image by Andre' Serranho

image by Jorge Candeas, 31 May 2005

The fleur-de-lys ("giglio") is the symbol of the city since its foundation (ca. 1000), maybe to establish a connection with its Roman name, FLORENTIA. In 1251 the Ghibellins, former rulers in exile, have united under this ensign.
Andre' Serranho

Post-1251 Flag

image by Andre' Serranho

The victorious Guelfs wanted to show their distance from the defeated Ghibellins, therefore inverted the colours, which perdured till nowadays.
Andre' Serranho

People's Flag

image by Andre' Serranho

Republic's Flag

image by Andre' Serranho

Medici Dinasty Flag

image by Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

About Florence Republic, it was reported about a traditional flag: white and red vertical. People flag (Bandiera di Popoli) was white with red cross. The first reported City flag was red with white lys. Later is reported white with red lys. The republic used red flag with white cross. This is the Medici dinasty (1550-1749) white flag with shield
Jaume Ollé, 13 October 1998

Flag According to Book of all Kingdoms (late 14th Cent.)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 January 2010

The 28th flag mentioned and illustrated in the Book of All Kingdoms [e9s50] is attributed to Florence. This as depicted in the 2005 spanish illustrated transcription [e9s05], a white flag with a red cross throughout, shown in the ogival default shape of this source. (Identical to the 3rd flag of it: Bayonne).
The anonymous author of [e9s50] describes the flag thusly: "El señor d’ella á por señales un pendón blanco con una cruz bermeja atal" (Its lord has for sign a white pendon with a red cross like this).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 15 November 2007