Last modified: 2013-10-07 by ian macdonald
Keywords: national socialist council of nagaland | nagaland | nscn |
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image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 March 2009
The armed insurrection of the Nagas against Indian central government began
in 1956, others say already during WWII, when British forces fought against
Japan. Today various groups are fighting against the government of India and
against each other as well. The NSCN was established in 1980 and split into
NSCN-IM (Isak-Muivah faction) and NSCN-K (Khaplang faction) in 1988. IM is
derived from the leaders of that wing Isak Chisi Swu and Th. Muivah, K from its
leader S.S. Khaplang. NSCN was the successor of NNC(Nagaland National Council).
The NSCN is fighting for an “entire Greater Nagaland” incl. Nagaland and 4
districts in Manipur (Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel, Tamengong) and two districts in
Arunachal Pradesh (Tirap, Changlang), where is the operation area of the
council, based on Maoist ideology. NSCN also claims that neighbouring areas of
Assam and Myanmar are parts of Greater Nagaland. NSCN-IM is based on the clan of
Tangkhuls, while NSCN-K is based on that one of Konyaks.
NSCN and before NNC were banned under the Prevention of Unlawful Activities Act from 1967. In 2004 NSCN had estimated 2000 fighters. I found an image, showing young NSCN-IM fighters making music. One boy wore a shawl around its head and upon his guitar there was a sticker, showing a badge. But I wasn’t sure, whether the shawl should be considered as a flag. Furthermore NSCN was said to be a pioneer of using the web for its targets. But on their page www.nscnonline.org I only found images of the celestial blue “rainbow and star flag”. But recently I saw an update showing the “shawl flag” hoisted in front of Somdal Baptist church.
Description of flag:
It is a green over white over green horizontal triband having pinkish fimbriations between the stripes.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 March 2009
This flag is not related with the NSCN, but is probably a religious flag. I
also made a great amplification of the original photo and the supposed
fimbriations don’t seem to be.
Jaume Ollé, 8 August 2013
I don't know, whether I posted another photo with guerillas wearing the flags
as shawls. It was taken from an Indian weekly from 2004, unfortunately not
mentioning which faction it was (the faction is a mere presumption and there
should probably be a word of caution here). I agree with Jaume insofar as
usually the blue flag with a rainbow is to be found widespread in the internet.
This flag might be doubtful, but its too early to delete.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 11 September 2013