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Livadeia (Municipality, Greece)


Last modified: 2014-11-15 by ivan sache
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Flag of Livadeia, two versions - Images by Olivier Touzeau, 19 April 20143

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Presentation of Livadeia

The municipality of Livadeia, also known as Levadeia (Λεβάδεια) or Leivadia (Λειβαδιά) (31,315 inhabitants in 2011; 69,402 ha) is the capital of the regional unit of Boeotia. The municipality is made since the 2011 local government reform of the merger of the former municipalities of Chaeronea (Χαιρώνεια, 2,218 inh.), Davleia (Δαύλεια, 1,686 inh.), Koroneia (Κορώνεια, 3,170 inh.), Kyriaki (Κυριάκι, 2,298 inh.), and Livadeia (22,779 inh.).

According to Pausanias (2nd century AD), the original name of the city was Mideia, and it took its name from Lebados of Athens, who moved the city from high to low ground, on the banks of the Herkyna river. The sacred protector of the city was the hero/god Trophonios: at the springs of the Herkyna river is said to be the site of his famous oracle. In medieval times the river was lined by a series of water mills, one of which is preserved.
On the hill above is a small medieval castle, mostly the work of the Catalan Company during the 14th century. Further west are the remains of a large temple of Zeus Basileus, perhaps begun in the 3rd century BC but never completed. The cathedral church of St. George houses an important relic, a head of St. George, translated to Venice in the 15th century but restored to Livadeia as a gesture of interfaith cooperation in 1999.

Olivier Touzeau, 29 April 2014

Flag of Livadeia

The flag (Kokkonis website) of the former municipality of Livadeia was white with the main element of the emblem of the municipality, which must portray nymph Herkyna in Herkyna river.
A flag with the name of the municipality was in use in 2012 by the new municipality (photo, no longer online).

Olivier Touzeau, 29 April 2014