Last modified: 2013-01-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: salonica | thessalonica | alexander the great | coin | anchor: fouled (yellow) | cross (blue) |
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Flag of Salonica - Image by Pascal Vagnat, 10 February 2006
The municipality of Salonica (332,400 inhabitants in 2011) is the capital of the Greek Macedonia. The town is located on the Gulf of Salonica, which opens on the Aegean Sea.
Between 1204 and 1224, Salonica was the capital of a Latin kingdom. From 1430 to 1913, the town was under Ottoman domination. During the First World War, Salonica hosted the headquarters of the Eastern Allied Forces. The Jewish community of Salonica, one of the most important in Europe, was exterminated by the Nazis during the Second World War.
Ivan Sache, 27 January 2002
A new town flag was adopted in early 2006 by the Municipla Council, during the preparation of the bid of Salonica for the 2016 World Expo (ANA news agency).
The flag is vertically divided white-blue with in the middle a yellow disk charged with the likeness of Alexander the Great. The emblem seems to have been drawn after a coin or a medal.
The flag was designed by the architect Ms. Efi Seira. The crenate top of the white part of the flag represents the fortifications of the city.
According to the newspaper Ekathimerini, 4 February 2006, the likeness of Alexander the Great has been shown on all the municipal flags used in Salonica since 1984.
Ivan Sache, Pascal Vagnat & Paraskevas Renesis, 10 February 2006
Nautical Club of Salonica
Burgee of NC Salonica - Image by Ivan Sache, 27 January 2002
The burgee of the NC Salonica (Ναυτικός Όμιλος Θεσσαλονίκης, website) is dark blue with a light blue cross. In the middle of the cross is a dark blue disc bearing a yellow fouled anchor surrounded by the Greek letters "N", "O" and "Θ". This is probably the acronym of the yacht club name. All the elements of the burgee are fimbriated in yellow.
Ivan Sache, 27 January 2002
Club of the Friends of the Sea
Burgee of OFTH - Image by Ivan Sache, 27 January 2002
OFTH (Omilos Philon Thalasses, Club of the Friends of the Sea, website ), based at Salonica, has rowing, sailing, swimming, waterpolo and diving sections.
Every year since 1957, the club organizes in Salonica the watersports festival Danioleia, as a tribute to Antonios Daniolos (1911-1942), Commander of the submarine Triton sunk by the German in the Straits of Kafireas on 16 November 1942.
The burgee of OFTH is horizontally divided white-light blue with a darker blue triangle place along the hoist and the stylized initials Ο Φ Θ.
Ivan Sache, 19 December 2009
Flag of "Salonica" in the "Book of All Kingdoms" - Image by Eugene Ipavec, 21 December 2007
The "Book of All Kingdoms" [f0fXX], of
1350, tells the voyages of an anonymous Castilian friar and is
illustrated with 113 flag images, referred to (though seldom described) in
The 94th flag mentioned and illustrated in the "Book of All Kingdoms" [f0fXX] is attributed to Salonica.
The 2005 Spanish illustrated transcription of the "Book" [f0f05] shows a red flag with a yellow cross throughout, each of its quarters being taken by a yellow chain link (the bottom fly one round and the other squarish); the flag is shown in the ogival default shape of this source. The flag is identical to three other flags in this source (96th, 97th and 103rd), all related to the Byzantine Empire.
The anonymous author of the "Book" describes the flag thusly:
E el rey d'esta Salonico h&aaacute; por señales un pendón bermejo con una cruz de oro e cuatro eslabones de oro d'esta manera (The King of Salonica has for his device a red flag with a yellow cross and four chain links).
This design, of course, is based on the four-B Byzantine emblem, which is widespead in the area.
António Martins, 17 December 2007