Last modified: 2017-08-11 by ivan sache
Keywords: hauts-de-seine |
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Flag of Hauts-de-Seine - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 20 May 2017
Ivan Sache, 15 November 2009
Traditional province: Île-de-France
Bordering departments: Paris, Yvelines, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Val-d'Oise
Area: 176 km2
Population (2006): 1,532,000 inhabitants
Sous-préfectures: Antony, Boulogne-Billancourt
Subdivisions: 3 arrondissements, 45 cantons, 36 communes.
The department is named after the heights (hauts) of river Seine.
The Law of 10 July 1964 on the reorganization of the region of Paris, with effect on 1 January 1968, suppressed the departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. The department of Hauts-de-Seine was made of 27 municipalities from Seine and 9 municipalities from Seine-et-Oise.
Ivan Sache, 15 November 2009
Following the 2015 reform, the logo of the Hauts-de-Seine department was changed and the words “Conseil général” were replaced by “Le Département”. The flag of Hauts-de-Seine (photo, photo) is white with the horizontal version of the logo, with the name on the right of the green emblem.
Olivier Touzeau, 20 May 2017
Historical lag of Hauts-de-Seine
First flag of Hauts-de-Seine - Image by Jaume Ollé, 20 August 2013
The first flag of Hauts-de-Seine was derived from the department's coat of arms, designed by Georges Weill (interview), the first Director of the Archives of the Department, as "Azure a fleur-de-lis or a lymphad argent a chief argent a fess wavy azure".
G. Weill was asked to design a coat of arms for the department by the
first Prefet of Hauts-de-Seine, Claude Boitel. Weill had a degree from
Écoles des Chartes, the national school for archival studies
and paleography, but lacked experience in heraldry. He drafted the coat
of arms after having consulted heraldry books and one of his fellows
from École des Chartes who had specialized in heraldry.
Searching for the coats of arms officially adopted by the municipalities incorporated in the new department, Weill found that the only geographical link between Gennevilliers, the northernmost municipality, and Antony, the southernmost one, was river Seine (via its tributary the Bièvre, today mostly gone underground due to urban development works).
Weill's first draft had in chief a fess wavy, from the coat of arms of Nanterre, the capital of the department, representing river Seine. The field of the shield was quartered and charged with attributes from the coat of arms of the main towns of the department: a lymphad for Boulogne-Billancourt, symbolizing the location of the town on the Seine, bezants for Antony, and a horn from the arms of Sèvres. The quarters also reflected that nine municipalities of the new department, including Sévres, were formerly in the department of Seine-et-Oise, whereas the remaining ones were formerly in the department of Seine. The fourth quarter was charged with a fleur-de-lis to recall that the department historically belonged to the domain of the Capetian kings and that a fleur-de-lis was shown on the coat of arms of the royal abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, in Paris, whose Abbott was made lord of Antony by Charlemagne.
The Prefet asked Weill to propose two simplified drafts, one with the attributes of the municipalities of Boulogne-Billancourt and Antony, the other one with the horn of Sèvres instead of the bezants.
On 1 June 1970, the General Council adopted a modified version of Weill's first new proposal. The red (gules) field of the coat of arms of Boulogne-Billancourt was changed to blue (azure).
Ivan Sache 14 January 2004
Flag of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine - Image by Ivan Sache, 20 August 2013
The flag of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine was white with the
logo adopted in in 2011.
A public survey realized in 2009 by the BVA agency revealed that the former logo of the General Council was ill-perceived by the inhabitants of the department. Moreover, the symbolic of numeral "92" has lost its significance since the implementation of the new car license plates, which no longer show the department's number. Accordingly, the General Council decided to adopt a completely different logo, which would include both the name of the institution and references to the territory.
The new logo of the General Council, designed by the Pixelis agency,
was inaugurated on 29 April 2011 (Neuilly Journal, 1 May 2011; Modem Colombes blog, 1 May 2011).
According to Patrick Devedjian, President of the General Council, "the green colour, in general, is suitable to represent a striking living environment located close to Paris (45% of the department's territory is made of parks and forests), as well as exemplary efforts for development and preservation of the environment".
The white element within the green diamond is an "accurate representation of the geographical territory of the department".
The blue colour used for the lettering represents river Seine. The lack of capital letters in the lettering "hauts-de-seine" is deliberate, in order to match the usage in new technologies.
Ivan Sache, 20 August 2013
Former flag of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine - Image by Ivan Sache, 20 August 2013
A white and blue representation of the coat of arms of the department was used after 1982 in the flag of the General Council, which also bears number "92" (code of the departement).
[Lucien Philippe. Les drapeaux de la région d'Île-de-France. Emblèmes et pavillons [eep], No.17, January 1989]
Jaume Ollé, 26 December 1997
Flag of Paris La Défense - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 19 May 2017
Paris La Défense is a major business district just west of the town limits
of Paris, spread across the municipality of Courbevoie and including too parts of the communes of Puteaux and Nanterre, and, since 2010, La Garenne-Colombes.
The district has 560 ha of area, 180,000 daily workers, 3,500,000 m2 of office space. Around the Grande Arche and the Esplanade, La Défense contains many of the Paris urban area's tallest skyscrapers.
La Défense is primarily a business district but it has too a population of 25,000 permanent residents and 45,000 students.
The EPAD (Établissement public d'aménagement de la La Défense - La La Défense Management & Development Office) was created in 1958 and the first buildings were built in the 1960ies.
Since 2009, the Établissement public de gestion du quartier d'affaires de la Établissement (EPGD), renamed Defacto in 2010, maintains public spaces and ensures the promotion and animation of la Défense, while the EPAD, which has been renamed Établissement public d'aménagement de la Défense Seine Arche (EPADESA), with a wider territorial scope, is in charge of the development and the strategy.
Defacto installedi n 2015 the first flag of the district.
The masts were desperately destitute of their flags. After many years of absence, Defacto has just installed brand new French, European and Paris La Défense flags in the business district.
In all there are fourteen flags that now float in the sky of La Défense installed :
- on the one hand at the foot of the Grande Arche with three European flags, three French flags and two flags of Paris Défense;
- and on the other hand in the patio on the Esplanade, between Place de La Défense and the Agam Basin, with two flags of each category.
[Press release, 18 July 2015]
Olivier Touzeau, 19 May 2017