Last modified: 2018-11-25 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: colombia |
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Editorial Remark: It must be noted that all the opinions are of the authors and not of FOTW. Our site is non-political and concentrates only on vexillological issues.
During April 21, 22 and 23, 2012 a massive demonstration took place in
Bogotá, during the so called launching of this new sociopolitical movement
called "Marcha Patriótica" (Patriotic March). Sometimes
referred to as "Movimiento
Político Marcha Patriótica" (Patriotic March Political Movement) , "Marcha
Patriótica por la Segunda y Definitiva Independencia" (Patriotic March for the
Second and Definite Independence) and "Movimiento Político y Social Marcha
Patriótica" (Political and Social Movement Patriotic March), it is established
as they called themselves "the new left" and "a progressivist movement", with the
purpose of bring about change to the current political agenda and its
disconformity with several actual measures that the government (elected in 2010)
has taken so far, as their political manifesto
However this movement has its roots on a similar rally that took place on July 20, 2012, the Bicentennial of Colombia's independence from Spain, and is already being labeled as a legal political support for the illegal FARC guerrilla, that leads to a negotiated end of the current armed conflict, similar to the Entramado de ETA (ETA's Surroundings, referring to the cluster of social and political organizations that this Spanish illegal armed group has established to support its activities and have a legal front). One of the similarities with Farc, is the logo used by Marcha Patriótica
Source: http://pupsocvalle.blogspot.com/2010/06/marcha-patriotica-y-cabildo-abierto_3457.html, which is similar to that used by the Movimiento Bolivariano
South Moluccas, First flag
It is composed of (among a grand total of claimed 1,471 organizations nationwide including trade unions, indigenous people, etc.):
- ACVC (Asociación Campesina del Valle del Río Cimitarra, Peasant Association of the Valley of the Cimitarra River) (official website: http://prensarural.org/acvc/ )
- FEU (Federación de Estudiantes Universitarios, Federation of University Students) (official website: http://feucolombia.org/ )
- Teatro la Candelaria (La Candelaria theater) (official website: http://www.teatrolacandelaria.org.co/ )
- Congreso de los Pueblos (Congress of the Peoples) (official website: http://congresodelospueblos.org/ )
- Minga Social y Comunitaria - Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas (official website: http://www.nasaacin.org/minga-social-y-comunitaria)
- COMOSOC (Coalición de Movimientos y Organizaciones Sociales de Colombia, Coalition of Social Organizations and Movements of Colombia) (official website: http://www.comosoc.org.co/ )
- Dissidents of the Polo Democrático Alternativo
- Coordinadora Nacional de Movimientos y Organizaciones Sociales y Políticas (National Coordination of Social and Political Movements and Organizations) (official communiqué)
- MANE (Mesa Amplia Nacional Estudiantil) (National Broad Student Board) (official website: http://manecolombia.blogspot.com/ )
The two driving forces behind this new movement are:
- Izquierda Liberal en Marcha (Liberal Left Forward) a movement within the Partido Liberal
- Partido Comunista Colombiano
The flag is a white horizontal flag with the logo in the middle as seen in the following pictures:
- http://www.arcoiris.com.co/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/marcha_patrioticados.jpg (Source: http://www.arcoiris.com.co/2012/04/ecos-de-la-marcha-patriotica/)
For additional information go to: Marcha Patriótica (official website):
Esteban Rivera, 25 April 2012
image from official website
The Movimiento MIRA was established on July 26, 2000.
This movement is already featured on FOTW. It has political
representation at various levels and different Departments.
Source: Screenshot of official website.
E.R., 3 November 2007
The flag is the logo (without the slogan) on a blue horizontal stripe, over a
white horizontal background, as seen here:
For additional information go to Partido MIRA (official website): https://partidomira.com/
Esteban Rivera, 21 August 2018
image by Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000
Thousands of workers and students marched on the US embassy
and other places in Bogota and Cartagena de Indias, protesting
because Clinton's visit. They fly several red vertical flags of
MOIR (Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario) -
Independent Revolutionary Workers Movement. MOIR is a Colombian
political (communist) party.
Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000
This party was established in Medellín in 1971 as a result of
the action of former members of the defunct Maoist MOEC
(Movimiento Obrero Estudiantil y Campesino - Workers, Students
and Peasants Movement). Its youth section is called th JUPA
(Juventud Patriótica, Patriotic Youth).
For more information see MOIR Official website and wikipedia.
E.R., 15 July 2007
image by Eugene Ipavec (based on original by Jaumé Ollé), 3 September 2007
Jaumé Ollé reported in 2004 on a variant of the
E.R., 3 September 2007
image by Eugene Ipavec (based on original by Jaumé Ollé), 3 September 2007
There is also the youth section of the MOIR party, the
Juventud Patriótica (JUPA), or Patriotic Youth in English
E.R., 3 September 2007
image by Eugene Ipavec, 13 December 2005
There was an illegal organization in Colombia known as
"El Cartel de Medellín" (Medellin Cartel). It was also
known in its beginning as "Los Extraditables". However,
this was some kind of umbrella organization that participated in
many illegal activities such as narcotics, assassinations,
bribery, racketeering, terrorism, "dirty politics"
(corruption, etc.). This flag was used by a political movement
called "Movimiento Civismo Unido" also known as
"Movimiento Civismo en Marcha". This was a
liberal-oriented political party headed by drug lord Pablo Emilio
Escobar Gaviria (a.k.a. El Patrón, a.k.a. El Señor) which
started in the outskirts of Medellin to eradicate poverty, build
soccer fields and build houses as well (most of this through
money laundering derived from narcotics trafficking) and it was
his political platform to run for Congress as Member of the House
of Representatives (lower chamber). He actually was elected as
the second Representative of Jairo Ortega (another liberal) for
the Department of Antioquia. So when Ortega was absent Escobar
took his place in Congress (shortly afterwards his ties with
drugs escalated a war that had already started and he was forced
to step down and the manhunt began...). This episode became what
is known as Colombia's Drug War (1984-onwards) although drug
trafficking had been around since the 1970's. Pablo Escobar was
shot dead on December 2nd, 1993 on a raid by the Colombian
Police, by Colonel (then Mayor) Hugo Heliodoro Aguilar Naranjo
(now the Governor of the Department of Santander), who led the
final assault on Escobar's safe house in Medellin. The image is a
snapshot of the documentary "Los Archivos Secretos de Pablo
Escobar" (Pablo Escobar's Secret Files) by Marc Beaufort,
released on February 13, 2004, produced by Centauro Films, with the help of
Escobar's family and close relatives. There is a little insight on the
documentary which can be found at
The flag itself is divided into three equal horizontal stripes and the colors are green (top), white (middle) and red (bottom). In the middle it has a red disc (very similar to the Japanese flag) and also three flags (one green with a white tree and another green flag with a book, the third flag being white with a red heart on it.
E.R., 7 June 2005 and 30 November 2005
The three depicted flags seems to be:
- Black flag with white open book centered
- White flag with red stylized heart (like the playing card suit "hearts") centered
- Black flag with white tree at the fly.
Probably flagoids standing for some "virtue" each. Perhaps education, peace, and environment?
António Martins-Tuválkin, 18 December 2005
Actually the name is Movimiento Civismo en Marcha, as I
verified today searching the web.
Source: Semi official website of the Documentary "Los Archivos Secretos de Pablo Escobar".
E.R., 4 June 2006
In recent news published by the newspaper El Colombiano on its online edition
of July 30, 2006, some pictures of this political movement are shown. For
one can see the name of this political movement on a banner on the main stand
where Pablo Escobar is giving a speech, one can see the emblem of the movement
(a tree, and a book) right next to the person managing the sound. At
one can see a standing person with a moustache wearing a t-shirt
bearing the emblems of the political movement.
E.R., 2 September 2006
image located by Esteban Rivera, 21 August 2018
The "Movimiento Jaime Bateman Cayón" (English: Jaime Bateman Cayon Movement)
takes its name from the top commander of the M-19),
Jaime Alfonso Bateman Cayón.
Its flag is horizontal with three equally divided stripes, from top to bottom: dark green, red and black, with the initials in white capitals with black outline M-JBC in the middle, crossed by a sword that symbolizes that of Simón Bolívar, as seen here: http://2.bp.blogspot.com (source: http://movimientojaimebatemancayon.blogspot.com). It follows the same location and style of the lettering as the M-19, as to having a hyphen between names. Also, the sword represents the one that was stolen by the M-19 back in 1974, as an act of revolution, since members of this organization consider the armed struggle not to be over for multiple reasons (social inequality, distribution of political power, etc.)
Sources: http://enciclopedia.banrepcultural.org/ and http://elrelojcultural.com/2017/01/17/hace-43-anos-es-robaba-la-espada-de-bolivar-nace-publicamente-el-m-19/
Image located at
Esteban Rivera, 21 August 2018
"The Movimiento Revolucionario del Pueblo (M.R.P.) (English: People's
Revolutionary Movement) is a terrorist movement that is said to be an offshoot
ELN through its Redes de Apoyo al Terrorismo
(RAT) (English: Terrorism Support Networks), organizations that are loosely and
independently coordinated but have some affiliation up to some extent to main
armed groups (some sort of ad hoc groups).
It is said to have been established in 2016 although a first armed action was carried out on September 2015 as seen on this pamphlet (https://static.iris.net.co/semana/upload/images/2015/9/18/442951_173651_1.jpg, http://trochandosinfronteras.info/wp-content/uploads/comunicadoMRP.jpeg) although several actions had taken place months before (specially rallies on May 1, for the traditional celebration of Labor Day and being used for vindication of social rights) and may as well have been carried out by this group. The main focus (so far) is to shift people's attention that the current peace process between the government and the leftist guerrillas (mainly FARC and ELN. It emerged in the context of criticizing the 2016 peace referendum (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombian_peace_agreement_referendum,_2016), and it is radically opposed to the polarization of the concept of a peace treaty, currently being mistakenly identified as only a peace deal for business reasons and only a matter of "two political leaders (current President Santos who was a government official of Uribe's Presidency, and former President Uribe) (https://es.scribd.com/document/338620171/LA-PAZ-DE-LOS-RICOS-NO-ES-LA-PAZ-DEL-PUEBLO and http://www.elespectador.com/sites/default/files/9b6585b18e533c45282a0c8bd4339a52_1.jpg), in favor of broadening political participation among non-traditional actors, as well as the current harsh economic conditions in the country that emerged after an increase in VAT (Value Added Tax) from 16% to 19%, and also the takeover of the second biggest mandatory health care provider which went bankrupt".
Sources: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movimiento_Revolucionario_del_Pueblo_(Colombia)#cite_note-Dossier_MRP_1-1, http://www.bluradio.com/nacion/capturados-dos-presuntos-responsables-de-atentados-de-los-ultimos-dias-en-bogota-132489, http://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/bogota-estalla-petardo-en-la-localidad-de-chapinero/442950-3, https://www.kienyke.com/historias/que-es-mrp-movimiento-revoluycionario-del-pueplo-atentado-andino and http://www.vanguardia.com/colombia/386423-quien-esta-tras-el-movimiento-revolucionario-del-pueblo
Its flag is a horizontal flag with two stripes (top: yellow occupying two thirds of the flag; bottom: blue) with a red five-pointed star in the middle. The color scheme is clearly a reference to the country's national flag, while the star is most likely a reference to leftist ideology and a revolutionary background.
It first appeared on a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnQGCCwXhiU) uploaded on YouTube on September 20, 2015 where the flag is displayed and afterwards a small explosion throws out some pamphlets (http://www.rebelion.org/docs/218203.pdf) with the group's flag (https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movimiento_Revolucionario_del_Pueblo_(Colombia)#/media/File:Bandera_2017_colombia_pueblo.png) on it (although events seem to have taken place two days earlier, as this article suggests: http://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/bogota-estalla-petardo-en-la-localidad-de-chapinero/442950-3).
Pictures of the flag appeared first in urban Bogotá, close to one of the offices of DIAN, as seen here: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movimiento_Revolucionario_del_Pueblo_(Colombia)#/media/File:Bandera_DIan.png, closeup: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movimiento_Revolucionario_del_Pueblo_(Colombia)#/media/File:Bandera_DIAN.png), and also on another building over Calle 19 (Street 19) and Carrera 10 (Avenue 10) (downtown) as seen here: https://i.ytimg.com/vi/TnQGCCwXhiU/maxresdefault.jpg.
The flag's GIF image is seen here:
Esteban Rivera, 21 June 2017