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Lagoa Vermelha, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | lagoa vermelha |
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Lagoa Vermelha, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020

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The municipality of Lagoa Vermelha (27,807 inhabitants in 2019; 12,634 ha) is located 250 km north-east of Porto Alegre. The municipality is composed of the districts of Lagoa Vermelha (seat), Boqueirão, Tupinamba, Fátima, Campinas, Capão do Cedro, Santa Luzia and Clemente Argolo.

Lagoa Vermelha was established on 25 January 1845, as São Paulo de Lagoa Vermelha. The founder, José Ferreira Bueno, was a captain of the National Guard who owned a fazenda in Lapa (Paraná). The municipality of Lagoa Vermelha was established by Provincial Law No. 1,018 promulgated on 12 April 1876, then covering all north-eastern Rio Grande do Sul, Vacaria included, and inaugurated on 18 January 1877. The municipality of Vacaria was established on 1 April 1878, Lagoa Vermelha being downgraded to its 3rd district. The municipality of Lagoa Vermelha was re-established by Law No. 1,309 promulgated on 10 May 1881, and inaugurated on 26 January 1883.

Lagoa Vermelha (Red Lake) was named for the a small lake whose red color has been a matter of legends. The local tradition reports that a caravan of Jesuits transporting gold and sacred artifacts was chased by bandits. About to be caught, the Jesuits sent the mules laden with the treasures to the lake, where they all drowned. Gold buried in the lake caused the water color to turn to yellowish red, which has never changed since then. Neither changes the volume of the lake, even during rain or drought periods. This never changing condition indicates that the lake is sacred and inviolable. Would someone desecrate the lake, the rivers would dry up and the region turned into a desert. No one should bath or fish in the lake, which is allegedly bottomless.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020


The coat of arms of Lagoa Vermelha is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 1,414 promulgated on 6 September 1962.

Article 1.
The coat of arms of the municipality is composed of a Portuguese shield divided into four sectors:
In the first sector, on top, on a golden yellow background, a bovine's head.
In the second sector, on the left, a maize cob.
In the third sector, on the right, a maize cob, the two on a background argent.
In the fourth sector, a hill, two Brazilian pines and a lake.
The shield supported by two crossed lances with red pennants.
Beneath the shield a red stylized stripe [scroll] inscribed in black "LAGOA VERMELHA, 1845-1883".
The shield surmounted by a mural crown argent with five fortresses, as the symbol of a "cidade".

Article 2.
The symbol, designed by Àdriano Donin, [...].
Leis Municipais database

Municipal Law No. 7,227 promulgated on 29 August 2016 changed the wording of the prescriptions of use of the coat of arms.
Leis Municipais database

So did Municipal Law No. 7,320 promulgated on 9 June 2017.
Leis Municipais database


Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020