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Cachoeira do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-14 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | cachoeira do sul |
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Cachoeira do Sul, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020

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The municipality of Cachoeira do Sul (37,352 ha) is located 200 km north of Porto Alegre. The municipality is composed of the districts of Cachoeira do Sul (seat); Capané, Barro Vermelho, Três Vendas, Ferreira, Cordilheira and Bosque.

Cachoeira do Sul was settled in 1750 by Portuguese soldiers from São Paulo, who were granted domains to watch the border with the Spanish colonies. They were soon joined by farmers from the Azores, where limited arable land could not afford the increasing population. In 1769, christened Guarani were settled and used as manpower to build a new settlement, Capela de São Nicolau.
The parish of São Nicolau da Cachoeira de São José was established on 10 July 1779, to be subsequently renamed to Nossa Senhora da Conceição. German immigration was initiated in 1857, followed in 1880 by Italian immigration.
The municipality of Vila Nova de São João da Cachoeira was established on 26 April 1819, separating from Rio Pardo, and inaugurated on 5 August 1820. When granted the rank of "cidade" on 15 December 1859, the municipality was renamed to Cachoeira. The current name of Cachoeira do Sul was adopted in 1944.

Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020


A vertical bicolour, white-yellow, divided 1:2, with the municipal arms on a white disk on the field boundary.

Official website is at
Dirk Schönberger, 9 January 2012

The flag of Cachoeira do Sul is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 2,009 promulgated on 15 August 1984.
The flag is vertically divided (1:2) white-yellow, with the municipal coat of arms placed over the flag's vertical division.
White represents power and peace.
Golden yellow represents the municipality's main resources, rice and wheat.
The coat of arms represents the municipal government.

The coat of arms of Cachoeira do Sul, selected in 1959 in a public contest, is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 1809 promulgated on 10 December 1959, amended by Municipal Law No. 2,035 promulgated on 5 December 1984.

The shield is surmounted by a three-towered crown, as the symbol of a "cidade". The green border around the shield represents the municipality's main source of income, agriculture. The stars argent in the upper part of the green border represent the districts composing the municipality.
The shield is divided by a golden bend sinister. The upper field, celestial blue, represents the Catholic origin and quietness of the municipality. It is charged with stylized representation of the bridge and waterfall symbolizing Passo de Fandango, Cachoeira's namesake. The lower field, red, symbolizes the struggle for the borders. It is charged with a golden cogwheel representing mechanized industry producing agricultural machinery. The golden plow is a symbol of primitive agriculture practiced in the colonial period. The bovine's head represents the resources and progress of local cattle-breeders.

The rice and wheat plants, on the shield's right and left, respectively, symbolize the municipality's main crops. Beneath the shield, the white writing on a blue scroll indicates the date of establishment of Vila Nova de São João de Cachoeira, 5 August 1820.
The original coat of arms was slightly modified on 5 December 1984, replacing 8 December by 5 August as the day of establishment.
História de Cachoeira do Sul blog, 9 December 2011

The first quarter of the coat of arms features Cachoeira do Sul's landmark, the water tower. Designed by engineers Walter Jobim and Antônio de Siqueira, it was inaugurated in 1925. The monument is decorated with statues of nymphs and of God Neptune.
Turismo Rio Grande do Sul

On the tower's right is represented the central facade of the Nossa Senhora da Conceição cathedral. The monument is surmounted by a big statue of the Virgin, c. 4 m in height.
The restoration of the monument performed in 2017 revealed that the statue does not represent Nossa Senhora da Conceição but Nossa Senhora das Graças. When revamping the statue, painters noticed a snake and orb, which are traditional attributes of Nossa Senhora das Graças. Not upset by the confusion, the inhabitants of the town "adopted" the new devotional title and said they would be happy to be protected by two Mary instead by a single one.
G1, 4 July 2017


Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020

Flags used in less formal contexts appear to have the white field narrower (1:2) and the coat of arms smaller.

Cachoeira do Sul, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020


Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020