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Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2012-02-10 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | bento gonçalves |
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Bento Gonçalves, RS (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 4 January 2012

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Description of the Flag

A white field with the municipal arms centred and extending from the red diagonal in the arms a red stripe extending across the flag, and bearing the words PAZ E TRABALHO.

Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 4 January 2012

The municipality of Bento Gonçalves (107,341 inhabitants in 2010; 382.5 sq. km) is located in northeastern Rio Grande do Sul, 124 km of Porto Alegre. In 2003, Bento Gonçalves had the highest Index of Human Development in Rio Grande do Sul and the 6th in Brazil.

Bento Gonçalves was founded in 1870, as Colônia Dona Isabel. The settlement had been known before as Cruzinha, for a rustic cross carved on the tomb; it was then a small trade and barter post for gauchos. On 24 December 1875, the first Italian colonists, that would develop the town and introduce wine-growing in the region, arrived from Lombardy and Venetia. On 11 October 1890, Colônia Dona Isabel was made a municipality independent of Montenegro by Act No. 474. The new municipality was renamed Bento Gonçalves, for General General Bento Gonçalves da Silva (1788-1847), a leader of the War of the Ragamuffins (1835-1845) and the President of the Piratini Republic (1836-1845). The Italian fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) had his first military experience during the revolt.

The flag of Bento Gonçalves is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 285, adopted on 23 September 1968. It is made of a white rectangle with, in the middle, the municipal coat of arms and a diagonal red stripe continuing the red stripe on the coat of arms, charged with the writing 'Paz e Trabalho" (Peace and Work). The flag suggests that peace and commitment to work are the unique factor of progress of the municipality.

The coat of arms of Bento Gonçalves is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 216, adopted on 12 December 1966. Its colors and elements recall the industrial development of the municipality, wine and its people's dynamism and organization. The chief of the arms is made of the flag of Rio Grande do Sul, arms excluded (that is, the flag of the Piratini Republic). It is separated by three white waves from the main blue field, charged with a bunch of grapes ensigned with a white factory. The grapes recall that Bento Gonçalves is Brazil's Wine Capital and the seat of the National Wine Festival (Fenhavino), organized for the first time in 1967.

See also Rio Grande Republic
Ivan Sache, 6 January 2012