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Arroio do Tigre, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-12 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | arroio do tigre |
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Arroio do Tigre, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 11 July 2020

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The municipality of Arroio do Tigre (12,648 inhabitants in 2010; 31,900 ha) is located 250 km of Porto Alegre.

Arroio do Tigre (Tiger's Stream) is named for a "tiger", indeed a jaguar shot in the 20th century near the colony of Sobradinho, on the banks of a stream ("arroio"). A hunt was organized after an unknown beast had killed several bovines; fierce hunters shot the beast but misidentified it as a tiger.
Arroio do Tigre was settled around 1900 by German colonists coming from Santa Cruz do Sul and the neighborhood. They were subsequently joined by Italians and Brazilians of Portuguese origin. Vila Tigre emerged in the 1920s as a group of huts; at the same time, the agricultural cooperative still active today was founded.
Vila Tigre belonged to the municipality of Soledade, until elevated to the 3rd district of Sobradinho. The municipality of Arroio do Tigre was established on 6 November 1963, separating from Sobradinho, Soledade and Espumoso. - Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 11 July 2020


The symbols of Arroio do Tigre are prescribed by a Municipal Law, unfortunately not specified.

The flag of Arroio do Tigre, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antônio Peixoto de Faria, shall be blue with three white stripes superimposed with black stripes, placed horizontally and emerging from a white isosceles triangle charged with the municipal flag.

§1. In compliance with the Portuguese heraldic tradition, of which Brazil inherited the canons and rules, the municipal flag can be divided in eight or six horizontal stripes, quartered, or vertically divided in three stripes, using the same colors as the field of the coat of arms and featuring in the center or at hoist a geometric figure charged with the coat of arms.

§2. The coat of arms featured on the flag represents the municipal government while the white isosceles triangle represents the town proper - seat of the municipality. The triangle is the heraldic symbol of liberty, equality and fraternity, while the white color symbolizes peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity and religious feeling. The white stripes superimposed with black stripes emerging from the triangle represent the spread of the municipal power all over its territory. The black color is a symbol of authority, prudence, knowledge, moderation and firmness. The blue sectors represent the rural properties scattered on the municipal territory. Blue is the symbol of justice, nobleness, perseverance and Loyalty.

The coat of arms of Arroio do Tigre, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antônio Peixoto de Faria, is described in proper heraldic words as follows:

Samnite shield surmounted by a six-towered mural crown argent. Argent a Bible sable inscribed argent. A base azure wavy argent supporting a jaguar passant proper. The shield supported dexter and sinister by plants of wheat and tobacco proper crossed in base and supporting a scroll azure inscribed in letters argent the toponym "ARROIO DE TIGRE", supporting on its ends towers high voltage line pylons.

The coat of arms has the following symbolic interpretation:
a) the Samnitic shield used to represent the coat of arms of Arroio do Tigro was the first style of shield introduced in Portuguese from French influence, and was inherited by Brazilian heraldry to evoke the colonizing race and main constituent of our nationality.
b) the mural crown surmounting the shield is a universal symbol for municipal coat of arms, being argent (white) with six towers, only four visible in perspective, therefore indicating a town of third rank or a municipal seat.
c) argent (white) used in the field of the shield is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity and religious feeling.
d) in the center of the shield, the Bible sable (black) represents the Christian spirit of the people of Arroio do Tigre, recalling that the municipality owns a Bible dating from more than 400 years and weighing 6.5 kg, for a thickness of 39 cm, often considered as Brazil's best existing Bible.
e) sable (black) is a symbol of austerity, prudence, knowledge, moderation and firmness.
f) in base the water azure (blue) decorated argent (white) supporting a jaguar passant proper makes the arms canting, recalling the toponym "Arroio do Tigre" adopted for hunting of this animal, then called "tiger", once abundant on the banks of the stream ("arroio") where the town was established.
g) the supporters, wheat and tobacco, represent the two main products of the fertile soil and main source of income for the municipality. The pylons represent the Itaúba plant, located on the municipal territory and considered as the main hydro-electric power plant in the south of the country.
h) the scroll azure (blue) features in letters argent (silver) the toponym "Arroio do Tigre" surrounded by "22-03-1964", the date of inauguration of the municipality. - Municipal website


The Arroio do Tigre Bible is Brazil's oldest document written in German. Printed in 1584, the book was brought from Bopfingen (Baden-Württemberg) by the tanner Ludwig Gustav Ensslin in 1886. A family treasure, the book is a luxury copy of Luther Bible. Ensslin disembarked from the ship "Argentina" with a trunk weighing 317 kg.
The Arroio Bible is now kept in a trunk in Paulo and Jusiane Ensslin's house. Paulo inherited the book from his godfather Francisco Carlos Ensslin, Ludwig's grandson. - GospelRio blog

Image from the municipal website:

Ivan Sache, 11 July 2020