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Canela, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-14 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | canela | cinnamon tree | pylons |
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Canela, RS (Brazil) image by Joseph McMillan

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The municipality of Canela (42,746 inhabitants in 2016; 25,458 ha) is located 120 km of Porto Alegre.

Canela was first settled, as Campestre Canela, by Joaquim de Silva Esteves. The place was named as a big cinnamon tree ("caneleira") used by the tropeiros as a landmark.
The development of the town is credited to Colonel João Corrêa Ferreira da Silva, who built from 1913 to 1924 a railway connecting Canela to Taquara. The Companhia Florestal Riograndense, established in 1913, purchased forests of Brazilian pines in Caracol, exploited by five sawmills. Engineer Helmut Scmitt built roads connecting Caracol to Banhado Grande, Esteinho, Ferradura and Tubiana.
Canela was elevated to the 2nd district of Taquara by Act No. 302 issued on 2 March 1926. The municipality of Canela was established by State Law No. 717 promulgated on 28 December 1944.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020


The flag of Canela is a blue-white-blue vertical triband with the municipal coat of arms on the center. The coat of arms is divided per fess. In chief, on a gold field, is a green cinnamon tree, the tree from which the city takes its name [canela=cinnamon]. The gold field represents the wealth of the region and the faith and constancy of the people of Canela. In base, on a silver (white) field representing the purity of the air and of the character of the people are two green mountains with a third issuing from them forming a valley with a silver river running out of it, representing the countryside of Canela. The shield is flanked on either side by silver electrical towers connected by a silver cable, symbolizing the Canastra power generation system. The shield is ensigned with a gold mural crown with four towers visible. The red scroll is inscribed Indústria - Canela - 28/12/1944 - Turismo. The colors of the shield and the scroll together recall the colors of the national flag and the flag of the state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Source: Official municipal website.
Joseph McMillan, 1 August 2002

The flag of Canela is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 442 promulgated on 30 December 1977.

Article 2.
I. The flag shall have the following proportions:
Length: 15 units.
Width: 10 units, divided in thee vertical stripes of five units in length on 10 units in width.
In the central part, three units apart from the edge in width and 0.75 in length, the municipal coat of arms.
II. The extreme vertical stripes shall be blue and the central white.
Leis Municipais database

On the flag in actual use, the blue writing "CIDADE DAS HORTÊNSIAS" (Hortensia Town) is added, in a semi-circular pattern, beneath the shield.


Hortensia Region, a tourism district of Rio Grande do Sul, groups the towns of Gramado, Canela, Nova Petrópolis, São Francisco de Paula and Caxias do Sul.

The coat of arms of Canela is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 58 promulgated on 25 November 1963.

Article 1.
Portuguese shield divided per fess. First or, representing the region's resources and the people's faith and constancy, a cinnamon ["caneleira"] proper, the municipality's namesake. Second argent, representing the purity of the air and the people's fairness, three mounts vert (green), forming in base a valley with the crystalline water of the Caracol Waterfall.
The design represents Canela's munificent landscape. The shield supported dexter and sinister by towers argent connected by an electric wire, symbolizing the Canastra [hydro-electric] system. The wire running between the shield and the four-towered mural crown. Beneath the shield, connected to the towers, a red scroll inscribed argent "INDÚSTRIA - CANELA - 28.12.1944 - TURISMO". The colors are the national (green and yellow) and state (green, red and yellow) colors.
Leis Municipais database

Ivan Sache, 13 July 2020