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Redonda (Antigua and Barbuda)

Last modified: 2013-12-07 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: antigua | barbuda | antigua and barbuda | redonda |
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Kingdom of Redonda

In 1865 Mathew Shiel, an Irishman devoted to the transportation, claimed this island, which in that era was not belonging to any country, for himself as kingdom. His son Philippe Shiel, born some months before, was proclaimed as king Philippe I. Short time afterwards, the British declared the island as their possesion and incorporated it into Antigua (1872) and the claim of the Shiel was forgotten. When king Philippe I grew up, he claimed the throne but didn't not adopt a flag. He died in 1947 and order the succession to the poet John Gawsworth (John I). John I resigned in 1966 (with effects in 1967) in favour of Arthur John Roberts, but on the death of John I in 1970s the crown was claimed by John Wynne-Tyson (John II). In 1984 he was recognized as king by the "noble" Cedric Boston (Cedric I) and after an agreement, in 1989, William Gates acceded to the throne.
Jaume Ollé, 28 October 2000

1949 Flag

image by Antonio Martins, 18 February 2010

The first flag was adopted by John I in 1949.
Jaume Ollé, 28 October 2000

1980 Flag

image by Antonio Martins, 18 February 2010

reported wrong flag
image by Antonio Martins, 18 February 2010

The first flag held until 1980, when it was modified to a queerly similar design to the Flag of the National Geographic Society remaining the previous flag as personal standard. Mc Meekin [meeXXe] says that this flag was preserved as Personal standard of the king after 1980 (probably until 1997) but the current king said that is wrong. The flag that was adopted in 1980 was created as Royal standard and no "state flag" existed. (royal standard is considered de facto the state flag). This is the second flag 1980 - 1997 according to Mc Meekin.
However, the arrangement of the stripes is wrong and must be (according to the king) BLUE-GREEN-MAROON.
Jaume Ollé, 28 October 2000

At <>, we can read that one of the claimants tot the Redonda crown, King Robert the Bald, died 27 August 2009. He was succeeded by King Michael the Grey, who can be seen with the Blue-Green-Maroon flag (and crown, cape and shorts).
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 14 January 2010

1997 Flag

image by Jaume Ollé'

In 1997 royal standart and (de facto) state flag was changed by H.M. King Robert the Bald. The design was changed and Coat of Arms added.
Jaume Ollé, 28 October 2000

Antonio Martind asked: "Why the shades of green, red and brown are different on these two images?"
Mainly the difference is because that in the old one I used the shades according to an image in my archives of the flag of National Geographic (image in McMeeking [meeXXe] book is of course b/w with international color code at the side), and the new image is according the later version that was submitted to the king.
Jaume Ollé, 11 November 2000

King Leo's Flag

image by Jaume Ollé'

Redonda is a desert islet of 1.6 square km (only 1.3 according to Encyclopaedia Universalis) belonging to Antigua-and-Barbuda.
The Kingdom of Redonda was proclaimed on July 1865 by the Irish negociant Matthew Dowdy Shiel from Montserrat. He celebrated on Redonda with a group of friends the birth of his first son (and his ninth child). Rhum helped him to proclaim himself King of Redonda. The King abdicated on 21 July 1880 and his son Matthew Philip was crowned as King Felipe by the bishop of Antigua. The young King moved to London where he became a successful novelist, and never saw again Redonda. When he died in 1947, the young poet John Gawsworth became Juan I of Redonda and created an "intellectual aristocracy", giving nobless titles to famous artists such as Henry Miller, Lawrence Durrell, Dorothy Sayers and Dirk Bogarde. Juan I rapidly bankrupted (once again because of alcoholic beverages) and tried to sell Redonda to a member of the Swedish royal family, the transaction being cancelled by the British authorities. He finally gave the title to Juan II (Artur John Robert), who himself gave him to the current King Leo V, the history teacher William Leonard Gates. The Court lives in exile in London and meets in the Fitzroy Tavern, Guiness being the official beverage of the Court. The Kingdom release stamps, The Times of Redonda (official gazette). The motto is 'Floreat Redonda!' (May Redonda flourishes!)
There are at least five competitors to Leo V, including Robert I who wants to use the rock as a naturists' camp and an American who wants to proclaim the Republic.
The flag is horizontally divided blue-white-blue (2:1:2) with a golden crown in the upper blue stripe.
Source: Bruno Fuligni in Franciae Vexilla #16/62 [vfr], December 1999.
Ivan Sache , 19 December 1999

The flag reported by Vexilla Francia a is absolutely unknown to the current king. In a communication he describe the flag that as very close that the one I reported (but order of stripes was changed three years ago by Decree of the king). He also explain about the name of the North point of the island, that is named Anton Gaudi Point, from the genial architect born in Reus
Jaume Ollé, 23 October 2000

There are various pretenders for the kingdom of Redonda and that is why various flags exist. This flag is King Leo's flag.
Bruno Fuligni (author of "L’Etat c’est moi" [ful97]), 12 January 2004

Coat of Arms (?)

image by Jaume Ollé'