Last modified: 2019-02-18 by rick wyatt
Keywords: farmers' alliance |
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image located by Esteban Rivera, 7 May 2017
The Farmers' Alliance was an organized agrarian economic movement among
American farmers that developed and flourished in 1875. The movement included
several parallel but independent political organizations — the National Farmers'
Alliance and Industrial Union among the white farmers of the South, the National
Farmers' Alliance among the white and black farmers of the Midwest and High
Plains, where the Granger movement had been strong, and the Colored Farmers'
National Alliance and Cooperative Union, consisting of the African American
farmers of the South (so, it was more of a coalition). One of the goals of the
organization was to end the adverse effects of the crop-lien system on farmers
in the period following the American Civil War. The Alliance also generally
supported the government regulation of the transportation industry,
establishment of an income tax in order to restrict speculative profits, and the
adoption of an inflationary relaxation of the nation's money supply as a means
of easing the burden of repayment of loans by debtors. The Farmers' Alliance
moved into politics in the early 1890s under the banner of the People's Party,
commonly known as the "Populists." Later on, it was merged into the Democratic Party
in 1896; a small independent remnant survived until 1908.
Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmers%27_Alliance and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Party_(United_States)
The flag is seen here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmers%27_Alliance#/media/File:Farmers-Alliance-Banner.jpg (sources: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ap-us-history/period-6/apush-gilded-age/a/the-populists, http://cnx.org/contents/HGdOW3zS@3/Farmers-Revolt-in-the-Populist and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmers%27_Alliance). One source (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmers%27_Alliance) states the following on the picture caption: "First banner of the Southern Farmers' Alliance, organized on a statewide basis in Texas in 1878". So that is probably the Texas chapter flag of the organization and (most likely) its original flag (I haven't seen any other flags so far though). The motto is: “The most good for the most PEOPLE” (above), "Free Trade" (below), "Justice, Wisdom & Moderation" (left) and "ALLIANCE No. 1" (right). So the design is very similar to the "Confederate Statement Flags", and it is no surprise this was the layout, since Texas was part of the Confederate States of America.
Esteban Rivera, 7 May 2017