Last modified: 2019-01-11 by bruce berry
Keywords: sudan | africa | arab |
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Image by Željko Heimer, 24 Jan 2003
Flag adopted 20 May 1970; coat of arms adopted 1970
The Sudanese national flag was adopted on 20 May 1970 and comprises three horizontal stripes of red, white and black with a green triangle next to the hoist.
The symbolism of the colours is as follows:
Jaume Ollé, 04 Mar 1996
It appears that Sudan adopted a new set of flag related legislation in 1993
and 1994, available at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
site in Arabic.
Sudanese Marine Flags Act of 1994 (1994)
Emblem of the Republic Act of 1993 (1993)
National Flag Act of 1993 (1993)
Seal of the State Act of 1993 (1993).
Željko Heimer, 03 Feb 2012
The construction diagram (shown below) is based on the Album des pavillons nationaux et des marques distinctives (National flags and distinctive markings) 2000 edition [pay00] and is correct according to 'The National Flag and Foreign States Flags (Amendment) Act' which established it and which came into force on 20th May 1970. The relevant Article reads as follows:
Christopher Southworth, 30 Dec 2003
Description and Dimensions of the National Flag.
3. The National Flag is rectangular in shape, its width is half its length and it consists of three equal horizontal rectangles and ends on the side of the staff with a triangle of two equal sides, the length of the base of the triangle is the width of the flag and the length of its vertical height is one-third the length of the flag. The colours of the rectangles from top to bottom are red, white and black respectively and the colour of the triangle is green."
Image by Željko Heimer, 21 Jan 2003
According to the construction details provided in the Album des pavillons nationaux et
des marques distinctives (National flags and distinctive markings) 2000
[pay00], the triangle reaches
with its top from hoist towards center double the width of one stripe (which in turn is 1/3 of the length, of course).
Željko Heimer, 21 Jan 2003
The protocol manual for the London 2012 Olympics
(Flags and Anthems Manual, London, 2012 [bib-lna.html])
provides recommendations for national flag designs. Each National Olympic
Committee was sent an image of their flag, including the PMS shades, by the
London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games (LOCOG) for their approval.
Once this was obtained, the LOCOG produced a 60 x 90 cm version of the flag for
further approval. So, while these specifications may not be the official,
government, version of each flag, they are certainly what the National Olympic
Committee believed their flag to be.
For Sudan : PMS 032 red, 355 green and black. The vertical flag is simply the horizontal version turned 90 degrees clockwise.
Ian Sumner, 10 Oct 2012
Image by Paige Herring, taken from Flags of the World by William Crampton (1990) [cra90i], 21 May 1998
The description of the Arms is given as follows:
'The arms are a secretary bird with a native shield on its breast; above it is a scroll with the motto, "Al Nadr Nila" (Victory is Ours), and beneath it is the name of the country.'
Sources: Flags and Arms across the World by Whitney Smith (1980) [smi80] and Guide to the Flags of the World by Mauro Talocci (1982) [tal82].
Paige Herring, 21 May 1998
The text above eagle's head reads
An-Nasr Lana, which means "Victory is Ours". The text below
reads Jumhuriyat as-Sudan ad-Dimuqratiyah (The Democratic Republic of Sudan).
Henry Churchyard, 06 April 2004
It seems that Nadr is simply a typo in the Crampons book. (Ed.)
image by Zoltan Horvath, 02 Aug 2010
Above is an image from
Wappenlexikon of the former Sudanese coat of arms used between 1956 and
1970. The main feature of the emblem is a rhinoceros enclosed by two
Zoltan Horvath, 02 Aug 2010
Image sent by Vanja Poposki, 11 May 2012