Last modified: 2021-08-27 by zachary harden
Keywords: pelagos sanctuary | international organization |
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image by Ivan Sache, 05 October 2014
The Pelagos Sanctuary is a marine area of 87,500 sq. km subject to an
agreement between Italy, Monaco and France for the protection of marine mammals,
which live in it. The Pelagos Sanctuary includes the coastal waters and pelagic
area* comprised between the headlands of the Giens peninsula (France) to the
Fosso Chiarone in southern Tuscany (Italy). It extends across the waters of a
number of islands, including Corsica and northern Sardinia as well as smaller
islands such as the islands of Hyères, Liguria, the Tuscan Archipelago and the
Strait of Bonifacio.
Eight species of marine mammal are found in the Pelagos Sanctuary on a relatively consistent basis: fin whales (" Balaenoptera physalus"), sperm whales (" Physeter macrocephalus2), Cuvier's beaked whales ("Ziphius cavirostris"), long-finned pilot whales ("Globicephala mela"), Risso's dolphins ("Grampus griseus"), Common bottlenose dolphins ("Tursiops truncatus"), common dolphins ("Delphinus delphi"), and stripe dolphins ("Stenella coeruleoalba").
*The Sanctuary is named for the Greek word πέλαγος (open sea). The pelagic zone includes water that is neither close to the bottom nor near the shore, forming what hydrobiologists call the "water column".
The Sanctuary originates in awareness raised in the 1980s by scientists, environmentalists, and elected officials about the dramatic increase of accidental captures of cetaceans in the Corso-Ligurian basin. The Pelagos project, aimed at establishing a biosphere reserve, was presented in 1991. The joint declaration establishing the Mediterranean Sanctuary for Marine Mammals (Corso-Liguro-Provenšal Sanctuary) was signed in 1993 in Brussels by official representatives of the governments of France, Italy, and the Principality of Monaco. The Sanctuary was eventually established by the tripartite Agreement registered in 1999 in Monaco.
The Sanctuary was added in 2001 to the list of the Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance, which grants official recognition as a Marine Protected Area by the 21 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The Tripartite Pelagos Agreement came into force on 21 February 2002, following ratification by the three parties. A common Management plan was adopted in September 2004. The Permanent Secretary of the Pelagos Agreement was established in 2006; it has been located in the Doge's Palace in Genoa since January 2008.
A Partnership Agreement with the municipalities bordering the Sanctuary was initiated in 2009. The aim was to strengthen the involvement of local authorities and regional stakeholders with the Pelagos approach. Out of the 241 concerned municipalities, 88 have already signed the Partnership Charter.
Ivan Sache, 05 October 2014
The flag of the Pelagos Sanctuary is white with the emblem of the Sanctuary.
The emblem features the word "Pelagos", whose letter "l" extends upwards to form
the right part of the tail of a diving whale, the left part of the tail being
connected to the letter "P". Letter "g" extends downwards to form a big loop,
most probably to highlight the threat of accidental capture of cetaceans by
drifting nets (which are now banned from the Sanctuary). The surface of the sea
is represented by a light blue ribbon with parts recalling the flags of the
three parties (blue-white-red for France, red-white for Monaco, and
green-white-red for Italy).
Municipalities that have signed the Charter could enjoy the right to fly the Sanctuary flag in all areas within their administrative jurisdiction. The first municipalities to hoist the flag in France and Italy, were Hyères (12 March 2010) and San Vincenzo (11 November 2011).
Source: http://www.sanctuaire-pelagos.org/ - Pelagos Sanctuary website (available in English, French, and Italian)
Signature ceremony, France
Signature ceremony, Italy
Flag hoisting in Bordighera (Italy)
Flag hoisted on beaches in Le Lavandou (France)
Ivan Sache, 05 October 2014