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Arcot - Indian Princely State

Last modified: 2011-06-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: indian princely state | arcot |
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[Arcot] image by Blas Delgado Ortiz

Source: Ziggioto (1998)

See also:

From Filcher (1984):

Madras Presidency, Present-day Tamil Nadu
(no gun salute)
Area: 22
History: Arcot, sometimes called Carnatic, is a town located in modern Tamil Nadu in India, near Madras (Chennai), capital city of a state ruled since 1692 by the Nawabs of Arcot, as viceroys of the Moghul Emperors. The Nawabs of Arcot trace their line back to 2nd Caliph Umar bin al Khattab. Arcot was absorbed by the British Colonial Government in 1801, annexed by the British in 1825 and the state extinguished in 1855. The dynasty continues as Princes of Arcot. The Prince of Arcot still holds the unique position in Indian politics of being the only member of any royal family who is recognized as a Prince, his rank being that of a cabinet minister.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 13 January 2003

Joseph François Dupleix (1696-1763) was appointed Governor General of the French Establishments in India in 1742. He promoted the French trade in India and forced the Brits to lift the siege of Pondicherry in 1748. He constituted for France a big empire in Carnatic (now Karnataka) and on the coast of Circars (now Sarkârs). King Louis XV then withdrew his support to Dupleix, who had a lot of enemies in Paris. Back in France in 1754, Dupleix could not even be refunded the money he had lent to the Company of Indies. In 1763, the French possessions in India were ceded to the United Kingdom by the treaty of Paris, excepted the French Establishments in India (Etablissements français dans l'Inde): Pondichéry, Chandernagor, Karikal, Yanaon & Mahé. They constituted a colony, gained autonomy in 1939 and were reincorporated to India between 1951 and 1956.
Ivan Sache, 15 January 2003