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Chapinería (Municipality, Community of Madrid, Spain)

Last modified: 2016-05-16 by ivan sache
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Flag of Chapinería - Image by Ivan Sache, 4 July 2015

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Presentation of Chapinería

The municipality of Chapinería (2,140 inhabitants in 2014; 2,540 ha; municipal website) is located in the south-west of the Community of Madrid, 50 km of Madrid.

Chapinería was probably named for chapín, an old kind of boots used by the ladies of the Court when walking on muddy roads. The village was established in the 14th century when searching for new pastures; however, paleolithic tools and remains of two Visigothic villages indicate that the area was settled much earlier.
Chapinería belonged in the 17th century to the Marquis of Villanueva de la Sagra, who erected the Palacio de la Sagra, a hunting lodge. Separated from Segovia in 1627, Chapinería was granted in 1630 the status of villa.
Chapinería is the second "birth place" of the Spanish hero Eloy Gonzalo (1876-1897), together with San Bartolomé de Pinares.

Ivan Sache, 4 July 2015

Symbols of Chapinería

The flag (photos, photo) of Chapinería is vertically divided red-white-red with the municipal coat of arms in the middle. The flag does not appear to have been officially approved.

The coat of arms of Chapinería is prescribed by a Decree adopted 1 December 1988 by the Government of the Community of Madrid and published on 22 December 1988 in the official gazette of the Community of Madrid, No. 315, p. 6 (text) and on 11 January 1989 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 9, p. 792 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Gules a boot or, 2. Gules a two-storeyed aqueduct argent on ten rocks of the same. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The Royal Academy of History validated the proposed arms, which are based on the local history. The design evokes the arms of the Marquis of Villanueva de la Sagra, the local explanation of the name of the village, while recognizing that the name of the town could also derive from Latin chapinos, referring to pines. The validated design features a pine beneath the boot, which seems to have been dropped in the design in actual use.
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia, 1988, 85, 2: 404]

Ivan Sache, 4 July 2015