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Válor (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-10-18 by ivan sache
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Flag of Válor - Image from the Símbolos de Granada website, 15 May 2014

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Presentation of Válor

The municipality of Válor (623 inhabitants in 2014; 5,900 ha; municipal website) is located 120 km south-east of Granada. The municipality was established by a Decree adopted on 11 November 1943 by the Spanish Government and published on 25 November 1943 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 329, pp. 11,324-11,325 (text), as the merger of the former municipalities of Válor (admnistrative seat), Mecina Alfahar (139 inh.) and Nechite (62 inh.).

Válor is the birth place of "the most famous native of the Alpujarra ever", Fernando de Córdoba y Válor (1520-1569), better known as Abén Humeya. Proclaimed King of the Andalusians in 1568, Abén Humaya was the first leader of the Morisco uprising, until murdered by his own men and succeeded by his own son, Abén Aboo. After the suppression of the uprising, the village was resettled by Christian colonists coming from Jaén.

Ivan Sache, 15 May 2014

Symbols of Válor

The flag and arms of Válor, adopted on 19 April 2000 by the Municipal Council and validated on 21 December 2000 by the Royal Academy of Córdoba, are prescribed by Decree No. 33, adopted on 13 February 2001 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 13 March 2001 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 30 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).

The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 2:3, vertically divided into three equal parts, blue, white, and blue. Charged in the center with the crowned coat of arms of the town of Válor.
Coat of arms: Azure a crown ancient or surrounded by two crossed scimitars hilted or ensigned by a crescent argent. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The Royal Academy of History rejected a first proposal of coat of arms. The first quarter, representing Abén Humaya and identical to the arms eventually adopted, was validated by the Academy, which rejected the use of the quartered arms of Castile and León in the second quarter. The Academy proposed to swap the quarters and to use as the first one "Argent the anagram of Our Lady in letters sable".
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 1989, 186, 3: 478-479]

Ivan Sache & Klaus-Michael Schneider, 15 May 2014