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Jérez del Marquesado (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-06-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: jérez del marquesado |
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Flag of Jérez del Marquesado - Image from the Símbolos de Granada website, 13 June 2019

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Presentation of Jérez del Marquesado

The municipality of Jérez del Marquesado (977 inhabitants in 2018; 8,229 ha) is located 70 km east of Granada and 20 km south of Guadix.

Ivan Sache, 13 June 2019

Symbols of Jérez del Marquesado

The flag and arms of Jérez del Marquesado, adopted on 2 April 2019 by the Municipal Council and submitted on 12 April 2019 to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Resolution adopted on 25 April 2019 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 16 May 2019 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 92, pp. 43-44. (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 2:1 (length to width), horizontally divided into three parts, with the central strip twice wider than the two other. The upper stripe, blue, the central stripe, white, and the lower stripe, green. In the center, the municipal coat of arms, covering in width 2/5 of the flag's width.
Coat of arms: Spanish shield. Quarterly, 1. Argent a tower-minaret proper, 2. Quarterly per saltire, 1. and 4. Gules a bend vert fimbriated or, 2. and 3. The angelic salute "Ave María" "Gratia Plena" in letters azure , 3. Azure two mounts azure charged with a chestnut vert fructed and trunked proper on a base vert, [4. Argent a pomegranate proper]. The shield surmounted by a Spanish Royal crown open.

TThe second quarter features the well-known arms of the Mendoza lineage, recalling that Jérez del Marquesado is named for the Marquessate ("Marquesado") of Cenete.
The Marquessate of Cenete was erected in 1491 by Isabel the Catholic for Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar y Mendoza (1466?-1522), son of Cardinal Mendoza (1428-1495) and nephew of the Marquess of Santillana (1398-1458).

Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Figueroa (1415/1417-1479), the elder son of Íñigo López de Mendoza, First Marquis of Santillana, was made Duke of the Infantado (full title, "Duque de las Cinco Villas del Estado del Infantado") in 1475; subsequently, the Dukes of the Infantado were made first-rank Grandees of Spain, and were therefore allowed to wear their hat in the presence of the king. Íñigo de Arteaga y Martín (b. 1941) is the 19th Duke of the Infantado.
"Vert a bend gules fimbriated or" are the oldest known arms of Mendoza; subsequently modified several times, the arms always included a red bend on a green field. The arms quartered per saltire were introduced by the first Marquis of Santillana and appear on a seal dated 1440; the marquis quartered his father's arms (Mendoza) with his mother's arms (de la Vega). His descendants were known as Mendoza de Guadalajara or Mendoza de l'Ave María. In the representations of these arms, the first quarter is inscribed with "AVE MARÍA" while the third quarter is inscribed with "PLENA GRATIA" (or, at least "GRATIA").
[José Luis García de Paz (UAM), Los poderosos Mendoza]

Ivan Sache, 13 June 2019