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Játar (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2017-06-19 by ivan sache
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Flag of Játar - Image from the Símbolos de Granada website, 16 January 2017

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Presentation of Játar

The municipality of Játar (646 inhabitants in 2016; 957 ha) is located 10 km west of Arenas del Rey and 60 km of Granada.

The municipality of Játar was re-established by Decree No. 62, adopted on 3 February 2015 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 19 February 2015 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 34, pp. 13-25 (text), and on 14 December 2015 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 298, pp. 117,799-117,814 (text).

The former municipalities of Arenas del Rey, Fornes and Játar were merged to form the municipality of Arenas del Rey by Decree No. 837, adopted on 15 March 1973 by the Spanish Government and published on 4 April 1973 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 81, pp. 6,689-6,690 (text).
The separation of Játar and Fornes, requested on 21 December 1984 by the Municipal Council of Arenas del Rey, was rejected by Decree No. 288, adopted on 27 September 1988 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 11 October 1988 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 79, p. 4,227 (text), and on 16 November 1988 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 275, p. 32,267 (). At the time, the Government of Andalusia considered that settlements inhabited by less than 5,000 inhabitants could not be granted the municipal status.
The submunicipal entity of Játar, approved on 28 July 1988 by the Municipal Council of Arenas del Rey, was established by a Resolution adopted on 11 July 1989 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 11 August 1989 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 65, pp. 3,901-3,902 (text).
The separation was requested once again on 12 May 2011 by the Village Council of Játar from the Municipal Council of Arenas del Rey, which decided on 13 May 2011, by absolute majority, the initiation of the separation process. The separation was validated on 31 May 2012 by the Provincial Council and on 11 July 2012 by the Andalusian Council of Local Concertation.

Ivan Sache, 16 January 2017

Symbols of Játar

The flag and arms of Játar, adopted on 20 February 2017 by the Management Commission and submitted on 1 March 2017 to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Resolution adopted on 6 March 2017 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 13 March 2017 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 48, p. 134 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular in proportions 2:3. Made of a blue panel with a red isosceles triangle placed along its lower edge, the vertex reaching the center of the panel. Running from the ends of the lower edge, two white stripes converging to the center of the panel. All over, centered, the coat of arms of the municipality.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Gules a Ionic column argent with the capital and base or, ensigned by a pomegranate proper faceted gules with two leaves vert, 2a. Azure a mountain proper, 2b. Vert five fountain pipes pouring water in saltire. The shield surmounted by a Royal Spanish crown.

Red represents the commitment of all the population to obtain municipal independence, valour and triumph.
White represents liberty, as based on democracy, and the natural purity of the Sierra de Játar.
Blue represents justice and the clear, unmistakable sky.
The triangle represent the village of Játar, the white stripes represent the mountains, and the blue panel represents the sky.

The column is modelled on the coat of arms of Andalusia, as a reward for the grant of the municipal status by the regional government.
The pomegranate, modelled on the arms of Spain, of the Kingdom of Granada, and of the town of Alhama, represents the proud belonging of Játar to Spain, to a kingdom that was both Muslim and Christian, to the Province it has been incorporated to since its establishment, and to the town it once depended on as an alqueróa.
The mountain represents the natural environment, specifically the Sierra de Játar.
The waterpipes, modelled on the fountain of the Plaza del Ayuntamiento, recall the abundance and quality of water, its sources and fountains.
[Alhama Communicación, 26 March 2016]

Andrés García Maldonado, today Secretary General of the Chamber of Commerce of Málaga, was born in 1948 in Alhama de Granada. García Maldonado (website) moved to Málaga in 1967 and to Rincón de la Victoria in 1982. However, he never forgot his home town, "a bridge between Granada and Málaga", where he still owns a house; he was awarded on 10 June 2010 the title of "Prefered Child" of Alhama. A journalist, historian, lawyer and professor, García Maldonado contributed to the foundation of the University of Málaga (1973). He presided several associations, such as the Málaga Press Association, and local circles. He founded cultural festivals, such as the Alhama Festival, the Andaslusian Song Festival and the Andalusian Sea Festival, and presided official events, such as the Centenary of Pablo Picasso and the Centenary of the Andalusian Earthquakes (1984-1986). The latter event involved more than 100 towns and villages and peaked with the reconstruction in Alhama of the Monument to Universal Solidarity, eventually inaugurated in 2003. García Maldonado released in 1992 the "Manifesto for the Concord between Peoples and Cultures", calling for the removal of the opposition of cultures and nations from the historical, cultural and traditional commemorations.
García Maldonado published some 60 books and more than 100 monographs on the history of the Provinces of Granada and Málaga, with a special emphasis on Alhama; he was awarded the Spanish Writers' Gold Medal in 1996. Also a playwright, he wrote in 1969 La reclamación de Judas, forbidden by the government after the first performance held at the Málaga Experimental Theater.

Ivan Sache, 7 June 2017