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Cardeñuela Riopico (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: cardeñuela riopico |
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Presentation of Cardeñuela Riopico

The municipality of Cardeñuela Riopico (133 inhabitants in 2010; 1,130 ha; municipal website) is located in the heart of the Province of Burgos, 15 km of Burgos. The municipality is made of the villages of Cardeñuela Riopico (capital) and Villalval.

Cardeñuela Riopico was named for the San Pedro de Cardeña monastery (diminutive form) and river (rio) Pico; mentioned for the first time on the founding charter of the Royal monastery of Covarrubias, dated 24 November 978, the village was formerly known as Cardeñuela de Val de Orbaneja. The village was then granted to Abbess Urraca, the daughter of Count García Fernández. On 12 December 1046, Cardeñuela was transferred to the San Pedro de Cardeña monastery; the monks would rule the village until the 19th century.

Ivan Sache, 28 March 2011

Symbols of Cardeñuela Riopico

The flag and arms of Cardeñuela Riopico are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 14 October 1999 by the Burgos Provincial Government, signed on 17 November 1999 by the President of the Government and published on 29 November 1999 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 230, p. 11,586 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Quadrangular flag, with three horizontal stripes, the upper stripe red, 4:10; the central stripe gold, 2:10; and the lower stripe green, 4:10. In the middle of the yellow stripe is placed the municipal coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Arms of Castile, gules a castle or masoned sable port and windows azure, 2. Vert a crozier argent charged with St. Peter's keys (argent and or), grafted in base azure a yoke or charged with a scythe of the same. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown.

The Royal Academy of History did not accept the inclusion of the arms of the Kings of Castile on a modern coat of arms just because the municipality is located in Castile. The easiest solution would be to change the color of the first quarter to avoid confusion with the arms of Castile. The academy also recommended to suppress the grafted base of the shield, which adds unnecessary complexity to the design and contains charges with straightforward political meaning. The flag is acceptable provided the coat of arms is corrected (Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia, 2001, 198, 3: 561).

Ivan Sache, 28 March 2011