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Cillaperlata (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
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Flag of Cillaperlata - Image from the Escudos y Banderas de la Provincia de Burgos website, 15 January 2014

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Presentation of Cillaperlata

The municipality of Cillaperlata (40 inhabitants in 2010; 1,682 ha; unofficial website) is located in the north of the Province of Burgos, 80 km of Burgos.

Cillaperlata developed around the San Juan de la Hoz (hoz means here "a deep valley") monastery, founded by Abbot Alejandro Quellino and already documented in 790 as keeping the tomb of King of Asturias Fruela (d. 768, indeed buried in the Oviedo Cathedral). Barrio de Arriba (The Upper Borough), today ruined, was mentioned in 967, while the St. Mary church of Barrio de Abajo (The Lower Borough), today the site of the village, was mentioned in 1011, when Trigidia left the San Juan de la Hoz monastery to become the first abbess of the San Salvador de Oña monastery founded by her father Sancho García, third Count of Castile. Subsequently transformed into a men's monastery, San Juan de la Hoz was ruined during the French invasion and the Carlist Wars.
The chapel of the Virgen de Encinillas recalls the victory of Pelagius over 9,000 Moors, said to have occurred on 9 August 720. The tradition says that the Virgin shortened the night by two hours to facilitate the Christian victory. Accordingly, the battle and chapel are also known as Negro Día (Dark Day).

Ivan Sache, 22 March 2011

Symbols of Cillaperlata

The flag and arms of Cillaperlata are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 4 June 1999 by the Burgos Provincial Government, signed on 15 June 1999 by the President of the Government, and published on 25 June 1999 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 121, p. 6,840 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Castilian flag, with proportions 1:1, the field azure with two triangles vert in lower hoist and fly, all over a Virgin with child and a chapel or.
Coat of arms: Azure in a valley a rock with two [hermit's] caves all proper ensigned with a Virgin or with the child of the same face and hands proper sitting on a throne or protected by an arch and columns of the same, in base waves argent and azure. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown closed.

Ivan Sache, 15 January 2014