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Unidad Educativa Abdón Calderón (Ecuador)

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: ecuador |
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image by Ivan Sache, 10 November 2014

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Unidad Educativa Abdón Calderón was established in the parish of Molletura, part of Cuenca canton (Azuay province), as the merger of Colegio Nacional Mixto Abdón Calderón, originally established by Ministerial Decree No. 3,090 of 28 June 1982, and Escuela Primero de Enero. The institute is named for the "Child Hero", Abdón Calderón Garaycoa (1804-1822), a symbol of valiance, courage, and perseverance. Born in Cuenca, Abdón Calderón was the son of Colonel Francisco Calderón, executed on 1 December 1812 by the Spaniards after the defeat of the patriots in El Panecillo, and of Manuela de Jesús de Garaycoa y Llaguno, who died in poverty in 1813 in Guayaquil after the confiscation of the family goods by the colonial authorities. When the Guayaquil Revolution broke out on 9 October 1820, Abdón, aged 18, enrolled himself into the "Voluntarios de la Patria " battalion of the patriot army ("División Protectora de Quito") set up by José Joaquín de Olmedo. His heroic behaviour during the Battle of the Camino Real (9 November 1820) was awarded with the rank of Lieutenant. Abdón fought in all the battles of the liberation campaign that allowed the patriots to march from Guayaquil against Cuenca and Quito. During the Battle of Pichincha, fought on 24 May 1822, Abdón Calderón, hit four times by the enemy, refused to abandon the front line where he had raised the flag of Guayaquil. Transported to Quito, he died a few days later and was, posthumously, awarded the rank of Captain by Simón Bolívar.
Source: - Institute's website
Ivan Sache, 10 November 2014


The flag of the institute is presented as horizontally divided olive green-yellow. Green is a symbol of aspiration to a better future, while yellow is the symbol the resources of the area.
Source: - Institute's website

The flag in actual, official use, however, is horizontally divided golden yellow-olive green.
Ivan Sache, 10 November 2014