Last modified: 2020-07-31 by ian macdonald
Keywords: opium war | china | qing dynasty |
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image by Jaume Ollé, 02 December 2009
Tri-star flag used in Opium War against British Invaders Qing Dynasty. The
black triangle flag charged with white three stars and white fringe.
The First Opium War or the First Anglo-Chinese War was fought between the British East India Company and the Qing Dynasty of China from 1839 to 1842 with the aim of forcing China to allow free trade, particularly in opium. The Treaty of Nanjing, first of the unequal treaties, granted an indemnity to Britain, opening of five Treaty Ports, and the cession of Hong Kong Island, ending the monopoly of trading in the Canton System. The wars are often cited as the end of China's isolation and the beginning of modern Chinese history.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 02 December 2009