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Belize, Belice

Last modified: 2024-07-13 by rob raeside
Keywords: belize | british honduras |
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[Flag of Belize] (3:5) image by Zoltan Horvath, 18 April 2024

Official Name: Belize
Previous name: British Honduras
Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy
Flag adopted: 21 September 1981
Coat of Arms adopted: 21 September 1981

See also

The Flag

The white disk in the center has 50 olive leaves along its inner periphery. This represents the year 1950, when British Honduras (Belize's former name) began its quest for independence from the UK. When Belize became independent in 1981, the two red stripes were added to the previous flag.

In the center of the white disk there is a coat of arms divided in three sections. The left field holds an oar and a sledgehammer, the right one contains a saw and an ax, and the bottom one has a sailing ship. If one looks at the ship closely, one sees a red flag flying which might be a British Red Ensign.

Above the coat of arms, there is a tree, and below the coat of arms, one can see Belize's motto "Sub umbra floreo" -- I flourish in the shadow (referring to the dependence from the UK). There is a mulatto man holding an ax to the left of the coat of arms. On the right side, a black man holds an oar.

The coat of arms seems to have been slightly modified compared to the arms in the 'pre-independence' flag (without stripes) shown in W. Smith's book. Note the change of darkness of the green, and the substitution of the orange with yellow for the right section of the coat of arms. Also, the saw went from a blade saw to a bow saw. On the old flag, the men stand on the motto, whereas on the new one, they are on the ground, and the motto is smaller.
Željko Heimer, 17 February 1996

Standardization of the flag

In 2019, Belize standardized its flag for the first time since its introduction years ago, and if I'm correct this standardization was the result of constant appearances of the flag lacking a specific fitting design that matched each other as correct. As a result a new design was introduced and the colors and seal size we're modified. An image of a pre-2019 Belize flag made in the 1980s by Annin, if you notice clearly, shows the emblem is somewhat different, the tree is smaller, there is a lack of grass beneath the two men and there is no brown branch within the outer ring of the emblem. the colors are also darker, this is a 4x6 table flag I purchased for a dollar from a set of flags and I noticed the flag seemed "off" in a way.
BlinxCat, 23 April 2022

I have never seen any document form of the standardisation in 2019, but there is a video of a government presentation available on Facebook at Around 15:24 in the video, you can see a slide presenting 13 colours to be used in the standardised flag, labelled "ISO colour codes for the production of the flag", but giving colour specs in quite a hodge podge of colour schemes.
They are:
Green: CMYK 75-33-100-20, RGB #527b44
Brown (wood, I think): "C:143 M:92 B47 #8FSC2F" !!! Presumably RGB 143-92-47, #8f5c2f
Sinister supporter skin: 80% Pantone 483 C
Dexter supporter skin: 80% Pantone 4645 C
Black (RGB #00000)
Dark grey: RGB 77-77-77 / 70% black
Middle grey: RGB 204-204-204, 20% black
Light grey: RGB #e8e8e6 (twice in different forms)
Yellow: RGB #ffe682 (twice in different forms)
Light Blue: RGB #9dc9e2 (twice, one with typo)
Bright blue: RGB #0000ff (twice)
Field blue: RGB #171696 (twice)
Red: RGB #d60f19 (twice)
Jonathan Dixon, 17 June 2024

Specifications for the flag

The protocol manual for the London 2012 Olympics (Flags and Anthems Manual London 2012 [loc12]) provides recommendations for national flag designs. Each NOC was sent an image of the flag, including the PMS shades, for their approval by LOCOG. Once this was obtained, LOCOG produced a 60 x 90 cm version of the flag for further approval. So, while these specs may not be the official, government, version of each flag, they are certainly what the NOC believed the flag to be.
For Belize: PMS 032 red, 285 blue, 293 blue, 355 green, 139 brown, 102 yellow, 468 brown and black. The vertical version is simply the flag turned through 90 degrees clockwise.
Ian Sumner, 10 October 2012

I haven’t found any documents, but only some articles with images of flag and coat of arms:

Proportions of flag are 3:5 (as standardized in 2019), instead of 2:3.

Other sources for colors:
The Flag Manual - Beijing 2008 gives PMS 032 (red), PMS 102 (yellow), PMS 293 (blue), PMS 355 (green), PMS 125 (brown), PMS 285 (light blue), and PMS 139 (light brown). (The illustration is dark blue.)

The Album des Pavillons 2000 [pay00] (Corr. No. 5.) gives approximate colors in Pantone and
CMYK systems:
Red: Pantone 186c, CMYK 0-90-80-5
Blue: Pantone 294c, CMYK 100-55-0-15
Green Pantone 356c, CMYK 100-0-90-20
Yellow Pantone 110c, CMYK 0-10-95-5
Proportions 2:3.

Flags and Anthems Manual London 2012 [loc12] gives PMS 032 (red), PMS 285 (light blue), PMS 293 (dark blue), PMS 355 (green), PMS 139 (brown), PMS 102 (yellow), PMS 468 (beige), and PMS Black. (The illustration is light blue.)

The Album des Pavillons 2023 already specifies the colors of the flags in three color systems:
Blue Pantone 280c, CMYK 100-90-34-22, RGB 1-33-105
Blue Pantone 294c, CMYK 100-85-34-17, RGB 0-47-108
Blue Pantone 543c, CMYK 40-12-7-0, RGB 164-200-225
Red Pantone 186c, CMYK 14-100-79-4, RGB 200-16-46
Yellow Pantone 110c, CMYK 15-31-98-3, RGB 218-170-0
Green Pantone 356c, CMYK 88-26-100-12, RGB 0-122-51
Proportions 2:3.

Vexilla Mundi gives unofficial colors in Pantone system: PMS 185C (red) , PMS Reflex Blue C, PMS White, PMS 1205C (yellow), PMS 364C (green), PMS Black, PMS 464C (light brown), PMS 483C (brown), PMS 4645 (beige), PMS 7540C (grey), PMS Cool Grey 3C, and PMS Cool Grey 1C .
Proportions 3:5.

Wikipedia refers to standardization, but only gives Hex color values.
Blue #171696, Red #d90f19, White #fff fff, Green #338a00, Brown 1 #b68a6a, Brown 2 #653024,
Yellow #ffe682, #9dc9e2
Proportions 3:5.

Zoltan Horvath, 18 April 2024

History of the Flag

The blue flag with a white disk (without the stripes) was adopted on February 2, 1950, as British Honduras started its journey toward independence. The two red stripes were added on September 21, 1981, when Belize officially became independent from the UK. Surprisingly, the motto (Sub umbra floreo) was not changed in 1981, even after independence from the UK.

The coat of arms shown on the flag was given to British Honduras on January 28, 1907. It has remained mainly unchanged ever since, except for some minor changes which were discussed above.
Željko Heimer, 17 February 1996

From the Belize Government Website:
"The National Flag

The red, white and blue flag of Belize is a symbol of the unity of our nation. Prior to Independence the People's United Party (PUP) proposed a blue flag with the Coat of Arms in a white circle. Because of the close association of the flag with the PUP, public opinion was divided as to its suitability to act as a unifying symbol. The United Democratic Party (UDP) did not propose a flag, but called for a flag that could rally all citizens, regardless of their political affiliation. As a consequence, the bi-partisan National Symbols Committee invited citizens to submit designs for a National Flag.
The design selected by the Committee is a royal blue flag with one horizontal red stripe at the top, one at the bottom, and a white circle with the Coat of Arms in the centre."
Jarig Bakker, 16 November 1999

Belize Civil Ensign (up to 2010)?

image by Zoltan Horvath, 28 March 2014

There is a ship in dock in Bristol at the moment registered in Belize. She is flying a UK Red Ensign as a courtesy flag but its own ensign is simply a blue field with red stripes top and bottom - no white disc with Belize coat of arms.
I haven't read of this elsewhere as a simplified flag or ensign for Belize and I wonder whether it has previously been reported. I can understand the desire to simplify the complex design (for cost reasons if nothing else), but this didn't even have the white disc (though if it had, that would have made it rather Laotian).
Andre Coutanche, 27 June 2001

Nothing of the sort in Album 2000 [pay00] , nor anywhere else as far as I know. However, Smith reports in his 1980 book the tendency of simplification. Of course, at that time there were no red stripes on the flag present, and the simplification observed was blue flag with white disk. If I am not much mistaken, many vexillologist would expect something of the sort - though, as much as you are surprised, my guess is that they would be also - to simplify it some much as to remove even the disk might seem overmuch. I wouldn't know if the same was reported before, but it may well happen that this is more rule then the exception. We must wait and see some more examples, however, before concluding anything - after all it may be that the ship's flagman was simply mistaken ...
Željko Heimer, 28 June 2001

A colleague of mine looked at your web site and noticed you had posted an enquiry about the Belize registered ship MV Lucie in Bristol dock. Lucie was chartered by the Bristol Old Vic to take part in a theatrical performance "Up the Feeder, Down the Mouth and Back Again" on which I happened to be working.  After looking at the web site I was intrigued too and decided to ask the Captain about the flag. Apparently it is the Belize maritime flag. It prompted the Captain to point out a chart on the bridge which displayed national maritime flags and sure enough the simplified blue and red ensign was there. I hope this is of use to you and it was great reading about our ship on your website.
Jo Cuthbert, 11 July 2001

Belize does not use a "simplified" version (i.e., a version without the arms) of its flag as a civil ensign. Rather, the Belize national flag bearing the full arms serves that purpose.
The controlling law is the Merchant Ships (Registration) Act, 2010, No. 22 of 2010. Part III, section 28 thereof says:

28. (1) The national colour of a Belizean ship shall be the national flag of Belize and such ship shall wear no other flag.

The website for the Ship Registry of Belize shows the national flag, also.
James T. Liston, 28 March 2014

I haven't seen any conflict here, because previous reports about Belize Ensign were posted before 2010.
I think, this is a quite new regulation about Merchant Ships, but I would know more about an earlier law or regulation of Belizean ensign (if any).
This recent report does not mean non-existence of this ensign in the past, and even some observers reported this ensign when they saw it with their own eyes in Bristol.
Zoltan Horvath, 28 March 2014

I merely suspect it was more of one-off sighting rather than a formally established flag. I can find no legislation or written source supporting such a flag and have never seen one used.
The Registration of Merchant Ships Act, Chapter 236, Rev. ed. 2003, "Showing the Subsidiary Laws as at October 31, 2003" provided identically to the 2010 act, as far as the national flag is concerned:

Part VI: Name and Flag of Ship
52(1) The national color of a Belizean ship shall be the national flag of Belize and such ship shall wear no other flag.

That's stated as of October 2003... The original Belizean Ship Registration Act dates from 1989, but I can't put my hands on a copy of it at this moment.
James T. Liston, 28 March 2014

You may right, but I'm not sure in this issue, others may capture such a flag or get some documentation.
Zoltan Horvath, 28 March 2014

1981 Flag

[Flag of Belize] (2:3) image by Zoltan Horvath, 23 April 2014

According to 'Pavillons nationaux et marques distinctives' [pay00] - National Flag (CSW/CSW 2:3) - The details of the coat of arms, as it is tradition of British (and not only British) heraldry are allowed to vary to the artistic representation as long as they follow the blazon, and therefore differences shown in each picture of this flag are understandable, I guess. This is also one of those former British colonies that did not adopt the British custom of different ensigns for different use on sea (and land) and all functions are covered with a flag of single design. This may be influence of the big USA relatively near (and influential), but on the other hand, Central American states in the vicinity all know about different ensigns for various purposes.
Do we know anything about details of this flag? - The stripes seem to be 1/10 of the flag hoist and the disk is like 6/10. Is that defined somewhere?
The [smi80] also who the triangular flag of the Minister President - would there be a matching flag in use today?
Željko Heimer, 4 March 2001

A Flag Day Presentation to detail the new standardization of the flag was held on Wednesday, August 28, 2019 by the National Celebrations Commission (NCC). There, Nigel Encalada, Director of the Institute for Social and Cultural Research, gave those details. According to Encalada, it has been an ongoing process which has used the knowledge and skills of the NCC, National Institute of Culture and History (NICH), and other personnel to research at the archives and libraries on a national level. Their research even got them as far as London and Jamaica.

The modern flag that we are now familiar with was first hoisted in 1981, the year of our independence. It was designed by two public officers at the time, Everal Waight, Public Secretary, and Inez Sanchez, Chief Education Officer after a plea was made to make the initial flag a more unifying symbol. Prior to our independence, the People’s United Party (PUP) proposed a blue flag with the Coat of Arms in a white circle. Because of the close association of the flag with the PUP, public opinion was divided as to its suitability to act as a unifying symbol. The United Democratic Party (UDP) did not propose a flag, but called for a flag that could rally all citizens, regardless of their political affiliation. As a consequence, the government of the time appointed a bi-partisan National Symbols Committee that launched a competition and invited citizens to submit designs for a National Flag. It is the Waight-Sanchez design, called the “Flag of Unity” that fulfilled that criteria and was selected.

It is with reference to that flag that the new flag, 2019’s, was updated and now standardized. Encalada says that the NCC proposed a paper to Cabinet asking permission to standardize the flag, its color scheme, protocol, and to develop a statutory instrument (SI), which will be drafted by the Office of the Attorney General. Before they were given the go-ahead, they were asked to consult with the Leader of the Opposition and to ensure that the new flag reflects the 1981 flag’s color scheme.
Adhering to those conditions, the team was underway. At a glance, the new flag looks exactly the same as the 1981 version, but as Encalada explains, there were subtle changes made. For example, the two men which stand on either side of the coat of arms and are surrounded by the wreath have been drawn to be more anatomically accurate. The men on the previous version were drawn in a “caricature style”. The men now also have realistic skin tones which, like all other colors on the flag, now have particular codes, which printers can refer to to achieve a true-color flag.
Although this new standard of the flag is not yet law, there are strides being made in that direction, but Encalada says that distributors and holders of the current versions of the flag are being given a six-month period to sell those flags.
The mayor or mayor representative from each municipality were each at the presentation and were given a new standard flag, presented to them by Chair of the NCC and Deputy Prime Minister, Hon. Patrick Faber. Encalada encouraged each mayor and mayor representative to integrate the new flag into their municipality and to educate their city or town people on the updates made on the flag.
September 1 is nationally regarded as National Flag Day in Belize and the person who is responsible for the inception of this day, Captain Nicolas Sanchez, who currently lives in Canada, was honored at the presentation. He was the first person to, of his own will and monies, purchase around twenty flags and hoisted them by himself at the flag monument on Freetown Road. It was after some time that he was joined by the Belize Boy Scouts in his efforts."
Guardian, 30 August 2019

Ivan Sache, 5 April 2020

Baron Bliss Day

March 9th is a flag day, Baron Bliss Day in Belize (many thanks to Alex Smith):
Baron Bliss, a wealthy Englishman, inherited the title 4th Baron of Bliss from the Kingdom of Portugal. He arrived in Belize in 1926. When told he had few weeks to live he changed his will and set up a trust fund for his wife, which, after her death, would go to the country of Belize. His estate was believed to be valued at perhaps 1,000,000 pounds sterling. If you want more details, you can go to
Edward Mooney, 10 March 1998