Last modified: 2021-12-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: santa catarina | guaraciaba |
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image by Ivan Sache,
3 November 2021
The municipality of Guaraciaba (10,498 inhabitants in 2010; 33,100 ha) is
located 730 km of Florianópolis.
Guaraciaba was settled in the 1940s. On 2 September 1945, Father Aurélio Canzi celebrated the first mass in the new settlement, which he named to Guaraciaba.
The municipality of Guaraciaba was established by State Law No. 733 promulgated on 20 July 1961, separating from São Miguel de Oeste, and inaugurated on 1 October 1961.
Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021
An upright centred red cross, bordered white, on a blue field, with the municipal arms in the centre.
Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 13 June 2012
The flag and arms of Guaraciaba are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 314
promulgated on 20 September 1974.
The municipal flag of Guaraciaba, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria, shall be quartered by a cross, with blue quarters formed by white stripes of 2 units in width superimposed with red stripes of 1 unit, placed horizontally and vertically and crossing each other in the center, concealed by a white circle of 8 units in circumference charged with the municipal coat of arms.
§1. In compliance with the tradition of Portuguese heraldry, and their inherited canons and rules, municipal flags have to be divided in eight, six, four or three parts, featuring the same colors as the field of the coat of arms and in the center or at hoist a geometrical figure inscribing the municipal coat of arms.
§2. The municipal flag of Guaraciaba obeys this general rule, being quartered in cross, recalling the people's Christian spirit. The coat of arms applied on the flag represents the municipal government while the white circle inscribing it represents the town proper as the municipal seat. The circle is a symbol of eternity, being a geometrical figure without either a beginning or an end. White is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity and religious spirit. The white stripes charged with red stripes that quarter the flag represent the spread of municipal power all over the territory. Red is a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage and valiance. The blue quarters represent the rural estates scattered over the municipal territory. Blue is a symbol of justice, nobleness, perseverance, zeal and loyalty.
In compliance with heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions adopted for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 units in length.
The coat of arms of Guaraciaba, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria, is described as follows:
A Samnite shield surmounted by a six-towered mural crown argent ports gules. On a field azure in chief a crescent argent radiating on a Cross of Christ gules issuant from the base superimposed with an Eucharistic chalice or with a host argent hold by hands proper issuant from the base. The shield supported dexter and sinister by soybean and maize plants proper superimposed by a scroll gules containing in letters argent the toponym "GUARACIABA" and the date "1° DE OUTUBRO - 1961".
The coat of arms has the following symbolic interpretation:
a) The Samnite shield, used to represent the arms of Guaraciaba, was the first style of shield introduced to Portugal by French influence, inherited by the Brazilian heraldry to evoke the colonizing race and main builder of the nation;
b) The mural crown surmounting the shield is the universal symbol of domain's coat of arms; argent (silver) with six towers, four visible in perspective view, it classifies the town as of third rank or municipal seat.
c) Azure (blue) is a symbol of justice, nobleness, zeal, loyalty, recreation and beauty.
d) The crescent argent (silver) radiating to the shield's field makes the arms canting, "Guaraciaba" meaning "Moon Ray".
e) Since the toponym was coined by the priest who served the first mass, the panoply composed of a Cross of Christ gules (red), an Eucharistic chalice including a host or (gold) and hold by hands issuant from the base, reproduces the Consecration, highlighting on the arms the Christian faith of Guaraciaba's people.
f) Argent (silver) is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity and religious spirit. Or (gold) is a symbol of glory, splendor, greatness, wealth and sovereignty.
g) The outer ornaments, maize and soybean, represent the main products of the generous and fertile soil, the base of municipal income.
i) On a scroll gules (red), a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage and valiance, in letters argent (silver) the identifying toponym "GUARACIABA" surrounded by the date of its political emancipation, "1° DE OUTUBRO - 1961".
Legislação Municipal database
Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021