Last modified: 2022-03-05 by ian macdonald
Keywords: parana | pontal do paraná |
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The municipality of Pontal do Paraná (28,529 inhabitants in 2021; 20,055 ha)
is located at the southern entrance of the Bay of Paranaguá, 100 km east of
Pontal do Paraná was established on 20 January 1951, when the Government of Paraná granted a vast area to the municipality of Paranaguá, who commissioned Empresa Balneária Pontal do Sul on 1 February 1951 to design urban planning of the area. With time, planning dramatically drifted away from the original proposal. Some planned streets were transformed into watercourses for sanitation and navigation, and several stretches of the only inlet that existed at the beginning of the settlement of the resort (Rio Perequê) were modified.
The first urban nucleus in Pontal do Sul was inaugurated on 7 April 1951. Problems with illegal possessions and with local residents have been common since the implementation of the resort, and have persisted to this day. Real estate speculation also caused small nuclei of residents to migrate to areas further away from the beach, as the urban nucleus was formed and properties appreciated.
From 1980 onward, a business park was implemented in the northern portion of the Pontal do Sul resort, in the area known as Ponta do Poço, managed by three companies that built continental platforms for oil exploration (FEM, TECHINT and TENENGE). For some years the industrial site attracted workers from many states, reaching 3,000 workers at the beginning of that decade. These companies later stopped building platforms in the Ponta do Poço region, whose employees were transferred to other construction sites or ended up staying in Pontal do Sul, with no new job options.
In 1980, the Center for Marine Biology (CBM), currently the Center for the Study of the Sea (CEM) of the Federal University of Paraná, was also implemented in Pontal do Sul, with the aim of developing research in the area of oceanography. From 1987 onward, the local population began to demand the political emancipation of the beaches in the municipality of Paranaguá to form a new municipality, called Pontal do Paraná, which was obtained in October 1996.
The flag of Pontal do Paraná is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 64 promulgated on 15 December 1997.
The municipal flag of Pontal do Paraná, designed and described in accordance with municipal heraldry, has in its upper left canton a twenty-pointed sun and in the center a geometric figure composed of three islands. The flag is made up of four colors: light blue, dark blue, yellow and white, with the following meaning.
I - The light blue color symbolizes the sky and the sea in their greatness, as well as justice, nobleness, perseverance, recreation and the special climate of the municipality.
II - The dark blue color symbolizes the exuberant natural environment of the municipality.
III - The white color symbolizes peace, friendship, purity, work and religious spirit of the inhabitants.
IV - The yellow color represents wealth, symbolizing the municipality's glory, progress, greatness and sovereignty.
V - The sun represents the splendor of the municipality in its plenitude.
VI - The islands represent the Currais islands, symbolizing ecology and life.
In compliance with heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions prescribed for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 (units in length.
Leis Municipais database
The three Currais islands, located 12 km off Praia de Leste (East Beach), form a Marine National Park established by Federal Law No. 12,829 promulgated on 20 June 2013. This was the first Marine National Park established in Paraná and the third in Brazil. The islands, without any beach, harbor more than 8,000 birds. They are surrounded by four reefs inhabited by a population of Atlantic goliath groupers aka itajaras, Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822), threatened by excessive fishing.
((o))eco, 25 June 2013
Law No. 12,829
Image from the municipal website
Ivan Sache, 7 February 2022