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Ankara (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2017-09-14 by ivan sache
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[Flag of Ankara]         [Flag of Ankara]

Flag of Ankara, current and former versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 22 February 2016, and Jens Pattke, 11 November 2012, respectively.

See also:

Flag of Ankara

The flag of Ankara (photo is white with the town's emblem in the middle. The former flag of Ankara featured a slightly different emblem.

Tomislav Šipek, 22 February 2016

In Turkey the Governor has to approve any change of the flag. According to Agence France Presse, the Governor of Ankara has announced on 4 July 1995 that he will confiscate all the flags with the new town arms on it if they are hoisted. The Town Council of Ankara recently changed the flag, replacing the Hettite sun by a mosque. The change in the flag was proposed by the Moslim fundamentalists members of the Town Council. A protest campaign against the new flag was launched by some inhabitants of Ankara.

Jos Poels, 12 July 1995

In the meantime, the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara uses the flag with the mosque everywhere. The protest campaign continues but the Mayor does not want to change the emblem. The left parties claim that it is illegal to use the emblem but the Mayor has the power. I think the Municipality will continue using the current emblem unless a new Mayor from a different party wins the next elections.

Onur Özgün, 17 November 2001


Ankara University

[Ankara University]

Flag of Ankara University - Image by Eugene Ipavec, 23 July 2010

Ankara University was established in 1946 and folded into were the pre- existing Faculties of Law (1925), Humanities (1935), Science (1943) and Medicine (1945). Later on were incorporated the Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine (1933, as the Higher Institute of Agriculture), Divinity (1949), Political Science (1950), Pharmacy (1960), Dentistry (1963), Educational Sciences (1965), Communication (1965), Health Education (1996, renamed Health Sciences in 2007) and Engineering (2001, splitting from the Faculty of Science).
In 2010, Ankara University catered 30,000 students and more than 1,710 faculty members.

The flag of Ankara University (photo) is blue with the university's emblem, all white, in the middle.

The emblem of the university is made of the golden Sun Disc placed on a blue disc surrounded by a blue ring outlined in gold and charged with the name of the university and its founding year, 1946, all in gold. On the flag, the emblem is all white.
The Sun Disc is shown and described as follows on the university's website:

The symbol of Ankara University is the Sun Disc. This symbol is commonly regarded as belonging to the Hittite civilization and usually connotes Ankara and Anatolia.
After its discovery, it was first used as its symbol by the Faculty of Humanities, and later was adopted as the symbol of Ankara University after its establishment. Prof. Dr. Aykut Çınaroğlu, a retired member of the Department of Protohistory & Pre-Asia within the Faculty of Humanities explains that the Sun Disc was unearthed during the excavations that were started in 1935 under the direction of Atatürk, and in fact the symbol belongs to the Hattis from the pre-Hittite period: "The Sun Disc is made of bronze, and was commonly used over 4,250 years ago in religious as well as in other ceremonies. Just as it was used by the Ottoman Janissary Band, it was used to produce a sound when it was rattled, and this would affect the crowd by making them attentive. The circle which forms the perimeter of the disc represents either the earth or the sun. At the bottom, there are two horn-like protrusions which in fact are not representative of horns, although there is no clear agreement as to what they represent. The protrusions at the top, on the other hand represent fecundity, and the procreation of nature. The birds, also symbolize fecundity and the freedom of nature. The fact that this was a sun disc was understood after the discovery of a similar artifact shaped like the sun and beaming light, and all similar artifacts were called sun discs thereafter". Prof. Dr. Çınaroğlu stresses the point that the disc is definitely not a Hittite artifact. He explains that the disc belongs to the earliest of Anatolian civilizations whose name is known, the Hattis, and it is wrongly interpreted as being Hittite. According to Pr. Çınaroğlu, the sun disc was made and used approximately 300 years before the arrival of the Hittites in Anatolia. The Hattis were the most ancient of people speaking an Asiatic language in Anatolia, a group which also has influenced the Turkish language. Pr. Çınaroğlu says that the sun disc was discovered inside a tomb of a Hatti chieftain in Alacahöyük and is to be found nowhere else but Alacahöyük, and also that the Hatti kings were buried in funeral ceremonies typically with 4-5 such symbols of similar design.

Eugene Ipavec & Ivan Sache, 1 November 2010

Bilkent University

[Bilkent University flag]         [Bilkent University flag]

Flag of the Bilkent University, horizontal and vertical versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 17 February 2007

Quoting the online presentation of the University:

Bilkent University was founded on 20 October 1984 by Ihsan Dogramaci, through the joint resolution of Ihsan Dogramaci Education Foundation, Ihsan Dogramaci Science and Research Foundation and Ihsan Dogramaci Health Foundation. The establishment of this private university was later approved by an Act of Parliament. The aim was to create a center of excellence in higher education and research. The name "Bilkent" exemplifies the founder's aim, since it is an acronym of bilim kenti, Turkish for "city of science and knowledge".
It had long been an objective of the founder to establish a private university distinguished by its high quality education and research. The founder, himself an Academician by profession, had earlier contributed to the establishment of numerous public institutions of higher learning and served as Rector of Ankara University, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Middle East Technical University and founder and first Rector of Hacettepe University.
In October 1986 Bilkent University admitted its first students. That year there were 386 undergraduate and graduate students. Currently there are over 10,000 students in nine Faculties, two four-year Professional Schools, two two-year Vocational Schools and the School of English Language plus six graduate Schools (called Institutes). Among them are foreign students from 72 countries. With funds from the endowments provided by the founder, the university each year awards full scholarships to over 2,500 students of high academic achievement. Each year, more than 1,600,000 high-school graduates take the national examination to enter the 53 state and 25 private universities in Turkey. Bilkent gets many of the very best of these students. For example, in the 2005 examination, 32 of the top 100 scorers chose Bilkent.
The faculty is comprised of an academic staff from 43 different countries. Most of them were working in prominent universities in North America and Europe when they received offers from Bilkent University. According to ISI Citation Indexes, Bilkent continues to be first in Turkey in number of published papers per faculty member and ranks high internationally.

The flag of the Bilkent University is shown on a picture of the Bilken Symphony Orchestra playing during the 2005 graduation ceremony. The flag is hung vertically on the back wall together with the Turkish national flag, flanking a portrait of Ataturk. The flag is horizontally divided red-blue (apparently 1:2) with the emblem of the University in a white disk overall.
The emblem of the University is shown on several pages of the University website, for instance on the pages of the Computer Engineering Department. The emblem is a blue shield with a red border; inside, a red rising sun forms several white rays. A red rectangular scroll with BILKENT / UNIVERSITY in white letters is placed above the sun, which is itself charged with VERITAS in white letters.There is another red scroll below the shield, made of three parts charged with SCIENCE, ART, TECHNOLOGY, respectively, in white letters. The writings in English are not surprising because all lectures at the University are given in English except those on the Turkish Law.
However, on the aforementioned flag, the letterings in the scroll below the shield are in Turkish and not in English. The matching writings are BILKENT / UNIVERSITESI - GERÇEK - BILIM - SANAT - TEKNIK.
The vertical flag is also used outdoors.
Another picture of the graduation ceremony shows the horizontal version of the University flag and confirms the blue colour, which was not sure from the picture of the vertical flag. The picture shows other flags, maybe faculty or student organisation's flags.

Ivan Sache, 17 February 2007

Middle East Technical University

[University flag]

Flag of the METU, as seen on 29 April 2014 (TV images) - Image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 30 April 2014

Middle East Technical University - METU (Orta Doğu Teknik †niversitesi - ODTÜ), established in 1956 in Ankara, is one of the biggest universities in Turkey.
The swallow-tailed banner of METU is vertically divided white-red with the universitys emblem shifted to the top. The emblem of METU displays two crescents in couterchanged colours facing one another and thus forming letter "O".

Klaus-Michael Schneider, 30 April 2014

Football clubs



Flag of Gençlerbirliği - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 March 2016

Gençlerbirligi football club, nicknamed Ankara Rüzgâri (The Wind of Ankara), is based in Ankara. The club was founded in 1923 the same year the Republic of Turkey was established. Gençlerbirligi actually translates to "Union of Youth", a name one of their founder’s coined due to the initial members of the team all being young students who had rallied together to form their own team after failing to make their school Ankara Erkek Lisesi (Sultani Mektebi)'s team. Gençlerbirligi joined the Turkish National League in 1959 and went through a relatively unstable period until the late 1980s. In the 1988-89 season they returned to top flight football after 13 years in the lower divisions and have remained their ever since.
The club's most successful period was during the last decade; the club finished 3rd in the Turkish Super League 2002-03 season, their highest league position. Also they won the Turkish Cup in 2001, and were runners up in 2003, 2004 and 2008. Gençlerbirligi also reached the forth round of the UEFA Cup in 2004.

The official flag of Gençlerbirliği (photo) is horizontally divided red-black, the colours of the club, with the club's emblem in the middle.
The students were struggling to find a sponsor who would support the team until Ramiz Eren’s good friend Asim bey’s father who was a member of Parliament for the Muş Province agreed to back the team. His first request was that the players find themselves a football kit to wear, there was only one cloth shop selling kits at the time and the only colours they had were red and black.
[Turkish Football - Team Profile]

Ivan Sache, 8 March 2016



Flag of Ankaragücü - Image by Ivan Sache, 29 November 2016

Ankaragücü (Makina Kimya Endüstrisi / MKE Ankaragücü) was established in 1910 in Ankara, as a merger between Altinörs Idmanyurdu and Turan Sanatkarangücü. In a fortunate turn of events for the team, during the 1980 coup d'état it was decided that the league needed a team from the capital city. Ankaragücü was chosen to represent the capital and automatically promoted from the second division into top-flight football. The very same season they won the Turkish Cup and finished runners-up the following year. Ankaragücü reached 6th position in 2000-01 and 4th in 2001-02. The club subsequently went into decline, were hit by a financial crisis and fought year in year out relegation battles.
Ahmet Gökçek took over as chairman in 2009. Gökçek arrived making big promises claiming the team would become champion within a few years. Gökçek who had ties to another Ankara team, Ankaraspor, following relegation from the Turkish Super League he merged the club with Ankaragücü. The clubs grand plans never materialized, Ankaragücü fell into a deeper financial crisis and were subsequently relegated last season.
[Turkish Football - Team Profile]

The official flag of Ankaragücü (photo, photo, photo) is yellow with the club's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 29 November 2016

Ankara Demirspor


Flag of Ankara Demirspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 3 December 2016

Ankara Demirspor (Ankara Demir Spor Kulübü) was established in 1932 by employees of the Turkish State Railways (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları, TCCD). Another 38 sports clubs named Demirspor were established by TCCD.
The club played in the top league from 1959 to 1971.

The flag of Ankara Demirspor (photo, photo) is white with the club's emblem. The wings are taken from the emblem of the Turkish Railways.

Ivan Sache, 3 December 2016



Flag of Turanspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 10 December 2016

Turanspor (Turan Spor Kulübü) was established in Ankara in 1947, as Şekerspor. The club then experienced several name changes, as Şeker Hilal (1958), Şekerspor (1963), Etimesgut Şekerspor (2005), Beypazarı Şekerspor (2010), Akyurt Şekerspor (2011); Çamlıdere Şekerspor (2012), Şekerspor (2013), TUTAP Şekerspor (2014), and, eventually, Turanspor (2015).
During its Gilded Age, the club played in the top league for the 1959-1963, 1964-1966, 1967-1969, 1972-1973 and 1997-1998 seasons. Relegated in 2015 to the top amateur league, Turanspor finished 13th - and last - of Group 7, and was relegated to the Ankara regional amateur league.

The flag of Turanspor (photo) is white with the club's emblem in the center. The stand-alone emblem has a red crescnt pointing upwards placed beneath the horseman, increasing the Turanist symbolic of the design.

Ivan Sache, 10 December 2016