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Federal State of Croatia (1945)

Republika Hrvatska, Republic of Croatia

Last modified: 2010-03-06 by dov gutterman
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image by Janko Ehrlich - Zdvorak, 26 August 2001

image by Janko Ehrlich - Zdvorak, 26 August 2001

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In 1945 was the time when Partisan movement still had to collaborate with the Yugoslav Royal Government, which was in exile in London since 1941, and legal status of the government in Yugoslavia (and in Croatia too) was a little bit "fluid". So, the name of new state was Demokratska Jugoslavija (Democratic Yugoslavia) and a little bit later Demokratska federativna Jugoslavija (Democratic Federative Yugoslavia). Such transitional period existed until November 29, 1945 when the Constitutional Assembly declared Federativna narodna republika Jugoslavija (Federative People's Republic o Yugoslavia).
The first emblem was found it on an old document, issued immediately after the liberation of Zagreb (May 8, 1945). It is a seal with an inscription Federalna država Hrvatska (Federal State of Croatia) over a coat-of-arms in the centre and Tehnički fakultet, Zagreb (Technical Faculty, Zagreb) below. The another one was pictured on a tax stamp. Note the difference in type of the star. That means that they changet it very shortly after the war. The seal is issued earlier.
That means that in the same time each republic become Narodna republika (People's Republic), so Croatia too and that
this seal was not in use anymore.
Janko Ehrlich - Zdvorak, 26 August 2001

"Nations of Yugoslavia went into struggle and fought unyielding battles against the enemy, carried their National flags with the five pointed Star as symbols of the National Liberation Struggle.
At the Historical 2nd Session of the Antifascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, held in Jajce on 29th of November 1943, at which the foundations of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia were laid, the State Flag became the symbol of strength of all Nations of Yugoslavia.
The five-pointed Star on flags is the star which has shined to us and gave us strength and belief in hardest times of national uprisings and enemy offensives, it instil unshakeable confidence that the Nations of Yugoslavia, under the leadership of the National Hero Marshal Tito will enjoy days of liberty, happiness and
fortunate existence.
Regarding all of the above, the duty of each individual is to respect these sanctities, and therefore I order:
1. In all occasions when the National flags and the Yugoslav flag are hoisted or carried, these must only the flags with the five-pointed Star on the middle field, laid in a way that the peaks of the points of the five-pointed Star grasp other fields. This is the only form of our State flags and other flags i.e. the ones without the five-pointed Star are not to be displayed.
2. At all of the State Institutions in the area of the Federal Croatia, it is obligatory to fly the Yugoslav State Flag and the Flag of the Federal Croatia..
This order is valid immediately from this moment on.
Death to Fascism - Freedom to the People!
Ministry of Interior Affairs
No. 1644.-45.
26th of May 1945.
Source: Proceedings of Laws, Decrees and Orders (Zbornik zakona, uredaba i naredaba), the Official Gazette of the Federal State of Croatia (Narodne novine), Year I, Vol. II, No. 30, Page 87, Issue 25th September 1945, Zagreb.

This is an interesting source on the flags of the Federal State of Croatia (1943-1945) within the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.
From this source it could be clearly understood that even in this initial period the five-pointed red star ought to be displayed with three of the peaks of the points entering into the red and blue stripes of the flag.
This source also defines that all of the Nations of Yugoslavia have the right to display their flags if and only if the five-pointed red star is presented on them.
In that time there were no definition of nations and nationalities but all of the different ethnicities of Yugoslavia were considered as nations, especially when combating was involved.
We can find various announcements and pamphlets during the National Liberation Struggle which support the claim that in times of battle all the nations were equal in their right to fight for Yugoslavia.
Anonymous, 1 November 2008

Coat of Arms

image by Janko Ehrlich - Zdvorak, 26 August 2001

image by Janko Ehrlich - Zdvorak, 26 August 2001