Last modified: 2011-08-20 by ivan sache
Keywords: sibenik | st. michael | devil (black) | star (red) | cross (red) | sibinicho | val |
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Flag of Šibenik - Image by Željko Heimer, 24 July 2004
Šibenik is located at the confluence of river Krka into the Adriatic Sea, forming beautiful waterfalls. Unlike many other Adriatic towns, Šibenik was not founded by the ancient Romans but was established in the 10th century under the Croatian king Krešimir (Petar Krešimir IV), who, unlike all other previous Croatian rulesr, built a strong fleet that ruled the Adriatic Sea for a time.
Željko Heimer, 24 July 2004
The symbols of Šibenik are prescribed by Decision Odluka o grbu i zastavi Grada Šibenika, adopted on 24 July 1998 and published on 10 November 1998 in the County official gazette Službeni vjesnik Šibensko-kninske županije, No. 14.
The final prescriptions of the Decision determine that it shall be published only after the Ministry approves the design, which was done on 21 October 1998; the additional Notice Napomena uz Odluku o grbu i zastavi Grada Šibenika, adopted on 30 October 1998 and published on 10 November 1998 in Službeni vjesnik Šibensko-kninske županije, No. 14, includes the Ministry's approval.
The symbols are described the Town Statutes Statut Grada Šibenika, adopted on 17 November 2001 by the Town Assembly and published on 20 December 2001 in Službeni vjesnik Šibensko-kninske županije, No. 18.
This is repeated in the consolidated Town Statutes Statut Grada Šibenika (pročišćeni tekst), adopted on 12 April 2006 by the Town Assembly and published on 28 April 2006 in Službeni vjesnik Šibensko-kninske županije, No. 6./P>
Decision Odluka o komunalnom redu, adopted on 23 July 2002 and published on 21 August 2002 in Službeni vjesnik Šibensko-kninske županije, No. 12, addresses the issue of flag hoisting in Šibenik: the flag of Croatia shall be hoisted according to the Law on the Coat of Arms, the Flag and the Anthem. The flag shall be hoisted on public areas during the public holydays of the Republic, on the Šibenik Day, on the mourning days and other legally established circumstances, and could be hoisted in public assemblies (political, scientific, cultural, artistic, sport and others). The public areas for hoisting are five main spots in the town and in other settlements that are part of the Town according to local regulations. Three of the spots are determined for hoisting all year round. Also flags are raised during the International Children Festival. It is determined that beside the flag of Croatia the flags of the County and the Town could be hoisted. The flag masts must be uniform, the flags shall be hoisted a day before and lowered a day after the occasion. I suppose that many other towns in Croatia have very similar regulations.
The symbols were designed by the Heraldic Art d.o.o. company, from Rijeka.
The flag is in proportions 1:2, blue with the coat of arms, bordered yellow, in the middle.
Željko Heimer, 3 November 2007
Coat of arms of Šibenik - Image by Željko Heimer, 24 July 2004
The coat of arms pictures the patron saint of the town, Archangel St. Michael (Sveti Mihovil) wearing a white tunic and a red cloak, with his wings displayed, holding in his sinister a golden orb with a cross and in his dexter a golden spear with which he kills a black devil beneath him.
These arms are based on the depictions of St. Michael from medieval seals carved in the town stone walls.
Željko Heimer, 1 November 2009
Coat of arms of Šibenik, 1993-1998 - Image by Željko Heimer, 26 August 2006
The Town Statutes Statut Grada Šibenika, adopted on 15 April 1994 by the Town Assembly and published on 5 May 1994 in Službeni vjesnik Županije Šibenske, No. 4, includes the description of the coat of arms in Article 6: " a shield picturing St. Michael Archangel, patron of Old Šibenik), without any further details.
The review of the Town 1993 Budget Pregled izvršenih isplata iz tekuće rezerve Proračuna za 1993. godinu, published on 1 September 1994 in Službeni vjesnik Županije Šibenske, No. 10, includes "Production of graphical standards manual for the use of the coat of arms of the Town of Šibenik", granted to Duje Šilović, a designer from Split.
A town map issued by the Šibeni Tourist Office, released around 1995, shows a coat of arms that must be the coat of arms designed by Šilović. It seems that no flag with this coat of arms was ever used.
This coat of arms is based on the oldest preserved seal of Šibenik from 1255, depicting St. Michael standing above the walls of the town.
Željko Heimer, 26 August 2006
Coat of arms of Šibenik, 1980s - Image by Željko Heimer, 24 July 2004
In the Socialist period, the historical coats of arms of towns depicting saints were depreciated and new symbols were being made. The coat of arms of Šibenik shown on a post card from c. 1980 depicts the panorama of the old town with fortresses, walls and the cathedral above the waves and with a large red five-pointed star in the base sinister. The shield was topped with the name of the town. No flag was reported for the period.
Željko Heimer, 24 July 2004
Burgee of Sailing Club "Val" - Image by Željko Heimer, 4 July 2001
The burgee of the club is a triangular pennant, red with a white disk and a stylized, light blue letter "V" in it.
Željko Heimer, 4 July 2001
Historical flag of Šibenik - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 24 August 2006
In her monography Monumenta Cartographica Jugoslaviae II (Historical Institute, Narodna knjiga, Belgrade, 1979), Gordana Tomović compares different 16th century naval maps of the Balkan peninsula. She notices flags above some place names on a map preserved in the Paris National Library (Maps and Plans Department) made on parchment by Angelino Dulcert (1339) [drt39]: "13. Flag above the Town of Šibenik (Sibinicho), in today's Croatia".
The flag of Šibenik from the map of Angelino Dulcert (shown in D. Wigak's Historic maritime maps used for historic exploration 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York) has a very large white disc, charged with a red cross, on the yellow field. This color combination is against the rules of heraldry, but it also appears on other maps from that period, so it must be based on the text and/or picture from Libro del conoscimiento de los reinos [f0f05], just like some other flags with non-heraldic color arrangements which also repeatedly appear in these maps.
Ivan Sarajčić & Tomislav Todorović, 24 August 2006
Historical flag of Šibenik - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 18 July 2007
On the map of Guillelmus Soleri, which was created on Majorca c. 1385, and nowadays is kept in the French National Library, Paris (shown in D. Wigak's Historic maritime maps used for historic exploration 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York), the flag of Šibenik is similar to that from the map of Angelino Dulcert, but has a much more oblong form and the disc with the cross is set off-centre, closer to the hoist.
Tomislav Todorović, 18 July 2007
Historical flag of Šibenik - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 28 September 2006
The flag of Šibenik from the Catalan Atlas shows a white disc, charged with a red cross, on a gold field. This is essentially the same design as in the map of Angelino Dulcert, the greatest difference being in the flag shape: a square which extends into a short, wide tongue with concave curved top and bottom edges; also, the disc is a bit smaller on this flag and the cross has a simpler form, with straight arms' edges. As both flags share the colour arrangement which is against the rules of heraldry, they might have both been based on Libro del conoscimiento de los reinos. It is also possible that a flag with this design has really existed and that its description came directly from some eyewitnesses: the design resembles the form of the orb with the cross which is held by St. Michael in the town's coat of arms.
Tomislav Todorović, 28 September 2006