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Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City (Germany)

Berg- und Universitätsstadt Clausthal-Zellerfeld , Landkreis Goslar, Lower Saxony

Last modified: 2017-09-07 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: clausthal-zellerfeld | oberharz | bergstadt | altenau | klausthal | wildemann | zellerfeld | bear paw | chisel | wolf trap | hammer and mallet | crucification scene | lion(golden) | savage | horse | fir |
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[Clausthal-Zellerfeld mining and university city flag] 3:5 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Aug 2017
See also:

Introduction

Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City is the successor of Oberharz Comprehensive Municipality, which consisted of one municipality and three cities, all cities having the special title of a mining city (Bergstadt). A Bergstadt is located in regions with strong mineral resources. It had gained city rights, Bergfreiheit and other privileges like lower taxes. Bergfreiheit was a special privilege, granting the right of mining to every inhabitant, not depending on having real assets. Those cities were created in order to attract people to settle down here and to exploit the given mineral resources.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 21 Oct 2010 / 14 Aug 2017


Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City

Clausthal-Zellerfeld Flag

It is a red over white over yellow horizontal tricolour with centred greater arms. The city has overtaken the symbols of former Oberharz Comprehensive Municipality.
Sources: information provided per phone by Mrs. Ingrid Eitzeroth and 2(2) of Hauptsatzung of Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City, version 19 May 2015
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Aug 2017

Clausthal-Zellerfeld Banner

[Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City banner] 8:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Aug 2017

It is a red-white-yellow vertical tricolour. The greater coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: photo provided by Mrs. Ingrid Eitzeroth on 31 Aug 2017
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Aug 2017

Clausthal-Zellerfeld Greater Coat of Arms

[Clausthal-Zellerfeld MaUC CoA] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Aug 2017

Shield Gules, three bars Or, over all a horse forcene Argent; crested by a dark grey riveted plate helmet with scarves of red and gold, issuant from helmet a horse forcene Argent flanked by hammer and mallet Sable hilted Argent.
Meaning:
The coat of arms was overtaken from dissolved Oberharz Comprehensive Municipality and is based on the old coat of arms of Zellerfeld. The horse is that one of the Welfen kin.
Source: 2(1) of Hauptsatzung of Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining and University City, version 19 May 2015
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Aug 2017


Altenau Mining City

inhabitants: 1,967
coat of arms approved on 30 October 1617
flags approved 1970 according to the Hannover state archive
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover
Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007

Altenau Flag

[Altenau city flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007

It is a green over white horizontal bicolour. The coat of arms is in the centre of the flag.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007 and Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Altenau Banner

[Altenau city banner] 8:3 image by Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007

It is a green-white vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover
Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007 and Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Altenau Plain Flag reported 1891

[Altenau plain flag 1891] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

The ratio is given as 1:2. It was a green over yellow horizontal bicolour. The information is confirmed by Stadler 1970, p.16.
Source: H.Ahrens "Hannoversche Landschafts-und Städtewappen", 1891, plate XX
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Coat of Arms

[Altenau city CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 15 June 2007

The shield is divided per pale into green and silver (=white), all superimposed by three brownish bear paws holding a chisel, a wolf trap and a mallet.
Meaning:
The bear paws are taken from the arms of the Counts of Hoya, who died out in 1582 and were followed by the Welfen kin. Chisel and mallet are referring to local silver and ore mining and also smelting. The wolf trap is referring to forestry.
The arms were granted by Duke Christian of Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle on 30 October 1617. As the dade wasn't known uncorrect colours were displayed in literature.
Source: Stadler 1970, p.16
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011


Clausthal-Zellerfeld Mining City

inhabitants 15,006
coat of arms approved on 20 June 1955 according to Rabbow
flags approved on 28 June 1955 according to the Hannover state archive
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover
Jörg Majewski, 16 June 2007

Clausthal-Zellerfeld former Flag

[Clausthal-Zellerfeld mining city flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 16 June 2007 

It is a red over yellow horizontal bicolour. The coat of arms is in the centre of the flag.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 16 June 2007 and Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Clausthal-Zellerfeld former Banner

[Clausthal-Zellerfeld mining city banner] 8:3 image by Jörg Majewski, 16 Jun 2007

It is a red-yellow vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch ", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover.
Jörg Majewski, 16 June 2007 and Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Coat of Arms

[Clausthal-Zellerfeld CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 16 June 2007

In a red shield is a blue box having a roof and an open front put on top of a a silver (=white) stick, like a tiny hut. Beneath the roof is the sene of Christ's crucification. All figures are silver (=white), the cross is golden (=yellow). The hut is superimposing crossed silver (=white) hammer and mallet with golden (=yellow) grab handles. At the base is a golden (=yellow) lion statant guardant.
Meaning:

Source: Stadler 1970, p.31
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Klausthal Plain Flag reported 1891

[Klausthal plain flag 1891] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

The ratio is given as 1:2. It was a blue over yellow over green horizontal tricolour.
Source: H.Ahrens "Hannoversche Landschafts-und Städtewappen", 1891, plate XX
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Zellerfeld Plain Flag reported 1891

[Zellerfeld plain flag 1891] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

The ratio is given as 1:2. It was a red over yellow over white horizontal tricolour.
Source: H.Ahrens "Hannoversche Landschafts-und Städtewappen", 1891, plate XX
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011


Wildemann Mining City

inhabitants: 1,135
coat of arms approved in 19th century
flags approval unknown
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover
Jörg Majewski, 17 June 2007

Wildemann Flag

[Wildemann borough flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 17 June 2007

It is a green over red horizontal bicolour. The coat of arms is in the centre of the flag.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 17 June 2007

Wildemann Banner

[Wildemann borough banner] 8:3 image by Jörg Majewski, 17 Jun 2007

It is a green-red vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: Arnold Rabbow "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; State Archive of Hannover
Jörg Majewski, 17 June 2007

Wildemann Plain Flag reported 1891

[Wildemann plain flag 1891] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

The ratio is given as 1:2. It was a red over white over green horizontal tricolour. The information is confirmed by Stadler 1970, p.83.
Source: H.Ahrens "Hannoversche Landschafts-und Städtewappen", 1891, plate XX
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

Wildemann Council Flag from 16th Century

[Wildemann council flag 16th century] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011

It was a purple over yellow horizontal bicolour.
Source: Stadler 1970, p.83
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 13 Aug 2017

Wildemann Coat of Arms

[Wildemann borough CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 17 June 2007

In a red shield is a silver (= white) horse led by a savage (wild man) of the same colour, who is crowned by green foliage. Both are standing in front of a green fir tree and upon a green base.
Meaning:
Wildemann was well known for its pits. In 1534 it gained the status of a free mining city (Freie Bergstadt). According to circumscriptions in the seals from 1627 and 1739 it was entitled to use proper seals since 1548. The seals displayed the Lower Saxonian horse, since the 14th century an attribute of the Welfen kin. In front of the horse stood the savage and the tree. These charges were frequently used in other mining areas, proven by the Wildemannstaler, a local silver coin. But here they had been canting elements. Since the 19th century savage and tree were placed behind the horse.
Source: Stadler 1970, p.83
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Aug 2017


Schulenberg in Oberharz Borough

Schulenberg Banner

[Schulenberg in Oberharz borough banner] 8:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Aug 2017

It is a blue-yellow vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: photo provided by Mrs. Ingrid Eitzeroth on 31 Aug 2017
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Aug 2017

Schulenberg Coat of Arms

Shield Or with antlers Azure and embowed chief Azure.
Meaning:
The antlers are probably alluding to the fact, that Schulenberg is surrounded by a municipality free territory of forests (like also Altenau). Schulenberg was united with Altenau in 2015 and both together were incorporated into Clausthal-Zellerfeld as borough of Bergstadt Altenau-Schulenberg. Before it had been the smallest municipality of Lower Saxony by number of inhabitants (283 on 1 December 2013).
Source:
German WIKIPEDIA
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Aug 2017


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