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Colombia - Police Flags and Aircraft Marking

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image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 July 2006



See also:


Overview

Current structure of Police organization:

The Colombian Police underwent a restructuring process (see new organizational chart here according to Decree No. Estructura Orgánica - Decreto 216 de 2010.
So the new structure is (each Directorate has its own flag):
OPERATIONAL:
- Dirección Operativa (DIROP, Operational Directorate)
- Dirección de Seguridad Ciudadana (DISEC, Citizen Security Directorate)
- Dirección de Carabineros y Seguridad Rural (DICAR, Carabinier and Rural Security Directorate)
- Dirección de Investigación Criminal e INTERPOL (DICI, Criminal Investigation and Interpol Directorate, the first takas was previously carried out by the Dirección Central de Dirección Judicial, DIJIN, Central Directorate of Criminal Police, and the second task was previously carried out by the DAS)
- Dirección de Inteligencia Policial (previously the Dirección Central de Inteligencia, DIPOL, Intelligence Central Directorate)
- Dirección Antinarcóticos (DIRAN, Antinarcotics Directorate)
- Dirección de Protección y Servicios Especializados (DIPRO, Protection and Specialized Services, previously the Dirección Servicios Especializados, DIRSE, Specializaed Services Directorate)
- Dirección Antisecuestro y Extorisón (DIASE, Antikidnapping and Extorsion Directorate)
- Dirección de Tránsito y Transportes (Transit and Transportation Directorate)

ADMINISTRATIVE:
- Dirección Nacional de Escuelas (Schooling National Directorate)
- Dirección de Incorporación (DINCO, Recruitment Directorate)
- Dirección de Talento Humano (DITAH, previously the Dirección Recursos Humanso, Human Resources Directorate)
- Dirección Administrativa y Financiera (DIRAF, Administrative and Financial Directorate)
- Dirección de Sanidad Policial (DISAN, Health Directorate)
- Dirección Bienestar Social (DIBIE, Social Welfare Directorate)

Grupos Especiales (Special Groups):
"COPES" Comandos de Operaciones Especiales - Special Operations Commandos (under the jurisdiction of the DISEC)
"EMCAR" Escuadrones móviles de carabineros - Mobile Carabinier Squadrons (under the jurisdiction of the DICAR)
"JUNGLA" Compañía Jungla Antinarcóticos - Anti-narcotics Jungle Company
"GAULA" Grupos de Acción Unificada por la Libertad Personal - Unified Action Group for Personnel Rescue (see also: GAULA)
"ESMAD" Escuadrones móviles antidisturbios - Mobile Riot Squadrons
"POLCA" Policía de carreteras - Highway Police
"POLFA" Policia Fiscal y Aduanera - Fiscal and Customs Police
"SAPOL" Servicio Aéreo de Policia - Police Air Service
See also: Bloque de Búsqueda - Search Bloc

Regional Organization Police Regions
1.Región de Policía No. 1 - Police Region No. 1 based in Bogota
2.Región de Policía No. 2 - Police Region No. 2 based in Neiva
3.Región de Policía No. 3 - Police Region No. 3 based in Pereira
4.Región de Policía No. 4 - Police Region No. 4 based in Cali
5.Región de Policía No. 5 - Police Region No. 5 based in Cúcuta
6.Región de Policía No. 6 - Police Region No. 6 based in Medellín
7.Región de Policía No. 7 - Police Region No. 7 based in Villavicencio
8.Región de Policía No. 8 - Police Region No. 8 based in Barranquilla

Policía Metropolitana (Metropolitan Police):
There are Metropolitan Police Commands in the eight main cities of the country: Bogota, Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cucuta, Pereira and Bucaramanga. Each Metropolitan Police Command has its own flag.
Departamento de Policía (Police Department): There are Police Departments in each of the 32 Departments of the country and an additional one for a specific subregion of the Department of Antioquia called Urabá. Each Police Department has its own flag.
Both are subdivided as follows:
1.Comando Operativo de Seguridad Ciudadana (Operational Command of Public Safety)
2.Distrito de Policía (Police District)
3.Estación de Policía (Police Station)
4.Subestación de Policía (Police Substation)
5.Comandos de Atención Inmediata, CAI (Immediate Aattention Commands)
6.Puesto de Policía (Police Posts)

Sources: http://www.policia.gov.co/portal/page/portal/INSTITUCION/Organizacion/Organigrama/Estructura
http://www.policia.gov.co/portal/page/portal/INSTITUCION/Mando_Institucional/Directores
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombian_National_Police#Organization
Esteban Rivera, 09 March 2013

Former structure of Police organization:

The Colombian National Police [is currently] organized as follows: Dirección General (General Directorate), and 11 Direcciones (Directorates), split into two categories:
OPERATIONAL:
- Dirección Operativa (DIROP, Operational Directorate)
- Dirección Central de Dirección Judicial (DIJIN, Central Directorate of Criminal Police)
- Dirección Central de Inteligencia (DIPOL, Intelligence Central Directorate)
- Dirección Antinarcóticos (DIRAN, Antinarcotics Directorate)
- Dirección Servicios Especializados (DIRSE, Specializaed Services Directorate)
- Dirección Antisecuestro y Extorisón (DIASE, Antikidnapping and Extorsion Directorate)

ADMINISTRATIVE:
- Dirección Escuela Nacional de Policìa "General Santander" (EGSAN)
- Dirección Nacional de Escuelas (Schooling National Directorate)
- Dirección Recursos Humanso (Human Resources Directorate)
- Dirección Administrativa y Financiera (DIRAF, Administrative and Financial Directorate)
- Dirección Sanidad (DISAN, Health Directorate)
- Dirección Bienestar Social (DIBIE, Social Welfare Directorate)
Source: <www.policia.gov.co>.
E.R., 27 July 2006

There have been recent chagnes in the Colombian Police lately. The current Minister of Defense (Juan Manuel Santos) has announced the creation of a New Directorate. It will be called Dirección Nacional de Carabineros (Carabineros National Directorate) and it will be included in the OPERATIONAL category of Directorates. This change means that an update will be made to the Corps that take much of the armed action on the Police which are the Carabineros.
E.R., 18 November 2006


Colombian National Police Flag

The flag is horizontaly divided flag according profesor Restrepo Uribe and by several other sources.
Jaume Olle, 3 June 2000

The discussion agrees much with the flags reported in Lupant's book [lup93] page 57.
Željko Heimer, 24 May 2001

Then flag is horizontally divided one with the Coat of Arms which reads:
- Republica de Colombia
- Policia Nacional
- Dios y Patria (= God and Country).
Jorge Eduardo Alonso, 25 Febuary 2002

The flag is plain; however most of the times it has the Police Coat of Arms in order not to confuse it with other Colombian flags that have the same color pattern (like the flag of the Department of Antioquia, Department of Vaupes or even the City of Medellin.
E.R., 27 July 2006


Ceremonial Flag


image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 July 2006


detail
image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 July 2006


Plain Flag


image by Zachary Harden, 28 April 2001

According to <www.esbol.edu.co>, the flag is plain white over green. Coat of Arms at the same page.
Dov Gutterman, 18 November 2000


Distinctive Mark of the National Police


image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 July 2006


Coat of Arms


image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 July 2006


Aircraft Marking


image by Eugene Ipavec, 22 August 2005

In a visit to an Air Show held in Colombia in mid-June 2004, I came across this particular aircraft. It seems to be a T-41, operated by the Policía Nacional Colombiana (Colombian National Police). Its s/n is also very particular (PNC 0260-I, the "I" standing for "Instrcucción", or Instruction in English, meaning it was for training).
E.R., 22 August 2005

The roundel is a dark green ring containing a large dark-green star over a stylized bird in the colors of the Colombian flag.
Eugene Ipavec, 22 August 2005


Police Director General's Pennat

I saw this Pennant on the online edition of the REVISTA PODER magazine, published on August 9, 2008. I believe it is the Colombian National Police Director General's Pennat. I believe the Pennant reads DIRPONAL (Director Policía Nacional), but I am not sure.
E.R., 29 August 2008


Major Pennant


image by Eugene Ipavec, 12 August 2009

This is a Police Rank Pennant feature in the this picture. This rank Pennant is the rank of Mayor (Major) based on the rank chart of the Police website here.
Thus we can deduce that all other rank pennants in the Police are based on the same pattern, the only thing changing is the image of the actual rank, the color scheme is the same.
E.R., 10 August 2009


Captain Pennant


image by Eugene Ipavec, 29 September 2009

This is Police Captain rank pennant based on a picture here. This picture shows the rank pennant of the Director of the SEJIM school. On the left side of the picture one can see the obverse a white rectangular pennant, same size as Army rank pennants with a white thick outline, then green background with the three golden bars in the middle which represent the rank of Captain as shown in their official website.
E.R., 29 September 2009


Anti-Kidnapping and -Extortion Directorate


image by Eugene Ipavec, 23 June 2010

On March 9 I traveled to Bogotá and visited the Police Museum there. I spotted the flag of the Dirección Antisecuestro y Extorisón (DIASE) (Anti Kidnapping and Extorsion Directorate) of the Colombian Police. The flag is the same pattern (horizontal flag, two stripes, white over green, same ratio) as the Colombian Police flag  plus the Coat of Arms on the middle.
You can see the flag here: www.fondelibertad.gov.co
For additional information please see DIASE (official website): http://oasportal.policia.gov.co
Esteban Rivera, 21 April 2010


Central Directorate of Criminal Police


image by Eugene Ipavec, 28 December 2005

The Colombian Police is divided into Directorates. One of the Directorates is DIJIN, or Dirección Central de Policía Judicial, Central Directorate of Criminal Police in English. DIJIN is a national directorate within the Police, with regional sections in each Police Command throughout the country.
Source: <www.policia.gov.co>.
E.R., 28 December 2005

The Director of the DIJIN has its own War Flag and Standard. Image by El Espectador, a Colombian newspaper. The War Flag (left) is the Colombian tricolor, with CoA, and on the bottom fringe it reads in yellow capital letters DIRECCION DE INV. CRIMINAL (abbreviation for Dirección de Investigación Criminal), and the Standard is the Directorate's flag plus two white stars on the top left, symbolizing the Two-star General rank for the Director. It's worth noticing that even though Generals in Colombia wear Suns instead of Stars for their rank insignia, the Director's flag indeed shows Stars instead of Suns.
This same pattern is followed by all other Police Directorates, that is, a War Flag (the Colombian tricolor flag with coat of arms, plus the respective entity's name on the bottom fringe below the coat of arms), plus a Standard (each Directorate's own flag).
There's a better resolution of the image at this link.  (Source: El Espectador newspaper, May 2, 2009 article seen here.)
Esteban Rivera, 31 May 2011


Social Welfare Directorate (DIBIE- Dirección Bienestar Social)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 28 July 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 28 July 2006

Flag and Coat of Arms at: <www.policia.gov.co>.
E.R., 28 July 2006

Motto is "Thinks About You".
Jorge Candeias, 28 July 2006


Transit and Transportation Directorate (Dirección de Tránsito y Transportes)


image located by Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013

Picture taken on March 10, 2010 at the Historic Museum of the National Police.
Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013


Dirección de Seguridad Ciudadana (Citizen Security Directorate)


image located by Esteban Rivera, 09 March 2013

Here's the flag of the DISEC (Citizen Security Directorate): Screenshot of Caracol (the flag is on the far right)
Source: Noticias on March 9, 2013.
Esteban Rivera, 09 March 2013


Intelligence Central Directorate (Dirección Central de Inteligencia)


image located by Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013

Picture taken on March 10, 2010 at the Historic Museum of the National Police.
Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013


Dirección de Carabineros y Seguridad Rural (Carabinier and Rural Security Directorate)


image located by Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013

Picture taken on March 10, 2010 at the Historic Museum of the National Police.
Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013


Dirección de Sanidad Policial (Health Directorate)


image located by Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013

Picture taken on March 10, 2010 at the Historic Museum of the National Police.
Esteban Rivera, 12 March 2013


Dirección Nacional de Escuelas (Schooling National Directorate)

The following information is mostly from my trip to Bogotá. I visited the Police Museum and found some interesting facts:
The Police, among its many Directorates, has a Directorate called Dirección Nacional de Escuelas (Schooling National Directorate). It is in charge of the Escuela de Cadetes de Policía General Santander (or EGSAN). Below the Escuela de Cadetes de Policía General Santander (which is located in Bogotá and it's the main Police School), there are the different school branches located all around the country (not only for cadets, but also aviation, equestrian, and other police branches). They are (in no particular order of importance, only in alphabetical order):

All of the above mentioned schools have their own Coat of Arms and flags.
E.R, 11 August 2006


General Santander Police Cadet School


obverse
image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 October 2005


reverse
image by Eugene Ipavec, 7 March 2006


pennant
image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 October 2009

Flag of the "Escuela de Cadetes de Policía General Santander" (General Santander Police Cadet School). Description of the flag: two equal horizontal stripes, top green and bottom yellow, with Coat of Arms on the middle. Official website: Dirección Escuela Nacional de Policía General Santander.
E.R., 22 September 2005

There seems to be a gold inscription in the burgundy ring around the arms, but it's far too small to be legible. The name of the school, perhaps, or its motto?
Eugene Ipavec, 22 September 2005

The inscription on the golden fringe is the name of the School, so it would be (in golden capital letters) "ESCUELA DE POLICA GENERAL SANTANDER".
E.R., 2 October 2005

I observed the General Santander Police Cadet School Pennant/Guidon at a military parade held on July 20, 2009 on the Municipality of Tame, Department of Arauca. There's an image gallery where you can see the Pennant/Guidon of the School on the instruments of the marching band during the parade.
E.R., 14 October 2009

Different colour variant


image located by Esteban Rivera, 21 December 2013

In the Main Hall of the Historic Museum of the National Police, one can see the flag of the General Santander Police Cadet School. However, the flag I saw is very different in color shade to the one featured.
Source: picture taken on March 10, 2010 at the Historic Museum of the National Police.
Notice that both, the shade of green and yellow on the flag are very different from the one reported.
Esteban Rivera, 21 December 2013

The War Flag


image located by Esteban Rivera, 21 December 2013

We have the Standard of the School but not the War Flag. So here's the War Flag (Colombian tricolor with the School's name):
http://sphotos-e.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-prn1/554936_10200497348495577_644261044_n.jpg
Esteban Rivera, 25 February 2013

Why would a school need a war flag?
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 12 July 2013

As far as I understand, a Standard is the flag with heraldic devices of any military entity and the War Flag is (in this case) the Colombian tricolor plus the name of the entity around the coat of arms. Since all Colombian military and police units have both, a Standard and a War Flag, I had not seen the War Flag for the General Santander Police Cadet School, so that's why I reported it.
Esteban Rivera, 12 July 2013

The War Flag is the Colombian tricolor plus the entity's name below in a golden fringe, this pattern used for most official civilian and military organizations
(Pictures downloaded on June 15, 2009, but don't remember the source)
Esteban Rivera, 21 December 2013


Carlos E. Restrepo Police School


flag
image by Eugene Ipavec, 11 August 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 11 August 2006

Escuela Carlos E. Restrepo (SERES), located in La Estrella, Departamento de Antioquia.
Source: <www.policia.gov.co>.
E.R., 30 August 2006


Rafael Reyes Police School


flag
image by Eugene Ipavec, 30 August 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 30 August 2006

Escuela Rafael Reyes (SEREY), located in Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Department of Boyacá.
Source: <www.policia.gov.co>
E.R., 30 August 2006


Sumapáz Police School


flag
image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 August 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 30 August 2006

Escuela del Sumapáz (SESUM), located in Fusagasugá Department of Cundinamarca. Official website: <www.policia.gov.co/sesum.nsf>. It was created by Resolution No. 6192 of the 23rd of December, 1996 and it was inaugurated on the 10th of December, 1997.
Flag was created by Resolution No. 03368 of November 20th, 1997. The flag is based on the colors of the flag of the Department of Cundinamarca inside on a triangular shape, inside the colors of the Colombian Police flag.
Coat of Arms was created in 1998 by a group headed by Lt. Col. Ómar Francisco Perdomo Guevara, then Academic Vice-Director of the school. It has four flags surrounding the Coat of Arms itself: on the left-hand side the Colombian Police flag and more to the outside the Colombian flag. On the right-hand side the Department of Cundinamarca flag and more to the outside the Colombian flag.
E.R., 30 August 2006


Academy of Police History


flag
image by Eugene Ipavec, 11 February 2010


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 11 February 2010

The Standard of the Academia Colombiana de Historia Policial (Colombian Academy of Police History) is seen here. It is an horizontal flag, three equally divided stripes blue (top) white (middle) and gren (bottom), plus the Coat of Arm in the middle.
E.R., 11 February 2010


Police Departmental and Metropolitan Commands

This is the translation of the organization of the Police in Colombia (translated from the official website, original version in Spanish at <www.policia.gov.co>):
The Colombian National Police is organizaed on the national level based on the geographical division of the country (that is Departments and main Metropolitan Areas when referring to the main cities). It is comprised of a "Comando de Departamento de Policía" (or Police Department Command, which is the Police organization established in each of the 32 Departments of Colombia). Plus, the Police has three Metropolitan Commands for the three main cities: Bogota, Medellin and Cali.
In administrsative terms, these Commands depend solely on the Dirección Operativa (Operations Directorate)
All Police Department Command of the 32 Departments of Colombia have same flags besides the name of the department. The first official flag is the Colombian tricolour, charged with the Colombian coat of arms over a white star, and a maroon circle around reading on top POLICIA NACIONAL, and on the bottom DEPTO. (abbreviation for DEPARTAMENTO) * POL (abbreviation for POLICIA) and the name of the Department.
The second official flag is the Colombian National Police flag, charged with the Colombian coat of arms over a white star, and a maroon circle around reading on top POLICIA NACIONAL, and on the bottom DEPTO. (abbreviation for DEPARTAMENTO) * POL (abbreviation for POLICIA) and the name of the Department.
Regarding the flags of the three Main cities Metropolitan Commands, I have not seen them, but I do know they exist.
Below are examples of the two official flags from two departments.
E.R., 27 July 2006

Note that the inscription in and border of the maroon ring are gold on the Colombian tricolor flag and and silver on the white/green bicolor.
Eugene Ipavec, 28 July 2006

I saw a Police patrol that belongs to the Policía Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá (Aburrá Valley Metropolitan Police) which is one of the three Comandos de Policía Metropolitana (Metropolitan Police Commands). The flag of the Comando de Policía Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá has the same scheme as the Comando Departamental with the only difference being on the Coat of Arms, the lower part of the red circle having the words METROPOLITANA VALLE DE ABURRA.
E.R., 31 July 2006

Comando Departamento de Policía de Amazonas


image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006


image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006

Comando Departamento de Policía de Córdoba


image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006


image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 July 2006

Policía Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá


image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 July 2006


image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 July 2006


Colombian Asociation of Retired Police Officers


flag
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 July 2006


coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 July 2006


proposed coat of arms
image by Eugene Ipavec, 23 July 2006

The flag of the ACORPOL (Asociación Colombiana de Oficiales en Retiro de la Policía, or Colombian Asociation of Retired Police Officers). The information is based on a magazine, published in March, 2006, by this asociacion, in which it portrays the flag, the Coat of Arms and a proposal for a new Coat of Arms.
The flag has the same bicolor color scheme as the General Santander Police Cadet School plus the Coat of Arms on the middle. The green color stands for hope and the yellow color stands for richness.
This was a proposal sent in August 1985 and published my the Asociation's magazine, made by Lt. Col. (r) Alberto Bernal García (deceased), of the ACORPOL office in the Departmento of Valle, making a call to upgrade not only the Coat of Arms but also the anthem and the flag. The proposal was published in the magazine  Carta Policial, Edition No. 49, August-September issue of 1985.
E.R., 23 and 26 July 2006